Chapter 2
“Britain and its colonies”

Proprietary colony

owned by one person
ex maryland owned by lord baltimore

royal colony

colonies ruled by governor and council appointed by king of England
still owned by britain

Headright System

to entice englishmen to come to VIRGINIA

giving settlers 2 tracts of land
giving new settlers 1 tract of land
(tempting for whole families)

Jamestown/Va company

joint-stock trading company
1607 settled jamestown


Separatist puritans

Congregationalist Puritans

Mayflower compact

1620s Plymouth colony
“civil body politic”
almost a constitution
representative democracy
written by separatists

chapter 3
Colonial Ways of life

indentured servant

2-7 years of labor for land in new world or just the price of voyage
especially in jamestown

Triangular Trade

US —> Europe

US—> west indies

West indies—> Euro

US—> Africa

Africa—> West Indies


What 1700s

intellectual movement that challenges tradition / religious belief


Scientific Revolution (1500s-1700s)


in colonies

Benjamin Franklin

indentured servant to his brother’s printing company

Great Awakeing

What 1700s-1730s-1750s

Religious movement responding to Enlightenment (that challenged puritan establishment)


Jonathan Edwards

1741 “sinners in the hands of an angry god”

#Chapter 4- “From Colonies to States”



Mercantilism/Mercantile System

nation building wealth at expense of its colonies

Navigation Acts

1651-1678 England tightening control of colonies’ trade to increase English revenue

Albany Plan of Union/ Albany Congress

1754 Albany congress

1754 Albany plan of Union

The French and Indian War

(1754-1763) english vs french in america


Treaty of Paris (1763)

ended the Seven years war and french and indian war

Proclamation of 1763

royal proclamation to American colonies to prevent colonists from settling past the appalachian mountains


Sons of Liberty

Boston Massacre

Boston Tea Party

Continental Congress

First Continental Congress 1774

Thomas Paine’s Common Sense

Shaping a federal Union

Shay’s rebellion

Great Compromise

3/5 Compromise

Separation of powers/ checks and balances

Federalists vs. antifederalists

The federalist papers

#Chapter 7-The Federalist Era:

George Washington (President: 1789-1797) and John Adams (President: 1797-1801)


Who were the Federalists?

Reports on Public Credit (1790-1791)

What was it?

Reports on Manufacturers

What was it?

National Bank


Jay’s Treaty (1794)

What was it?

Whiskey Rebellion (1794)

Pinckney’s Treaty (1795)

Primary Source: Washington’s Farewell Address (1796)

XYZ Affair (1797)

Alien and Sedition Acts (1798)

Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions (1798)

#Chapter 8-The Early Republic: Republicans/Anti-Federalists:

Thomas Jefferson (President: 1801-1809) and James Madison (President: 1809-1817)


“Revolution of 1800”

“wise and frugal” government: from Jefferson’s first Inaugural Address (1801)

Primary Source: Marbury vs. Madison case (1803)

& the establishment of “Judicial Review” in the Supreme Court

Louisiana Purchase (1803)

War of 1812

“War Hawks”

Treaty of Ghent (December 1814)

Chapter 9
The dynamics of growth

Erie canal

Robert fulton/ Steamboat

Steam Railway/ Railroad

Clipper ship

a ship with lots of sails

Eli Whitney/ cotton gin

created in 1792/93
increased demand for slaves to pick the cotton in south
encouraged expansion in south / southwest

Lowell System

Potato famine/blight

Irish potato famine (1845)


Know-Nothing party

chapter 10
Nationalism and sectionalism

Henry clay/ “American System”

Transcontinental Treaty (Adams-Onis Treaty)

Missouri Compromise

Monroe doctrine

chapter 12
The old south

“King cotton”


Domestic slave trade

Apologists(for slavery)

H. Manly was an apologist for slavery because he thought its benefitted the slaves lives and southern economy compared to the north (gave the poor irish too much hope)

Frederick Douglass


State’s rights vs strong central government

alien and sedition acts (fall of central)

whiskey rebellion (showed the govt power)

Foreign policy and its impact on US

acts by british

monroe doctrine

navigation acts

wars 1812, french and indian, seven years war

xyz affair

Territorial expansion and its impact on country and individual social groups

indian removal act

missouri compromise

Economic Expansion and impact on country and individual social groups