Chapter Six Vocabulary

Civil Rights

The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.

Separate But Equal Doctrine

Racially segregated but ostensibly ensuring equal opportunities to all races.

De Jure Segregation

The legal separation of groups in society.

Civil Disobedience

The refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest.

Police Powers

The inherent power of a government to exercise reasonable control over persons and property within its jurisdiction in the interest of the general security, health, safety, morals, and welfare except where legally prohibited.

Affirmative Action

An action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination.

Reverse Discrimination

In the context of the allocation of resources or employment, the practice or policy of favoring individuals belonging to groups known to have been discriminated against previously.

Equality of Results

Equality of outcome, equality of condition, or equality of results is a political concept which is central to some political ideologies and is used regularly in political discourse, often in contrast to the term equality of opportunity.

Equality of Opportunity

Absence of discrimination, as in the workplace, based on race, color, age, gender, national origin, religion, or mental or physical disability.