#Reading: Literature

#Key Ideas and Details:

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.1

#K
With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

#1st
Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

#2nd
Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

#3rd
Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.

#4th
Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

#5th
Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.2

#K
With prompting and support, retell familiar stories, including key details.

#1st
Retell stories, including key details, and demonstrate understanding of their central message or lesson.

#2nd
Recount stories, including fables and folktales from diverse cultures, and determine their central message, lesson, or moral.

#3rd
Recount stories, including fables, folktales, and myths from diverse cultures; determine the central message, lesson, or moral and explain how it is conveyed through key details in the text.

#4th
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text; summarize the text.

#5th
Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the text, including how characters in a story or drama respond to challenges or how the speaker in a poem reflects upon a topic; summarize the text.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.3

#K
With prompting and support, identify characters, settings, and major events in a story.

#1st
Describe characters, settings, and major events in a story, using key details.

#2nd
Describe how characters in a story respond to major events and challenges.

#3rd
Describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events

#4th
Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions).

#5th
Compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the text (e.g., how characters interact).

Craft and Structure:

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.4

#K
Ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

#1st
Identify words and phrases in stories or poems that suggest feelings or appeal to the senses.

#2nd
Describe how words and phrases (e.g., regular beats, alliteration, rhymes, repeated lines) supply rhythm and meaning in a story, poem, or song.

#3rd
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from nonliteral language.

#4th
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including those that allude to significant characters found in mythology (e.g., Herculean).

#5th
Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, including figurative language such as metaphors and similes.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.5

#K
Recognize common types of texts (e.g., storybooks, poems).

#1st
Explain major differences between books that tell stories and books that give information, drawing on a wide reading of a range of text types.

#2nd
Describe the overall structure of a story, including describing how the beginning introduces the story and the ending concludes the action.

#3rd
Refer to parts of stories, dramas, and poems when writing or speaking about a text, using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza; describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections.

#4th
Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose, and refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, stage directions) when writing or speaking about a text.

#5th
Explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fits together to provide the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.6

#K
With prompting and support, name the author and illustrator of a story and define the role of each in telling the story.

#1st
Identify who is telling the story at various points in a text.

#2nd
Acknowledge differences in the points of view of characters, including by speaking in a different voice for each character when reading dialogue aloud.

#3rd
Distinguish their own point of view from that of the narrator or those of the characters.

#4th
Compare and contrast the point of view from which different stories are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.

#5th
Describe how a narrator’s or speaker’s point of view influences how events are described.

#Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.7

#K
With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the story in which they appear (e.g., what moment in a story an illustration depicts).

#1st
Use illustrations and details in a story to describe its characters, setting, or events.

#2nd
Use information gained from the illustrations and words in a print or digital text to demonstrate understanding of its characters, setting, or plot.

#3rd
Explain how specific aspects of a text’s illustrations contribute to what is conveyed by the words in a story (e.g., create mood, emphasize aspects of a character or setting)

#4th
Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the text, identifying where each version reflects specific descriptions and directions in the text.

#5th
Analyze how visual and multimedia elements contribute to the meaning, tone, or beauty of a text (e.g., graphic novel, multimedia presentation of fiction, folktale, myth, poem).

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.8

#K
(RL.K.8 not applicable to literature)

#1st
(RL.1.8 not applicable to literature)

#2nd
(RL.2.8 not applicable to literature)

#3rd
(RL.3.8 not applicable to literature)

#4th
(RL.4.8 not applicable to literature)

#5th
(RL.5.8 not applicable to literature)

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.9

#K
With prompting and support, compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in familiar stories.

#1st
Compare and contrast the adventures and experiences of characters in stories.

#2nd
Compare and contrast two or more versions of the same story (e.g., Cinderella stories) by different authors or from different cultures.

#3rd
Compare and contrast the themes, settings, and plots of stories written by the same author about the same or similar characters (e.g., in books from a series)

#4th
Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, and traditional literature from different cultures.

#5th
Compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries and adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics.

#Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity:

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RL.10

#K
Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

#1st
With prompting and support, read prose and poetry of appropriate complexity for grade 1.

#2nd
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories and poetry, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

#3rd
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 2-3 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

#4th
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

#5th
By the end of the year, read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

#Reading: Informational Text

#Key Ideas and Details:

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.1

#K
With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

#1st
Ask and answer questions about key details in a text.

#2nd
Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text.

#3rd
Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.

#4th
Refer to details and examples in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

#5th
Quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.2

#K
With prompting and support, identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

#1st
Identify the main topic and retell key details of a text.

#2nd
Identify the main topic of a multiparagraph text as well as the focus of specific paragraphs within the text.

#3rd
Determine the main idea of a text; recount the key details and explain how they support the main idea.

#4th
Determine the main idea of a text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.

#5th
Determine two or more main ideas of a text and explain how they are supported by key details; summarize the text.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.3

#K
With prompting and support, describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

#1st
Describe the connection between two individuals, events, ideas, or pieces of information in a text.

#2nd
Describe the connection between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text.

#3rd
Describe the relationship between a series of historical events, scientific ideas or concepts, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect.

#4th
Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the text.

#5th
Explain the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text based on specific information in the text.

#Craft and Structure:

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.4

#K
With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about unknown words in a text.

#1st
Ask and answer questions to help determine or clarify the meaning of words and phrases in a text.

#2nd
Determine the meaning of words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 2 topic or subject area.

#3rd
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 3 topic or subject area.

#4th
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in a text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.

#5th
Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic or subject area.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.5

#K
Identify the front cover, back cover, and title page of a book.

#1st
Know and use various text features (e.g., headings, tables of contents, glossaries, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text.

#2nd
Know and use various text features (e.g., captions, bold print, subheadings, glossaries, indexes, electronic menus, icons) to locate key facts or information in a text efficiently.

#3rd
Use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate information relevant to a given topic efficiently.

#4th
Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in a text or part of a text.

#5th
Compare and contrast the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.6

#K
Name the author and illustrator of a text and define the role of each in presenting the ideas or information in a text.

#1st
Distinguish between information provided by pictures or other illustrations and information provided by the words in a text.

#2nd
Identify the main purpose of a text, including what the author wants to answer, explain, or describe.

#3rd
Distinguish their own point of view from that of the author of a text.

#4th
Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in focus and the information provided.

#5th
Analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent.

#Integration of Knowledge and Ideas:

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.7

#K
With prompting and support, describe the relationship between illustrations and the text in which they appear (e.g., what person, place, thing, or idea in the text an illustration depicts).

#1st
Use the illustrations and details in a text to describe its key ideas.

#2nd
Explain how specific images (e.g., a diagram showing how a machine works) contribute to and clarify a text.

#3rd
Use information gained from illustrations (e.g., maps, photographs) and the words in a text to demonstrate understanding of the text (e.g., where, when, why, and how key events occur).

#4th
Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on Web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the text in which it appears.

#5th
Draw on information from multiple print or digital sources, demonstrating the ability to locate an answer to a question quickly or to solve a problem efficiently.

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.8

#K
With prompting and support, identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.

#1st
Identify the reasons an author gives to support points in a text.

#2nd
Describe how reasons support specific points the author makes in a text.

#3rd
Describe the logical connection between particular sentences and paragraphs in a text (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third in a sequence).

#4th
Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text.

#5th
Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text, identifying which reasons and evidence support which point(s).

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.9

#K
With prompting and support, identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

#1st
Identify basic similarities in and differences between two texts on the same topic (e.g., in illustrations, descriptions, or procedures).

#2nd
Compare and contrast the most important points presented by two texts on the same topic.

#3rd
Compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic.

#4th
Integrate information from two texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

#5th
Integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.

#Range of Reading and Level of Text Complexity:

#CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RI.10

#K
Actively engage in group reading activities with purpose and understanding.

#1st
With prompting and support, read informational texts appropriately complex for grade 1.

#2nd
By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 2-3 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

#3rd
By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 2-3 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

#4th
By the end of year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, in the grades 4-5 text complexity band proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.

#5th
By the end of the year, read and comprehend informational texts, including history/social studies, science, and technical texts, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently.

#Reading: Foundational Skills

#Print Concepts:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.1

#K
Demonstrate understanding of the organization and basic features of print.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.A

Follow words from left to right, top to bottom, and page by page.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.B

Recognize that spoken words are represented in written language by specific sequences of letters.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.C

Understand that words are separated by spaces in print.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.1.D
Recognize and name all upper- and lowercase letters of the alphabet.

#1st

#2nd

#3rd

#4th

#5th

#Phonological Awareness:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.2

#K
Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes).

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.A

Recognize and produce rhyming words.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.B

Count, pronounce, blend, and segment syllables in spoken words.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.C
Blend and segment onsets and rimes of single-syllable spoken words.

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.D
Isolate and pronounce the initial, medial vowel, and final sounds (phonemes) in three-phoneme (consonant-vowel-consonant, or CVC) words.1 (This does not include CVCs ending with /l/, /r/, or /x/.)

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.K.2.E
Add or substitute individual sounds (phonemes) in simple, one-syllable words to make new words.

#1st

#2nd

#3rd

#4th

#5th

#Phonics and Word Recognition:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.3

#K

#1st

#2nd

#3rd

#4th

#5th

#Fluency:

CCSS.ELA-LITERACY.RF.4

#K

#1st

#2nd

#3rd

#4th

#5th

#Writing

#Speaking & Listening