• Is It Unethical To Eat Meat? (1,000 - 2,000)

    Eating meat in the context of today in a developed country is unethical, it is unsustainable and cruel, while 4,000,000 animals are slaughtered every day (after fattening by heavily cultivated animal feed) 21,000 (www.poverty.com) die of hunger a day. 65% of grain is used for farm animals who outnumber people 65 to 1 (Keegan, 2010). Milk is thrown away to gain competition in an over saturated market. We’ve moved from hunter gatherers to agriculture to industrial farming inducing monoculture. Maize and corn cover fertile land for farm animal feed. American alone murders 10,000,000,000,000 land animals and 18,000,000,000,000 marine animals without out mercy not for health, sustenance or self defence but habit, tradition, convenience and taste. Misleading graphics on packaging of sunny grassy fields and words like ‘natural’ or ‘free roaming’ show the lack of transparency in the animal food industry and the public’s distaste for its methods of production. Kant argues that meat is a means to an end, this is no longer the case, and all our nutrients can be accessed and achieved without meat. People do argue that the one pair of blunted canine teeth we have is enough to grant us a natural footing for meat eating but the rest of our set are flat herbivore teeth. Calcium neutralises animal protein
    Do we eat meat simply because we have a taste for it? People rally against others with a taste for fox hunting, a system that has temporary cruelness for a largely free animal but farmed animals have been taken of their freedom and raised for slaughter. All animals we eat, free roaming or not end up in a house of slaughter, is there humane slaughter? Psychological and physical abuse, torture, dismemberment and murder. Massacre of innocent beings.
    Land use in cultivating land animals according to a report by the Food and Agriculture Organization is 26% of ice-free terrestrial surface of the planet; that’s a quarter of liveable Earth livestock - it’s the single largest anthropogenic user of land. Beyond the fact that much of this land was once forest before being converted to pasture, over 20% of the pastureland in the world are degraded to some extent by overgrazing, compaction and erosion. All of these processes release carbon to the atmosphere, and reduce the potential for restoring this carbon in the future. The UN urged a vegan diet to curb global warming - 1 acre of land produces 250lbs of meat compared to 30,000 lbs of carrots, 40,0000lbs of potatoes and 50,0000lbs of tomatoes (Yourofsky, 2010). We would be using less land and destroying less habitat if we ate crops directly instead of processing them through animals then eating their carcass. instead cultivating corn, wheat, oats and soy to transport it to farmed animals process is through their body for us to eat. We can use that quarter piece of the earth to . The population of earth exceeds the option for free range farms as any cow uses 12.9lb of grain to produce a pound of meat (Engel, 2000) and 2,500 gallons of water (Nelson, 2012); the subsidised beef industry promotes a conservative figure, under one study, of around 500 gallons. In the USA, 95% of soy is animal feed, tofu takes 200-300gallons per lb (Boehrer, 2014), a protein source of 8g to a lb compared to 14g to a lb of beef, this promotes a varied diet of nuts, beans and vegetables, reducing monoculture. As industrial farming rises and meat prices drop, land is taken away from cultivation of less competative grains and vegetables. Vegetable prices go up, protein is a dense nutrient sufficient to stave hunger so vegetables are ignored, and it is common for children and adults to not know the names and uses of many vegetables, consequently many health problems follow - in eating meat we are not only destroying animals and earth, we are harming ourselves and each other. The US subsidises Haiti to grow rice, potentially animal feed, 60% of Haiti’s imports for the rest of their food produce come from the US (Haiti Grassroots Watch, 2013).

    http://www.earth-policy.org/plan_b_updates/2013/update114
    Farmed fish production overtakes beef, farmed fish are born without freedom and are associated with a high rate of disease and parasites, which can spread to the wild, and also with the damage and destruction of habitats.
    Line-caught methods catch fish by towing a lure or baited hook behind a slow-moving boat. Streamers and buoys are often used to deter birds, who can be attracted to the bait. It’s recognised as a sustainable method because it avoids the by-catch associated with large-scale trawling nets, and makes it harder to overfish but there is no humane way to kill fish they either internally combust from pressure being dragged above sea level and or suffocate or lie suffocating until they’re sliced open and gutted.
    Free-range and organic farming methods are no exception, the land and animals are still victims of owner ship. Animals, like humans, should not be viewed purely as economic commodities but male dairy calves, useless to the dairy industry, are usually killed at birth. The same fate awaits new born male chicks in egg farms and hens that cannot lay the unnaturally high number of eggs their industry demands. To cut costs, newly-hatched male chicks are often thrown into plastic bags to suffocate or are tossed into a feed grinder while still alive (Engebretson, 2006). Female chicks are debeaked without anesthetic to stop pecking, what they’re naturally compelled to do - ‘pecking order’ where our idiom comes from. Many people are not aware that dairy cows are separated from their calves just days after they are born so humans can drink their milk (Owen, 2001). Rennet An enzyme used as the first step in making cheese, to curdle the milk and coagulate the casein in it, derived by soaking the fourth stomach of a milk-fed calf in brine.

  • Farmed fish production overtakes beef

  • The free range fallacy – the minimum requirements for free range are For poultry raised for meat, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), defines free-range and free-roaming for labeling purposes as having “access to the outdoors.” The USDA generally “relies upon producer testimonials to support the accuracy of these claims.” However, the lack of routine verification of these “testimonials” enables producers to stretch the definition of these terms.
    Under the EU rules for free-range production, nine hens can be crammed into every square metre of floor space.
    Outside, the farmer must have at least 10,000 square metres of space for every 2,500 hens. But there are no rules to say how often the birds must visit the outside world. That’s up to the farmer. Under Soil Association rules, organic egg units can have a maximum of 2,000 birds in a flock and six birds in each square metre inside. They also get more access to the outdoors than non-organic free-range birds. (Derbyshire, 2013)
    Non-free-range and orgnic farming methods Anitbiotics
    The overuse of antibiotics in livestock operations can lead to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, threatening both human and animal health.
    we are advised by NHS to not wash chicken as it might contaminate our house. The
    When we get into superiority we get into discrimination. Human supremacists believe we are superior because we have a large population, live longer, create art, build cities and walk up right clearly civilised birds.
    some apes have
    chimpanzees and birds use tools
    The USA spent $1.63trillion on defence in 2010, even if you spent $1million every day since the proposed date of Jesus’ birth $734,380,000,000
    Are animals conscious of their suffering? Dogs, pigs and rats are of close equal intelligence with the latter being the most but only dogs are marketed enough to be alleviated from slaughter or disgust in the Western world. Hierarchies of intelligence shouldn’t be assumed – comatose or severely mentally disabled persons are less likely to be mistreated and we should extend our compassion to all living things. It is morally corrupt and uninventive to see living things a means to an end, as merely objects. Professor Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson said in an article about research done for his book, The Pig Who Sang To The Moon., “A pig could be as devoted, as affectionate, as good a companion, as a dog, given half a chance. Chickens, like many birds, could form close bonds with a human who took the time to get to know these fascinating animals. Sheep, who had been dismissed as stupid animals, turned out to have remarkable discriminating powers, allowing them to recognize, know and have feelings about two hundred other sheep. Goats were as individualistic and as mysterious and complex as cats, and when permitted could live in delightful harmony with humans.” rice genes
    Why are we subsidising the meat industry what change ecology It is not necessary to eat meat and we cannot afford to promote this industry so what are the ethical alternatives? Nuts, seeds, legumes, avocadoes, spinach, Fetishizing quinoa,
    iron, calcium, protein, omega 3, b12 and probiotic fallacy
    Iron - men 8mg while women 18mg. 1tsp spirulina is 5mg Tofu (1/2 cup): 6.6 mg
    Spirulina (1 tsp): 5 mg
    Cooked soybeans (1/2 cup): 4.4 mg
    Pumpkin seeds (1 ounce): 4.2 mg
    Quinoa (4 ounces): 4 mg
    Blackstrap molasses (1 tbsp): 4 mg
    Tomato paste (4 ounces): 3.9 mg
    White beans (1/2 cup) 3.9 mg
    Dried apricots (1 cup): 3.5 mg
    Cooked spinach (1/2 cup): 3.2 mg
    Dried peaches (6 halves): 3.1 mg
    Prune juice (8 ounces): 3 mg
    Lentils (4 ounces): 3 mg
    Peas (1 cup): 2.1 mg
    Read more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/12-top-vegan-iron-sources.html#ixzz3TM2HKWoV
    while 1lb/450g of beef is 7.4mg iron
    calcium - we need around 1100mg of calcium per day and 1 cup produces hemp milk 460mg while cows milk gives 300mg. Collard greens give 350mg per cup. Plant-based calcium sources contain vitamins C and K and the minerals potassium and magnesium, which are all important for bone health.
    http://www.care2.com/greenliving/25-vegan-sources-for-calcium.html#ixzz3TM0xyHVe
    http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/25/calcium-food-sources_n_1451010.html
    protein
    omega 3
    Adults need approximately 0.0015mg a day of vitamin B12.
    protein

  • +Average US driver switching from a typical American car to a fuel-effecient hybrid saves 1 ton of carbon per year.
    +Average US consumer switching from a typical American diet to a vegan diet with the same number of calories saves 1.5 tons of carbon per year. [Eshel G and PA Martin, 2006, Diet, energy and global warming. Earth interaction. In press.]

    +70% of US grain fed to animals.
    6lb of grain to produce 1lb of meat protein.

    +grain used for making ethonal in 07/08 100million tons worldwide
    +grain used for feeding animals in 07/08
    756 million tons worldwide (note that soy and other non-grain animal feed is not included in this figure)
    [UN Food and Agriculture Organization Crop Prospects and Food Situation, April 2008 www.fao.org/docrep/010/ai465e/ai465e04.htm]

{"cards":[{"_id":"519ef15f0222547e47000049","treeId":"519eeff50222547e47000046","seq":1850088,"position":2,"parentId":null,"content":"\nIs It Unethical To Eat Meat? (1,000 - 2,000)\n\nEating meat in the context of today in a developed country is unethical, it is unsustainable and cruel, while 4,000,000 animals are slaughtered every day (after fattening by heavily cultivated animal feed) 21,000 (www.poverty.com) die of hunger a day. 65% of grain is used for farm animals who outnumber people 65 to 1 (Keegan, 2010). Milk is thrown away to gain competition in an over saturated market. We’ve moved from hunter gatherers to agriculture to industrial farming inducing monoculture. Maize and corn cover fertile land for farm animal feed. American alone murders 10,000,000,000,000 land animals and 18,000,000,000,000 marine animals without out mercy not for health, sustenance or self defence but habit, tradition, convenience and taste. Misleading graphics on packaging of sunny grassy fields and words like ‘natural’ or ‘free roaming’ show the lack of transparency in the animal food industry and the public’s distaste for its methods of production. Kant argues that meat is a means to an end, this is no longer the case, and all our nutrients can be accessed and achieved without meat. People do argue that the one pair of blunted canine teeth we have is enough to grant us a natural footing for meat eating but the rest of our set are flat herbivore teeth. Calcium neutralises animal protein\nDo we eat meat simply because we have a taste for it? People rally against others with a taste for fox hunting, a system that has temporary cruelness for a largely free animal but farmed animals have been taken of their freedom and raised for slaughter. All animals we eat, free roaming or not end up in a house of slaughter, is there humane slaughter? Psychological and physical abuse, torture, dismemberment and murder. Massacre of innocent beings. \nLand use in cultivating land animals according to a report by the Food and Agriculture Organization is 26% of ice-free terrestrial surface of the planet; that’s a quarter of liveable Earth livestock - it’s the single largest anthropogenic user of land. Beyond the fact that much of this land was once forest before being converted to pasture, over 20% of the pastureland in the world are degraded to some extent by overgrazing, compaction and erosion. All of these processes release carbon to the atmosphere, and reduce the potential for restoring this carbon in the future. The UN urged a vegan diet to curb global warming - 1 acre of land produces 250lbs of meat compared to 30,000 lbs of carrots, 40,0000lbs of potatoes and 50,0000lbs of tomatoes (Yourofsky, 2010). We would be using less land and destroying less habitat if we ate crops directly instead of processing them through animals then eating their carcass. instead cultivating corn, wheat, oats and soy to transport it to farmed animals process is through their body for us to eat. We can use that quarter piece of the earth to . The population of earth exceeds the option for free range farms as any cow uses 12.9lb of grain to produce a pound of meat (Engel, 2000) and 2,500 gallons of water (Nelson, 2012); the subsidised beef industry promotes a conservative figure, under one study, of around 500 gallons. In the USA, 95% of soy is animal feed, tofu takes 200-300gallons per lb (Boehrer, 2014), a protein source of 8g to a lb compared to 14g to a lb of beef, this promotes a varied diet of nuts, beans and vegetables, reducing monoculture. As industrial farming rises and meat prices drop, land is taken away from cultivation of less competative grains and vegetables. Vegetable prices go up, protein is a dense nutrient sufficient to stave hunger so vegetables are ignored, and it is common for children and adults to not know the names and uses of many vegetables, consequently many health problems follow - in eating meat we are not only destroying animals and earth, we are harming ourselves and each other. The US subsidises Haiti to grow rice, potentially animal feed, 60% of Haiti’s imports for the rest of their food produce come from the US (Haiti Grassroots Watch, 2013). \n\n\nhttp://www.earth-policy.org/plan_b_updates/2013/update114\nFarmed fish production overtakes beef, farmed fish are born without freedom and are associated with a high rate of disease and parasites, which can spread to the wild, and also with the damage and destruction of habitats. \nLine-caught methods catch fish by towing a lure or baited hook behind a slow-moving boat. Streamers and buoys are often used to deter birds, who can be attracted to the bait. It's recognised as a sustainable method because it avoids the by-catch associated with large-scale trawling nets, and makes it harder to overfish but there is no humane way to kill fish they either internally combust from pressure being dragged above sea level and or suffocate or lie suffocating until they’re sliced open and gutted. \nFree-range and organic farming methods are no exception, the land and animals are still victims of owner ship. Animals, like humans, should not be viewed purely as economic commodities but male dairy calves, useless to the dairy industry, are usually killed at birth. The same fate awaits new born male chicks in egg farms and hens that cannot lay the unnaturally high number of eggs their industry demands. To cut costs, newly-hatched male chicks are often thrown into plastic bags to suffocate or are tossed into a feed grinder while still alive (Engebretson, 2006). Female chicks are debeaked without anesthetic to stop pecking, what they’re naturally compelled to do - ‘pecking order’ where our idiom comes from. Many people are not aware that dairy cows are separated from their calves just days after they are born so humans can drink their milk (Owen, 2001). Rennet An enzyme used as the first step in making cheese, to curdle the milk and coagulate the casein in it, derived by soaking the fourth stomach of a milk-fed calf in brine. \n"},{"_id":"519ef5dc0222547e4700004b","treeId":"519eeff50222547e47000046","seq":1855532,"position":1,"parentId":"519ef15f0222547e47000049","content":"Farmed fish production overtakes beef"},{"_id":"519f04b985d6b3550300000a","treeId":"519eeff50222547e47000046","seq":1850089,"position":1,"parentId":"519ef5dc0222547e4700004b","content":"The free range fallacy – the minimum requirements for free range are For poultry raised for meat, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), defines free-range and free-roaming for labeling purposes as having “access to the outdoors.” The USDA generally “relies upon producer testimonials to support the accuracy of these claims.” However, the lack of routine verification of these “testimonials” enables producers to stretch the definition of these terms.\nUnder the EU rules for free-range production, nine hens can be crammed into every square metre of floor space.\nOutside, the farmer must have at least 10,000 square metres of space for every 2,500 hens. But there are no rules to say how often the birds must visit the outside world. That’s up to the farmer. Under Soil Association rules, organic egg units can have a maximum of 2,000 birds in a flock and six birds in each square metre inside. They also get more access to the outdoors than non-organic free-range birds. (Derbyshire, 2013)\nNon-free-range and orgnic farming methods Anitbiotics\nThe overuse of antibiotics in livestock operations can lead to antibiotic-resistant bacteria, threatening both human and animal health.\nwe are advised by NHS to not wash chicken as it might contaminate our house. The\nWhen we get into superiority we get into discrimination. Human supremacists believe we are superior because we have a large population, live longer, create art, build cities and walk up right clearly civilised birds.\nsome apes have\nchimpanzees and birds use tools\nThe USA spent $1.63trillion on defence in 2010, even if you spent $1million every day since the proposed date of Jesus’ birth $734,380,000,000\nAre animals conscious of their suffering? Dogs, pigs and rats are of close equal intelligence with the latter being the most but only dogs are marketed enough to be alleviated from slaughter or disgust in the Western world. Hierarchies of intelligence shouldn’t be assumed – comatose or severely mentally disabled persons are less likely to be mistreated and we should extend our compassion to all living things. It is morally corrupt and uninventive to see living things a means to an end, as merely objects. Professor Jeffrey Moussaieff Masson said in an article about research done for his book, The Pig Who Sang To The Moon., “A pig could be as devoted, as affectionate, as good a companion, as a dog, given half a chance. Chickens, like many birds, could form close bonds with a human who took the time to get to know these fascinating animals. Sheep, who had been dismissed as stupid animals, turned out to have remarkable discriminating powers, allowing them to recognize, know and have feelings about two hundred other sheep. Goats were as individualistic and as mysterious and complex as cats, and when permitted could live in delightful harmony with humans.” rice genes\nWhy are we subsidising the meat industry what change ecology It is not necessary to eat meat and we cannot afford to promote this industry so what are the ethical alternatives? Nuts, seeds, legumes, avocadoes, spinach, Fetishizing quinoa,\niron, calcium, protein, omega 3, b12 and probiotic fallacy\nIron - men 8mg while women 18mg. 1tsp spirulina is 5mg Tofu (1/2 cup): 6.6 mg\nSpirulina (1 tsp): 5 mg\nCooked soybeans (1/2 cup): 4.4 mg\nPumpkin seeds (1 ounce): 4.2 mg\nQuinoa (4 ounces): 4 mg\nBlackstrap molasses (1 tbsp): 4 mg\nTomato paste (4 ounces): 3.9 mg\nWhite beans (1/2 cup) 3.9 mg\nDried apricots (1 cup): 3.5 mg\nCooked spinach (1/2 cup): 3.2 mg\nDried peaches (6 halves): 3.1 mg\nPrune juice (8 ounces): 3 mg\nLentils (4 ounces): 3 mg\nPeas (1 cup): 2.1 mg\nRead more: http://www.care2.com/greenliving/12-top-vegan-iron-sources.html#ixzz3TM2HKWoV\nwhile 1lb/450g of beef is 7.4mg iron\ncalcium - we need around 1100mg of calcium per day and 1 cup produces hemp milk 460mg while cows milk gives 300mg. Collard greens give 350mg per cup. Plant-based calcium sources contain vitamins C and K and the minerals potassium and magnesium, which are all important for bone health.\nhttp://www.care2.com/greenliving/25-vegan-sources-for-calcium.html#ixzz3TM0xyHVe\nhttp://www.huffingtonpost.com/2012/04/25/calcium-food-sources_n_1451010.html\nprotein\nomega 3\nAdults need approximately 0.0015mg a day of vitamin B12.\nprotein"},{"_id":"519f12c685d6b3550300000b","treeId":"519eeff50222547e47000046","seq":1850158,"position":1,"parentId":"519f04b985d6b3550300000a","content":"+Average US driver switching from a typical American car to a fuel-effecient hybrid saves 1 ton of carbon per year.\n+Average US consumer switching from a typical American diet to a vegan diet with the same number of calories saves 1.5 tons of carbon per year. [Eshel G and PA Martin, 2006, Diet, energy and global warming. Earth interaction. In press.]\n\n+70% of US grain fed to animals.\n6lb of grain to produce 1lb of meat protein.\n\n+grain used for making ethonal in 07/08 100million tons worldwide\n+grain used for feeding animals in 07/08\n756 million tons worldwide (note that soy and other non-grain animal feed is not included in this figure)\n[UN Food and Agriculture Organization Crop Prospects and Food Situation, April 2008 www.fao.org/docrep/010/ai465e/ai465e04.htm]\n"}],"tree":{"_id":"519eeff50222547e47000046","name":"Is It Unethical To Eat Meat?","publicUrl":"is-it-unethical-to-eat-meat"}}