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#Z's Think-Writing File

#Things to Think through via Writing

@RSM, @research action
#- Idea: Use Toulmin's (sp?) claim-reason-evidence-warrant structure to guide my reasoning about and explanation of my rough, initial, hypothesized program theory as well as my final, revised, evidence-informed program theory

#Booth (2008), p. 109
“. . . every argument, research or not, is built out of answers to five questions . . . questions that you must ask yourself on your reader’s behalf:

  • What is my claim?
  • What reasons support my claim?
  • What evidence supports my reasons?
  • What principle makes my reasons relevant to my claim? (We call this principle a warrant.)”

. . . THEREFORE, regarding my claim as to my hypothesized, rough, initial program theory

  • I claim that ONE mechanism underlying bar diagramming is that it affords subjects the OPPORTUNITY to “add leaves to their realization trees” by engaging in MR (multimodal representation)
  • REASONS: distributed cognition; theory of binumeracy; appropriation of sign; UMR SOLO cycle; diagram-gesture-agency theory; embodied cognition in mathematics
  • PRINCIPLES: the complementarity of the two functions of sign; math as a SFMD; defining one’s mathematical understanding of a signifier as one’s realization tree for a mathematical signifier; MRC (multimodal representational competency)

@writing, @revising
#My Proposal Tables, Images, and Appendices

My Proposal Tables

Writing about My Proposal Tables

#My Proposal Figures

Writing about My Proposal Figures

#My Proposal Appendices

Writing about My Proposal Appendices

#`What type of academic writer are you?`

Old Draft

New Draft

#`My Awesome Zeroeth Draft`

#Research Design →

#{Back Matter}

Realist Synthesis Methodology

Overview (description) of Realist Synthesis Methdology

Assumptions under Realist Synthesis Methdology

Key Concepts in Realist Synthesis Methodology

Stages in Realist Synthesis Methodology

Challenges with Employing Realist Synthesis Methodology

Strengths of Realist Synthesis

Rationale for Employing Realist Synthesis


Ethical Considerations

Scope and Delimitations

(factors under the control of the researcher)


(factors NOT under the control of the researcher)


(factors that the researcher assumes are taken into consideration)

External Validity (Generalizability)

Internal Validity (Reliability)

{introductory paragraphs}

Background of the Study

Statement of the Problem

Purpose and Rationale of the Study

Research Question and Review Questions

Central Research Question

Review Questions

Some Hypotheses

Definition of Key Terms

{preview: list of main sections and subsections}