Chapter Six Vocabulary
The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality.
Separate But Equal Doctrine
Racially segregated but ostensibly ensuring equal opportunities to all races.
De Jure Segregation
The legal separation of groups in society.
The refusal to comply with certain laws or to pay taxes and fines, as a peaceful form of political protest.
The inherent power of a government to exercise reasonable control over persons and property within its jurisdiction in the interest of the general security, health, safety, morals, and welfare except where legally prohibited.
An action or policy favoring those who tend to suffer from discrimination, especially in relation to employment or education; positive discrimination.
In the context of the allocation of resources or employment, the practice or policy of favoring individuals belonging to groups known to have been discriminated against previously.
Equality of Results
Equality of outcome, equality of condition, or equality of results is a political concept which is central to some political ideologies and is used regularly in political discourse, often in contrast to the term equality of opportunity.
Equality of Opportunity
Absence of discrimination, as in the workplace, based on race, color, age, gender, national origin, religion, or mental or physical disability.