• #Intellectual Property

    “the foundation for a substantial proportion of the UK’s innovation and economic growth” (HM Gov 2011)

  • #Copyright

    • Automatic right: don’t need © symbol
    • A monopoly right to control copies
    • Purpose: to promote innovation and learning
  • CopyLeft

  • Patents

    Trademarks

    Designs

    • Copy the work in any way
    • Issue copies to the public
    • Rend or lend copies
    • Performing, show or play the work in public
    • Broadcasting the work or other communication to the public by electronic transmission
    • make an adaptation of the work
  • #UK Copyright Law History

    • Based on Berne Convention
    • Additional time has been added
    • Based on 1988 Copyright, Designs and Patents Act
  • #Fair Use

    • criticism and review (subject to a test of fair dealing)
    • news (excluding photos)
    • court hearings
    • material to help visually impaired people
    • teaching in educational establishments.
  • If you’ve found an image, online or offline, you need to get permission from the copyright holder or pay for a licence before you use it – even if it isn’t immediately obvious who the copyright holder is.

    If you can’t find the copyright holder (or their representative) who can grant permission, don’t use it.

  • Problems

  • Open Source

    Creative Commons

    Public Domain

    Open Access

  • Stationers Company Register

    • Stationer (printer) listed a book title in the Register
    • Gave Stationer sole right to print and distribute that book
    • Author had almost no rights
  • Statute of Anne

    • Copyright lasted for 14 years
    • Copyright vested in author, not printer

      Stationers were not happy with result

    <style>h3{color:red;}</style>

    <img src="http://berlin-way-515.pancakeapps.com/Annae%20Reginae.jpg">

  • The Berne Convention

    • 164 countries have signed up to the convention
    • All members agree to same basic copyright regulations
    • Established minimum terms of copyright
    • For literary, dramatic, musical or artistic works

      70 years after death of author

    • For literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work, unknown author

      70 years from year in which the work was created

    • Sound Recordings and broadcasts

      50 years from year in which the work was created

    • Films

      70 years from the end of death of the last principal director, author or composer

    • Typographical arrangement of published editions

      25 years from year in which the work was first published.

    • Broadcasts and cable programmes

      50 years from the year in which the broadcast was made.

  • Fair Use Principles

    • The use is deemed acceptable under the terms of fair dealing.
    • That the quoted material is justified, and no more than is necessary is included.
    • That the source of the quoted material is mentioned, along with the name of the author.
  • Orphan Works

  • Can’t be controlled

    1. Free _Redistribution
    2. Source code must be provided
    3. Derived works must be allowed
    4. No discriminitation against any person or group
    5. License must be distributed with program
    6. License must be technology neutral
  • Public Domain

    1. Building blocks for the creation of new knowledge
    2. Access to cultural heritage
    3. Promoting education
    4. Enabling follow-on innovation
    5. Enabling low cost access to information without the need to locate the owner or negotiate rights clearance and pay royalties
    6. Promoting
      • public health and safety
      • democratic process and values
    7. Enabling competitive imitation

      (Samuelson, Challenges in Mapping the Public Domain http://nexa.polito.it/value-public-domain)

{"cards":[{"_id":"39cb7557f4682c2989000033","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":null,"content":"#Intellectual Property\n>\"the foundation for a substantial proportion of the UK’s innovation and economic growth\" (__HM Gov 2011__)"},{"_id":"39cb7648f4682c2989000035","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"39cb7557f4682c2989000033","content":"##Copyright\n##Patents\n##Trademarks\n##Designs"},{"_id":"39cb75eef4682c2989000034","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1.5,"parentId":null,"content":"#Copyright\n* Automatic right: don't need © symbol\n* A monopoly right to control copies\n* Purpose: to promote innovation and learning"},{"_id":"39d2971da4d940d20f000038","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"39cb75eef4682c2989000034","content":"##Copyright provides monopoly to\n* Copy the work in any way\n* Issue copies to the public\n* Rend or lend copies\n* Performing, show or play the work in public\n* Broadcasting the work or other communication to the public by electronic transmission\n* make an adaptation of the work"},{"_id":"39d2c6c845d7e9686a000016","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1.5,"parentId":"39cb75eef4682c2989000034","content":"#UK Copyright Law History"},{"_id":"39d31d2c45d7e9686a00001e","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":0.5,"parentId":"39d2c6c845d7e9686a000016","content":"##Stationers Company Register\n* Stationer (printer) listed a book title in the Register\n* Gave Stationer sole right to print and distribute that book\n* Author had almost no rights"},{"_id":"39d2a30ea4d940d20f000039","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"39d2c6c845d7e9686a000016","content":"###Statute of Anne\n* Copyright lasted for 14 years\n* Copyright vested in author, not printer\n> Stationers were not happy with result\n\n<style>h3{color:red;}</style>\n\n<img src=\"http://berlin-way-515.pancakeapps.com/Annae%20Reginae.jpg\">"},{"_id":"39d2abcd45d7e9686a000014","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"39d2c6c845d7e9686a000016","content":"\n###The Berne Convention \n* 164 countries have signed up to the convention\n* All members agree to same basic copyright regulations\n* Established minimum terms of copyright"},{"_id":"39d2e00545d7e9686a00001a","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2.125,"parentId":"39cb75eef4682c2989000034","content":"##Duration of Copyright in UK\n* Based on Berne Convention\n* Additional time has been added\n* Based on 1988 Copyright, Designs and Patents Act\n"},{"_id":"39d2e13145d7e9686a00001b","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"39d2e00545d7e9686a00001a","content":"* For literary, dramatic, musical or artistic works\n> 70 years after death of author \n\n* For literary, dramatic, musical or artistic work, unknown author\n> 70 years from year in which the work was created\n\n* Sound Recordings and broadcasts\n>50 years from year in which the work was created"},{"_id":"39d2e80b45d7e9686a00001c","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"39d2e00545d7e9686a00001a","content":"* Films \n>70 years from the end of death of the last principal director, author or composer\n\n* Typographical arrangement of published editions\n>25 years from year in which the work was first published.\n\n* Broadcasts and cable programmes\n>50 years from the year in which the broadcast was made."},{"_id":"39d2ccb145d7e9686a000017","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2.75,"parentId":"39cb75eef4682c2989000034","content":"#Fair Use\n* criticism and review (subject to a test of fair dealing)\n* news (excluding photos)\n* court hearings\n* material to help visually impaired people\n* teaching in educational establishments."},{"_id":"39d2dc8145d7e9686a000019","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"39d2ccb145d7e9686a000017","content":"###Fair Use Principles\n* The use is deemed acceptable under the terms of fair dealing.\n* That the quoted material is justified, and no more than is necessary is included.\n* That the source of the quoted material is mentioned, along with the name of the author."},{"_id":"39d2bb5245d7e9686a000015","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":4,"parentId":"39cb75eef4682c2989000034","content":"If you’ve found an image, online or offline, you need to get permission from the copyright holder or pay for a licence before you use it – even if it isn’t immediately obvious who the copyright holder is.\n\n>If you can't find the copyright holder (or their representative) who can grant permission, don't use it."},{"_id":"39d33d9a45d7e9686a00001f","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":5,"parentId":"39cb75eef4682c2989000034","content":"##Problems\n"},{"_id":"39d33dec45d7e9686a000020","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"39d33d9a45d7e9686a00001f","content":"###Copyright is needed for innovation\n![](http://berlin-way-515.pancakeapps.com/copyright/innovation_protection.png)"},{"_id":"39d3437c45d7e9686a000021","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"39d33d9a45d7e9686a00001f","content":"###Orphan Works\n![](http://www.papermasters.com/images/blogimages/Google-books-for-students.jpg)"},{"_id":"39d36a2f45d7e9686a000023","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":"39d33d9a45d7e9686a00001f","content":"###Can't be controlled\n![](http://blog.viaccess-orca.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/07/Screen-Shot-2013-07-09-at-6.28.37-PM.png)"},{"_id":"39d36a0f45d7e9686a000022","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":6,"parentId":"39cb75eef4682c2989000034","content":""},{"_id":"39d26e75a4d940d20f000037","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":null,"content":"##CopyLeft\n![](http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8b/Copyleft.svg/512px-Copyleft.svg.png)"},{"_id":"39d38b6b45d7e9686a000024","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"39d26e75a4d940d20f000037","content":"##Open Source\n##Creative Commons\n##Public Domain\n##Open Access"},{"_id":"39d92ba006ac47f859000035","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":1,"parentId":"39d38b6b45d7e9686a000024","content":"![](http://opensource.org/files/garland_logo.png)\n1. Free __Redistribution_\n2. __Source code__ must be provided\n2. __Derived works__ must be allowed\n2. No _discriminitation_ against any person or group\n2. __License__ must be distributed with program\n2. License must be __technology neutral__"},{"_id":"39d93ff306ac47f859000036","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":2,"parentId":"39d38b6b45d7e9686a000024","content":"![](http://creativecommons.org.nz/wp-content/uploads/2012/05/by-nc-sa1.png)\nhttp://creativecommons.org/choose/\n![](http://d3sdoylwcs36el.cloudfront.net/creative-commons-license-types-pros-cons.gif)\n"},{"_id":"39d942b506ac47f859000037","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":3,"parentId":"39d38b6b45d7e9686a000024","content":"##Public Domain\n1. Building blocks for the creation of new knowledge\n1. Access to cultural heritage \n1. Promoting education\n1. Enabling follow-on innovation\n1. Enabling low cost access to information without the need to locate the owner or negotiate rights clearance and pay royalties\n1. Promoting \n * public health and safety\n * democratic process and values\n1. Enabling competitive imitation\n>(Samuelson, _Challenges in Mapping the Public Domain_ http://nexa.polito.it/value-public-domain)"},{"_id":"39d9525206ac47f859000038","treeId":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","seq":1,"position":4,"parentId":"39d38b6b45d7e9686a000024","content":"![](http://blog.okfn.org/files/2013/01/cadenas.png)"}],"tree":{"_id":"39cb74a4f4682c2989000030","name":"Copyright and Left","publicUrl":"copyright-and-left"}}