• In-text references

  • Reference list entries

  • One work by one author

  • One work by two authors

  • One work by three authors

  • One work by four authors

  • One work by five authors

  • One work by six or more authors

  • Groups (readily identified through abbreviation) as authors

  • Groups (no abbreviation) as authors

  • Authors with the same surname

  • Works with no identified author or with an anonymous author

  • Two or more works within the same parentheses

  • Secondary sources

  • Classical works

  • Citing specific parts of a source

  • Personal communications

  • Citations in parenthetical material

  • Periodicals

  • Books, reference books, and book chapters

  • Technical and research reports and other grey literature

  • Meetings and symposia

  • Doctoral dissertations and Master’s theses

  • Reviews and peer commentary

  • Audiovisual media

  • Data sets, software, measurement instruments, and apparatus

  • Unpublished and informally published works

  • Archival documents and collections

  • Websites, Internet message boards, Electronic mailing lists, Social Media, and other online communities

  • Legal materials (please check the APA Publication Manual in the Hanze Media Library)

  • General Reference Formats

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. \emph{Title of Periodical, xx}, pp–pp. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of article. \emph{Title of Periodical, xx}, pp–pp. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

  • 1) Journal article with DOI

  • 2) Journal article with DOI, eight or more authors

  • 3) Journal article with DOI, reprinted from another source, translated

  • 3) Journal article without DOI (when DOI is not available)

  • 4) Journal article without DOI, title translated into English, print version

  • 5) Journal article with DOI, advance online publication

  • 6) In-press article

  • 7) Magazine article

  • 8) Online magazine article

  • 9) Newsletter article, no author

  • 10) Newspaper article

  • 11) Online newspaper article

  • 12) Special issue or section in a journal

  • 13) Monograph as part of journal issue

  • 14) Editorial without signature

  • 15) Online-only supplemental material in a periodical

  • 16) Abstract as original source

  • 17) Abstract as secondary source

  • General reference formats:

    • Entire book

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of book. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of book. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Editor, A. A., Editor, B. B., & Editor, C. C. (Eds.). (year). Title of book. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx

    Editor, A. A., Editor, B. B., & Editor, C. C. (Eds.). (year). Title of book. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    • Chapter in a book or entry in a reference book

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx–xxx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx

    Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pp. xxx–xxx). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    • Entry in an online reference work with no byline

    Title of entry. (year). In Title of reference work (xx ed., Vol. xx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx

    Title of entry. (year). In Title of reference work (xx ed., Vol. xx). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

  • General reference format
    Author, A. A. (year). \emph{Title of work} (Report No. xxx) [Description of form]. Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://xxxxx

  • General reference formats:
    - Symposium
    Contributor, A. A., Contributor, B. B., Contributor, C. C., & Contributor, D. D. (year, month). Title of contribution. In E. E. Chairperson (Chair), \emph{Title of symposium.} Symposium conducted at the meeting of Organization Name, Location. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    - Paper presentation or poster session
    Presenter, A. A. (year, month). \emph{Title of paper or poster.} Paper or poster presented at the meeting of Organization Name, Location. Retrieved from [or “Abstract
    retrieved from”] http://xxxxx

  • General Reference Formats
    Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis retrieved from a database service

    Author, A. A. (year). \emph{Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis} (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of Database. (Accession or Order No.)

    Author, A. A. (year). \emph{Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis} (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Unpublished dissertation or master’s thesis

    Author, A. A. (year). \emph{Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis} (Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from http://xxxxx

  • General Reference Formats:
    Reviewer, A. A. (year). Title of review [Review of the book \emph{Title of book}, by B. B. Author]. \emph{Title of complete work, xx}, xxx–xxx. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx

    Reviewer, A. A. (year). Title of review [Review of the article “Title of article”, by B. B. Author]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

  • General Reference Formats:

    Motion picture
    Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (year). \emph{Title of motion picture} [Medium: DVD, video file, etc.]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Entire television series
    Producer, A. A. (Producer), & Creator, B. B. (Creator). (years aired). \emph{Title of television series} [Television series]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Episode or webisode in a television or radio series
    Writer, A. A. (Writer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (year). Title of episode or webisode [Television series episode or webisode]. In C. C. Producer (Executive Producer), \emph{Television series name.} Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Music recording, full album
    Writer, A. A. (copyright year). \emph{Title of album} [Recorded by B. B. Artist if different from writer; Medium of recording: CD, mp3, record, cassette, etc.]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx (Date of recording if different from album copyright date)

    Music recording, single track on an album
    Writer, A. A. (copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist if different from writer]. On \emph{Title of album} [Medium of recording: CD, mp3, record, cassette, etc.]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx (Date of recording if different from
    song’s copyright date)

    Work of art (painting, drawing, sculpture, photograph, or
    other medium)

    Artist, A. A. (copyright year). \emph{Title of work} [Medium: Painting, drawing, sculpture, photograph, etc.]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Recorded interview
    Interviewee, A. A. (year, month day interviewed). \emph{Title of interview} (B. B. Interviewer, Interviewer) [File format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Streaming video (e.g. YouTube video)
    Author, A. A. [User name]. (year, month day). \emph{Title of video} [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    User name. (year, month day). \emph{Title of video} [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

  • General Reference Formats:

    Software (including apps) or program with individual or corporate authors

    Rightsholder, A. A. (year). Title of Software or Program (Version number) [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Test or inventory from the web
    Author, A. A. (year). \emph{Title of Test or Inventory}[Measurement instrument]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Test database record (e.g. retrieved from PsycTESTS database)
    Author, A. A. (year). \emph{Name of Test or Inventory} [Database record]. Retrieved from Database Name. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx

  • General Reference Formats:

    Unpublished or informally published manuscript

    Author, A. A. (year). Title of manuscript. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Online lecture notes or Powerpoint slides

    Author, A. A. (year). \emph{Title of presentation} [Lecture notes or PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

    Author, A. A. (year). \emph{Title of presentation} [Lecture notes or PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from Name of Database. (Accession No. xxxx)

  • General Reference Formats:

  • General Reference Formats:

    Author, A. A. (year). Title of document [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx

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A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). *Title of book.* http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx\n\nAuthor, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). *Title of book.* Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\nEditor, A. A., Editor, B. B., & Editor, C. C. (Eds.). (year). *Title of book.* http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx\n\nEditor, A. A., Editor, B. B., & Editor, C. C. (Eds.). (year). *Title of book.* Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n- *Chapter in a book or entry in a reference book*\n\nAuthor, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), *Title of book* (pp. xxx–xxx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx\n\nAuthor, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (year). Title of chapter or entry. In A. A. Editor & B. B. Editor (Eds.), *Title of book* (pp. xxx–xxx). Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n- *Entry in an online reference work with no byline*\n\nTitle of entry. (year). In *Title of reference work* (xx ed., Vol. xx). http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx\n\nTitle of entry. (year). In *Title of reference work* (xx ed., Vol. xx). Retrieved from http://xxxxx"},{"_id":"70a42485b85bc9353000027e","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817664,"position":1,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[ ] Entire book, print version"},{"_id":"70a46762b85bc93530000293","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817779,"position":2,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Electronic version of print book"},{"_id":"70a4685cb85bc93530000294","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817773,"position":3,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Electronic-only book"},{"_id":"7150d22ba6d53d0962000178","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817783,"position":3.5,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Entire book from an online library"},{"_id":"70a4686cb85bc93530000295","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817771,"position":4,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Electronic version of republished book"},{"_id":"70a46878b85bc93530000296","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817769,"position":5,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Limited-circulation book or monograph, from electronic database"},{"_id":"70a46890b85bc93530000297","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817656,"position":6,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[ ] Several volumes in a multivolume work"},{"_id":"70a468a1b85bc93530000299","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817732,"position":8,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[ ] Book chapter, print version"},{"_id":"70a468aab85bc9353000029a","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817653,"position":9,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[ ] Book chapter, English translation, reprinted from another source"},{"_id":"7150c7caa6d53d0962000176","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817767,"position":9.25,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[ ] Chapter in an edited book"},{"_id":"7150cb93a6d53d0962000177","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817766,"position":9.375,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Chapter in an edited book online"},{"_id":"70a46899b85bc93530000298","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817754,"position":9.5,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Electronic version of book chapter in a volume in a series"},{"_id":"70a468b4b85bc9353000029b","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817728,"position":10,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Reference book"},{"_id":"7150c0c0a6d53d0962000175","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817727,"position":11.5,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Reference work online"},{"_id":"70a468bab85bc9353000029c","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817726,"position":11.75,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Non-English reference book, title translated into English"},{"_id":"70a468c2b85bc9353000029d","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817715,"position":12,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Entry in an online reference work"},{"_id":"70a468cbb85bc9353000029e","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817713,"position":13,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Entry in an online reference work, no author or editor"},{"_id":"7150bd78a6d53d0962000173","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817712,"position":14,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Entry in Wikipedia"},{"_id":"7150c013a6d53d0962000174","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817710,"position":15,"parentId":"70a4240bb85bc9353000027d","content":"[X] Archived entry in Wikipedia"},{"_id":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817813,"position":3,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Technical and research reports and other grey literature"},{"_id":"7150fd0fa6d53d096200017a","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817817,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"**General reference format**\nAuthor, A. A. (year). \\emph{Title of work} (Report No. xxx) [Description of form]. Retrieved from Agency Name website: http://xxxxx"},{"_id":"70a42792b85bc93530000280","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817819,"position":1,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] Corporate author, government report"},{"_id":"70a46929b85bc9353000029f","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817824,"position":2,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] Corporate author, task force report filed online"},{"_id":"70a46932b85bc935300002a0","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817825,"position":3,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] Authored report, from NGO"},{"_id":"70a46936b85bc935300002a1","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817826,"position":4,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] Report from institutional archive"},{"_id":"7151027aa6d53d096200017b","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817840,"position":4.5,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] Press release"},{"_id":"715102a9a6d53d096200017c","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817837,"position":4.75,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] White paper"},{"_id":"71510329a6d53d096200017d","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817839,"position":4.875,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] Fact sheet"},{"_id":"71510353a6d53d096200017e","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817834,"position":4.9375,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] Brochure"},{"_id":"70a4693cb85bc935300002a2","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817823,"position":5,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[ ] Issue brief"},{"_id":"715103e7a6d53d096200017f","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817833,"position":6,"parentId":"70a425bdb85bc9353000027f","content":"[X] Policy brief"},{"_id":"70a42823b85bc93530000281","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8703496,"position":4,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Meetings and symposia"},{"_id":"71510657a6d53d0962000180","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817853,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a42823b85bc93530000281","content":"**General reference formats:**\n*- Symposium*\nContributor, A. A., Contributor, B. B., Contributor, C. C., & Contributor, D. D. (year, month). Title of contribution. In E. E. Chairperson (Chair), \\emph{Title of symposium.} Symposium conducted at the meeting of Organization Name, Location. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*- Paper presentation or poster session*\nPresenter, A. A. (year, month). \\emph{Title of paper or poster.} Paper or poster presented at the meeting of Organization Name, Location. Retrieved from [or “Abstract\nretrieved from”] http://xxxxx\n"},{"_id":"70a428d1b85bc93530000282","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817855,"position":1,"parentId":"70a42823b85bc93530000281","content":"[ ] Symposium contribution"},{"_id":"70a46983b85bc935300002a3","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817861,"position":2,"parentId":"70a42823b85bc93530000281","content":"[X] Conference paper abstract retrieved online"},{"_id":"70a4698cb85bc935300002a4","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817863,"position":3,"parentId":"70a42823b85bc93530000281","content":"[X] Proceedings published regularly online"},{"_id":"70a46994b85bc935300002a5","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817864,"position":4,"parentId":"70a42823b85bc93530000281","content":"[X] Proceedings published in book form"},{"_id":"70a4295cb85bc93530000283","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817889,"position":5,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Doctoral dissertations and Master's theses"},{"_id":"715120eca6d53d0962000182","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817906,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a4295cb85bc93530000283","content":"**General Reference Formats**\n*Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis retrieved from a database service*\n\nAuthor, A. A. (year). \\emph{Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis} (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from Name of Database. (Accession or Order No.)\n\nAuthor, A. A. (year). \\emph{Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis} (Doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Unpublished dissertation or master’s thesis*\n\nAuthor, A. A. (year). \\emph{Title of doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis} (Unpublished doctoral dissertation or master’s thesis). Retrieved from http://xxxxx"},{"_id":"70a42a70b85bc93530000284","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817899,"position":1,"parentId":"70a4295cb85bc93530000283","content":"[X] Master's thesis, from a commercial database"},{"_id":"70a469d4b85bc935300002a6","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817900,"position":2,"parentId":"70a4295cb85bc93530000283","content":"[X] Doctoral dissertation, from an institutional database"},{"_id":"70a469deb85bc935300002a7","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817901,"position":3,"parentId":"70a4295cb85bc93530000283","content":"[X] Doctoral dissertation, from the web"},{"_id":"70a469e5b85bc935300002a8","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817897,"position":4,"parentId":"70a4295cb85bc93530000283","content":"[ ] Doctoral dissertation, abstracted in DAI"},{"_id":"70a469ebb85bc935300002a9","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817898,"position":5,"parentId":"70a4295cb85bc93530000283","content":"[ ] Doctoral thesis, from a university outside the United States"},{"_id":"70a42bc7b85bc93530000285","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8703516,"position":6,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Reviews and peer commentary"},{"_id":"7151316aa6d53d0962000188","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817952,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a42bc7b85bc93530000285","content":"**General Reference Formats:**\nReviewer, A. A. (year). Title of review [Review of the book \\emph{Title of book}, by B. B. Author]. \\emph{Title of complete work, xx}, xxx–xxx. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx\n\nReviewer, A. A. (year). Title of review [Review of the article \"Title of article\", by B. B. Author]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx"},{"_id":"70a42c1cb85bc93530000286","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817907,"position":1,"parentId":"70a42bc7b85bc93530000285","content":"[ ] Review of a book"},{"_id":"70a46a2bb85bc935300002aa","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817955,"position":2,"parentId":"70a42bc7b85bc93530000285","content":"[X] Review of a video"},{"_id":"70a46a34b85bc935300002ab","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817956,"position":3,"parentId":"70a42bc7b85bc93530000285","content":"[X] Review of a video game, no author"},{"_id":"70a46a3cb85bc935300002ac","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817957,"position":4,"parentId":"70a42bc7b85bc93530000285","content":"[X] Peer commentary on an article"},{"_id":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8703523,"position":7,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Audiovisual media"},{"_id":"71513132a6d53d0962000187","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8818160,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"**General Reference Formats:**\n\n*Motion picture*\nProducer, A. A. (Producer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (year). \\emph{Title of motion picture} [Medium: DVD, video file, etc.]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Entire television series*\nProducer, A. A. (Producer), & Creator, B. B. (Creator). (years aired). \\emph{Title of television series} [Television series]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Episode or webisode in a television or radio series*\nWriter, A. A. (Writer), & Director, B. B. (Director). (year). Title of episode or webisode [Television series episode or webisode]. In C. C. Producer (Executive Producer), \\emph{Television series name.} Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Music recording, full album*\nWriter, A. A. (copyright year). \\emph{Title of album} [Recorded by B. B. Artist if different from writer; Medium of recording: CD, mp3, record, cassette, etc.]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx (Date of recording if different from album copyright date)\n\n*Music recording, single track on an album*\nWriter, A. A. (copyright year). Title of song [Recorded by B. B. Artist if different from writer]. On \\emph{Title of album} [Medium of recording: CD, mp3, record, cassette, etc.]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx (Date of recording if different from\nsong’s copyright date)\n\n*Work of art (painting, drawing, sculpture, photograph, or\nother medium)*\nArtist, A. A. (copyright year). \\emph{Title of work} [Medium: Painting, drawing, sculpture, photograph, etc.]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Recorded interview*\nInterviewee, A. A. (year, month day interviewed). \\emph{Title of interview} (B. B. Interviewer, Interviewer) [File format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Streaming video (e.g. YouTube video)*\nAuthor, A. A. [User name]. (year, month day). \\emph{Title of video} [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\nUser name. (year, month day). \\emph{Title of video} [Video file]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n"},{"_id":"70a42e34b85bc93530000288","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817912,"position":1,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[ ] Video"},{"_id":"71521d7aa6d53d0962000189","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8818171,"position":1.125,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[ ] Video retrieved online"},{"_id":"71521e64a6d53d096200018a","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8818172,"position":1.25,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Video available online"},{"_id":"71521fc1a6d53d096200018b","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8818173,"position":2.5,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[ ] Television series (entire)"},{"_id":"71522190a6d53d096200018c","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8818176,"position":2.75,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[ ] Episode from a television series"},{"_id":"70a46ce7b85bc935300003b8","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8818177,"position":3,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Episode or webisode in a television series"},{"_id":"70a46cf2b85bc935300003b9","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817915,"position":4,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[ ] Music recording"},{"_id":"71522291a6d53d096200018d","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8818179,"position":4.5,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Music recording, single track, republished"},{"_id":"70a46c59b85bc935300003b7","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821092,"position":4.5625,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Audio podcast"},{"_id":"715467f8a6d53d0962000194","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821095,"position":4.625,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Video podcast"},{"_id":"70a46cfcb85bc935300003ba","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821086,"position":4.765625,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Map retrieved online"},{"_id":"7154638da6d53d0962000192","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821097,"position":4.78125,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Painting"},{"_id":"71546394a6d53d0962000193","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821098,"position":4.8125,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Photograph"},{"_id":"715462eca6d53d0962000191","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821079,"position":5.125,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Speech recording"},{"_id":"7154627ea6d53d0962000190","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821077,"position":5.25,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Interview recording"},{"_id":"7152addfa6d53d096200018f","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821072,"position":5.5,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Transcription of an audio or a video file (podcast, interview, speech, etc.)"},{"_id":"7152acdca6d53d096200018e","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8818467,"position":6,"parentId":"70a42df6b85bc93530000287","content":"[X] Streaming video (e.g. YouTube, Vimeo)"},{"_id":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8703272,"position":8,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Data sets, software, measurement instruments, and apparatus"},{"_id":"71513102a6d53d0962000186","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821114,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"**General Reference Formats:**\n\n*Software (including apps) or program with individual or corporate authors*\n\nRightsholder, A. A. (year). Title of Software or Program (Version number) [Description of form]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Test or inventory from the web*\nAuthor, A. A. (year). \\emph{Title of Test or Inventory}[Measurement instrument]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Test database record (e.g. retrieved from PsycTESTS database)*\nAuthor, A. A. (year). \\emph{Name of Test or Inventory} [Database record]. Retrieved from Database Name. http://dx.doi.org/xxxxx"},{"_id":"70a42f9bb85bc9353000028a","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821137,"position":1,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Data set"},{"_id":"70a46d3db85bc935300003bb","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821138,"position":2,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Measurement instrument"},{"_id":"70a46d45b85bc935300003bc","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821135,"position":3,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Software"},{"_id":"71547b37a6d53d0962000195","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821132,"position":3.5,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Mobile application software (app), group or corporate author"},{"_id":"71547c5da6d53d0962000196","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821133,"position":3.75,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Mobile application software (app), individual authors"},{"_id":"71547d72a6d53d0962000197","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821131,"position":3.875,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Facebook application"},{"_id":"71547daca6d53d0962000198","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821130,"position":3.9375,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Entry in mobile application (app) reference work, no byline"},{"_id":"70a46d50b85bc935300003bd","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821128,"position":4,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Apparatus"},{"_id":"71547f1aa6d53d0962000199","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821125,"position":5,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Test or inventory from the web"},{"_id":"71547f6ea6d53d096200019a","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821122,"position":6,"parentId":"70a42f11b85bc93530000289","content":"[X] Test or inventory record retrieved from PsycTESTS database"},{"_id":"70a430a1b85bc9353000028b","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8703545,"position":9,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Unpublished and informally published works"},{"_id":"715130d4a6d53d0962000185","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821141,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a430a1b85bc9353000028b","content":"**General Reference Formats:**\n\n*Unpublished or informally published manuscript*\n\nAuthor, A. A. (year). Title of manuscript. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n*Online lecture notes or Powerpoint slides*\n\nAuthor, A. A. (year). \\emph{Title of presentation} [Lecture notes or PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\nAuthor, A. A. (year). \\emph{Title of presentation} [Lecture notes or PowerPoint slides]. Retrieved from Name of Database. (Accession No. xxxx)\n\n"},{"_id":"70a43142b85bc9353000028c","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817921,"position":1,"parentId":"70a430a1b85bc9353000028b","content":"[ ] Unpublished manuscript with a university cited"},{"_id":"70a46d9db85bc935300003be","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817922,"position":2,"parentId":"70a430a1b85bc9353000028b","content":"[ ] Manuscript in progress or submitted for publication"},{"_id":"70a46da6b85bc935300003bf","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817923,"position":3,"parentId":"70a430a1b85bc9353000028b","content":"[ ] Unpublished raw data from study, untitled work"},{"_id":"70a46daeb85bc935300003c0","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817924,"position":4,"parentId":"70a430a1b85bc9353000028b","content":"[ ] Informally published or self-archived work"},{"_id":"70a46db9b85bc935300003c1","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817925,"position":5,"parentId":"70a430a1b85bc9353000028b","content":"[ ] Informally published or self-archived work from ERIC"},{"_id":"715486d6a6d53d096200019b","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821166,"position":6,"parentId":"70a430a1b85bc9353000028b","content":"[ ] Lecture notes or PowerPoint slides"},{"_id":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8703556,"position":10,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Archival documents and collections"},{"_id":"7151309ba6d53d0962000184","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817945,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"**General Reference Formats:**"},{"_id":"70a44049b85bc9353000028e","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817926,"position":1,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Letter from a repository"},{"_id":"70a46e05b85bc935300003c2","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817927,"position":2,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Letter from private collection"},{"_id":"70a46e0eb85bc935300003c3","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817929,"position":3,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Collection of letters from an archive"},{"_id":"70a46e18b85bc935300003c4","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817930,"position":4,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Unpublished papers, lectures from an archive or personal collection"},{"_id":"70a46e24b85bc935300003c5","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817932,"position":5,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Archival/historical source for which the author and/or date is known or is reasonably certain but not stated on the document "},{"_id":"70a46e2bb85bc935300003c6","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817933,"position":6,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Archival source with corporate author"},{"_id":"70a46e35b85bc935300003c7","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817934,"position":7,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Interview recorded and available in an archive"},{"_id":"70a46e3db85bc935300003c8","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817935,"position":8,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Transcription of a recorded interview, no recording available"},{"_id":"70a46e48b85bc935300003c9","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817936,"position":9,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Newspaper article, historical, in an archive or personal collection"},{"_id":"70a46e50b85bc935300003ca","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817937,"position":10,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Historical publication of limited circulation"},{"_id":"70a46e58b85bc935300003cb","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8817938,"position":11,"parentId":"70a43ff7b85bc9353000028d","content":"[ ] Photographs"},{"_id":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821168,"position":11,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Websites, Internet message boards, Electronic mailing lists, Social Media, and other online communities"},{"_id":"71512f99a6d53d0962000183","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821171,"position":0.5,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"**General Reference Formats:**\n\nAuthor, A. A. (year). Title of document [Format]. Retrieved from http://xxxxx\n\n"},{"_id":"70a44260b85bc93530000290","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821172,"position":1,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"[X] Message posted to a newsgroup, online forum, or discussion group"},{"_id":"70a46ec7b85bc935300003cc","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821173,"position":2,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"[X] Message posted to an electronic mailing list"},{"_id":"70a46ed2b85bc935300003cd","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821179,"position":3,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"[X] Blog post"},{"_id":"70a46edcb85bc935300003ce","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821176,"position":4,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"[X] Video blog post"},{"_id":"7154c8d1a6d53d096200019c","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821181,"position":5,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"[ ] Blog comment"},{"_id":"7154c905a6d53d096200019d","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821182,"position":6,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"[ ] Twitter update or tweet"},{"_id":"7154c981a6d53d096200019e","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821183,"position":7,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"[ ] Facebook page or note"},{"_id":"7154ca63a6d53d096200019f","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8821196,"position":8,"parentId":"70a441b0b85bc9353000028f","content":"[ ] Facebook status update"},{"_id":"70a44395b85bc93530000291","treeId":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","seq":8703464,"position":12,"parentId":"70a39a79b85bc93530000259","content":"Legal materials (please check the APA Publication Manual in the Hanze Media Library)"}],"tree":{"_id":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256","name":"APA Referencing possibilities","publicUrl":"70a3995ab85bc93530000256"}}