Durkheim: on education


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Emile Durkheim (1857-1917)

Født jøde, hans far var rabbi, men afskrev sin tro, i sin ungdom og fokuserede på at blive filosofilærer

Pariserkommunen, indflydelse: “his mission would be to help his compatriots forge a path towards a society which, in unity and solidarity, would transcend its own conflicts, and to foster changes in society that would lead to cohesion, enabling his fellow-citizens to experience what he called ‘the ultimate good’ communion with others”

“he had a role to play in the progress of his society and that by choosing to be a teacher he could contribute to that progress through education”

“After a few years of teaching philosophy in secondary schools, Durkheim was appointed in 1887 to a lectureship in ‘social science and pedagogy’ at the Faculty of Arts in Bordeaux, before taking up, at the Sorbonne in Paris in 1902, a chair in the ‘science of education’, later renamed ‘science of education and sociology’, a post he held until his death in 1917”

“The institutionalization of a science of education was accordingly inseparable from Durkheim’s formal definition of sociology itself. The ‘father’ of French sociology was thus to be the first educational sociologist, just at the time when Jules Ferry, the Minister of Public Instruction between 1882 and 1886, was laying the foundations of a secular, compulsory and egalitarian school system.2”

Om artiklen

“In an article written in 1911 entitled ‘Education, its Nature and Role’ published in Education et sociologie, Durkheim asserts, on the basis of ‘historical observation’, that ‘every society, considered at a given moment in its development, has a system of education which is imposed on individuals’”

Kritik af eksisternde definitioner af uddannelse

Perfektion. Kant. Afvist da det ikke er muligt. Vi kan kun overskue en begænset opgave i livet. Nogle er skabt til handling, andre til refleksion.