• #Empirical Evidence

    Why do we need it?
    Penetration means adoption
    Performance means being able to compete
    End-system or Network
  • IPv6 Evolution

    • Technology upgrade dilemma
      to upgrade or not to upgrade
      pros and cons of each option individually
        1- IPv6 Added Value?
        2- Challenge Realizing Added Value?
        3- Adoption Cost? time, learning efforts, etc
        cost should be separated from challenges

    faced with the above pros and cons each stakeholder adoption path began to evolve over the next years

  • End-System Penetration & Performance

    End-system can be a user or an ICP
  • Network Penetration & Performance

    Network plays role in connecting the end-systems together
    It has two components:
        1- Forwarding Plane
        2- Routing Plane
  • IPv6 Adoption Path

    Empirical Evidence Shows

    • Marginal Adoption from 1998 to 2009
    • Kick-Start in Adoption in 2009 to 2012
    • Acceleration in Adoption Rate Since 2012

    Hence, Three Phases:

  • Four main factors

    1- Price of IPv4 addresses
    2- Technical maturity of IPv6
    3- Cost of migration to IPv6
    4- Growing demand for Internet use (Time)
  • Users Adoption Measurements

    Penetration
    
    Performance
  • ICPs Adoption Measurements

    Penetration
    
    Performance
  • Penetration

    Performance

    Our Data
    In Forwarding
    
    In Routing
  • Phase I

    Observation: No/Marginal Adoption

  • Phase II

    Observation 1: Kick-Start in Adoption
    Observation 2: Very Slow Progress

  • Phase III

    Observation: Accelerating in Adoption

  • Penetration

  • Performance

  • Fact 1) No Advantage Except for Larger Address Space
    [Category: Added Value]

  • Fact 2) No Need for a Larger Address Space
    Fact 3) Cheap IPv4 Addresses
    Fact 4) Technical Immaturity
    [Category: Challenges Realizing Added Value]

  • Fact 5) Cost of IPv6 adoption high
    [Category: Cost]

  • Fact 1) IPv4 Exhaustion Nearing -> Limited Foreseeing of Future
    Fact 2) Partial Need for a Larger Address Space
    Fact 3) Increasing Cost of IPv4 Addresses
    [Category: Added Value]

  • Fact 4) Technical Maturity to Some Extent
    [Category: Added Value]
    Fact 5) Routing Problem
    [Category: Challenges Realizing Added Value]

  • Fact 6) Cost of IPv6 adoption drops
    [Category: Cost]

  • Fact 1) Complete Exhaustion of IPv4 Addresses
    Fact 2) Severe Need for a More Addresses
    Fact 3) High Cost of Acquiring IPv4 Addresses
    [Category: Added Value]

  • Fact 4) Technical Maturity
    [Category: Added Value]

  • Fact 5) Cost of IPv6 adoption low
    [Category: Cost]

  • Validation by Our Data

  • Denser Core of the IPv6 Internet <- CAIDA

{"cards":[{"_id":"3812596dd8442def2b000058","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":null,"content":"#Introduction"},{"_id":"381259c9d8442def2b000059","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":null,"content":"#Empirical Evidence\n\n Why do we need it?\n Penetration means adoption\n Performance means being able to compete\n End-system or Network"},{"_id":"38125aa4d8442def2b00005b","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"381259c9d8442def2b000059","content":"##End-System Penetration & Performance\n End-system can be a user or an ICP"},{"_id":"38125ec8d8442def2b00005d","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"38125aa4d8442def2b00005b","content":"###Users Adoption Measurements \n Penetration\n\n Performance"},{"_id":"38126095d8442def2b00005e","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"38125aa4d8442def2b00005b","content":"###ICPs Adoption Measurements\n\n Penetration\n\n Performance"},{"_id":"3820f61085be5dd061000021","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"38126095d8442def2b00005e","content":"Penetration"},{"_id":"3820f65a85be5dd061000022","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":"38126095d8442def2b00005e","content":"Performance"},{"_id":"38125b3ad8442def2b00005c","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"381259c9d8442def2b000059","content":"##Network Penetration & Performance\n Network plays role in connecting the end-systems together\n It has two components:\n 1- Forwarding Plane\n 2- Routing Plane"},{"_id":"381430a585be5dd06100001d","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"38125b3ad8442def2b00005c","content":"###Penetration\n \n###Performance\n Our Data\n In Forwarding\n\n In Routing"},{"_id":"381261b9d8442def2b00005f","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":null,"content":"# IPv6 Evolution\n\n- Technology upgrade dilemma \n to upgrade or not to upgrade\n pros and cons of each option individually\n 1- IPv6 Added Value?\n 2- Challenge Realizing Added Value?\n 3- Adoption Cost? time, learning efforts, etc\n cost should be separated from challenges\n\nfaced with the above pros and cons each stakeholder adoption path began to evolve over the next years\n\n\n"},{"_id":"38126278d8442def2b000060","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"381261b9d8442def2b00005f","content":"## IPv6 Adoption Path\n\n###Empirical Evidence Shows \n- Marginal Adoption from 1998 to 2009\n- Kick-Start in Adoption in 2009 to 2012\n- Acceleration in Adoption Rate Since 2012\n\nHence, Three Phases:"},{"_id":"381262d2d8442def2b000061","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"38126278d8442def2b000060","content":"#### Phase I\n\nObservation: No/Marginal Adoption\n\n"},{"_id":"38139f81d8442def2b000068","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"381262d2d8442def2b000061","content":"Fact 1) No Advantage Except for Larger Address Space\n**[Category: Added Value]**\n"},{"_id":"3813a9a8d8442def2b00006b","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"381262d2d8442def2b000061","content":"Fact 2) No Need for a Larger Address Space\nFact 3) Cheap IPv4 Addresses\nFact 4) Technical Immaturity \n**[Category: Challenges Realizing Added Value]**\n"},{"_id":"38c40bb4c3cfb9ae09000021","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":"381262d2d8442def2b000061","content":"Fact 5) Cost of IPv6 adoption high\n**[Category: Cost]**"},{"_id":"3812633fd8442def2b000062","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"38126278d8442def2b000060","content":"#### Phase II\n\nObservation 1: Kick-Start in Adoption\nObservation 2: Very Slow Progress"},{"_id":"3813a53cd8442def2b000069","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":"3812633fd8442def2b000062","content":"Fact 1) IPv4 Exhaustion Nearing -> Limited Foreseeing of Future\nFact 2) Partial Need for a Larger Address Space\nFact 3) Increasing Cost of IPv4 Addresses\n**[Category: Added Value]**\n"},{"_id":"3813ab66d8442def2b00006e","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":4,"parentId":"3812633fd8442def2b000062","content":"Fact 4) Technical Maturity to Some Extent\n**[Category: Added Value]**\nFact 5) Routing Problem\n**[Category: Challenges Realizing Added Value]**"},{"_id":"38126610d8442def2b000065","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":"3813ab66d8442def2b00006e","content":"#### Validation by Our Data"},{"_id":"38c40c2fc3cfb9ae09000022","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":5,"parentId":"3812633fd8442def2b000062","content":"Fact 6) Cost of IPv6 adoption drops\n**[Category: Cost]**"},{"_id":"38126383d8442def2b000063","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":"38126278d8442def2b000060","content":"#### Phase III\n\nObservation: Accelerating in Adoption"},{"_id":"3813ed39d8442def2b000076","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"38126383d8442def2b000063","content":"Fact 1) Complete Exhaustion of IPv4 Addresses\nFact 2) Severe Need for a More Addresses\nFact 3) High Cost of Acquiring IPv4 Addresses\n**[Category: Added Value]**\n"},{"_id":"3813f262d8442def2b000078","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"38126383d8442def2b000063","content":"Fact 4) Technical Maturity\n**[Category: Added Value]**"},{"_id":"3813f119d8442def2b000077","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"3813f262d8442def2b000078","content":"Denser Core of the IPv6 Internet <- CAIDA"},{"_id":"38c40cdcc3cfb9ae09000023","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":"38126383d8442def2b000063","content":"Fact 5) Cost of IPv6 adoption low\n**[Category: Cost]**"},{"_id":"38126a2fd8442def2b000066","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":4,"parentId":null,"content":"#Model\n"},{"_id":"38b649f6c3cfb9ae09000020","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"38126a2fd8442def2b000066","content":"## Four main factors\n 1- Price of IPv4 addresses\n 2- Technical maturity of IPv6\n 3- Cost of migration to IPv6\n 4- Growing demand for Internet use (Time)"},{"_id":"38126acbd8442def2b000067","treeId":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","seq":1,"position":5,"parentId":null,"content":"#Conclusion"}],"tree":{"_id":"38123019d8442def2b00001e","name":"My Paper","publicUrl":"1m2e3h4d5i"}}