• Humanity 2.0 - Notes

  • Behind the scenes series

  • Data

  • Description

  • Domains

  • Economy

  • Energy

  • Funding

  • Jokes

  • Learning

  • Marketing

  • Notes

  • Outsourcing

  • People to contact

  • Philanthropy

  • Plan

  • Potential partners

  • Projects

  • Resource sites

  • Resources

  • Responses to difficult questions

  • Tech

  • Documenting involvement with others

  • Interview-style posts?

  • HU is an attempt to persuade humanity to adopt a better global socio-economic model, so we can sort out the world’s major problems before it’s too late.

    • We have a new model to support humanity
    • We have a realistic implementation plan
    • We will help those most in need as much as we can at every stage
    • We just need a little funding to get the ball rolling
  • hug

  • Phases

  • Crowdsourcing

  • Foundations

  • Others

  • hug.rip - give up (April Fool’s joke)

  • Articles

  • Article sites

  • Channels

  • Documentaries

  • People

  • Post messages on FB pages

  • Description

  • Argument against in computer simulation

  • Celebrities

  • Economists

  • Friends

  • Rich

  • Sociologists

  • Spiritual leaders

  • Donations

  • Education

  • Ideas

  • Investing

  • Microfinance

  • Lighting

  • Water

  • Innovation

  • Stock photos

  • Photos

  • cheap food

  • illegal things I’ve done

  • Graph db

  • Creating the first HuG Love photos

    • general explanation of the idea of HuG Love / using HuG as a marketing tool for the project
    • the thought processes behind it - people, colours, an easy way to unite people behing a common cause, hug = abrazo
    • the end photos and the behind-the-scenes photos that Indra took
    • story about Lucas ‘apurate’
    • reactions of the people helping
    • people’s reaction to the first photos
    • things that learned
      • need to be high up
      • better shoes
      • lighting for the sun
    • plans to take it further (kids in school, India, friends from around the world)
    • how it kickstarted the FB page
  • HuG Love photos with kids in local school

    • try to get 100 kids to do HuG Love photos
    • talking to them about the project, and trying to be an inspiration to them
      • show them the value of thinking about others and trying to help
      • encourage them to follow their dreams
      • being a cultural ambassador (to the kids and adults)
  • Getting the tone / organization of the project right

    • not come across too heavy
    • not try to create resentment
    • hit the right tone
    • right amount of info / well-presented
    • getting feedback from others
    • the process of involvement / listening to other
  • Preparation for the project

    • personal mental preparation
    • developing as a person - learning humility the hard way / being confronted with, accepting and trying to correct for one’s failings
    • waiting for technology to catch up
    • planning for marketing
    • not wanting to use investors
    • the world being ready
  • Long-term personal goals (of Marcus) for the project

    talk about :

    • balance between personal life / goals
    • plans for a family
    • place that want to live (what’s good for the project, personally and family)
  • Purchase virtual money

  • Payment system integrated with existing payment solutions

  • Online store

  • Sites

  • Video

  • Post

  • Rewards

  • Advertising

  • Business

  • Energy

  • Economics

  • Politics

  • Physics

  • Technology

  • The secret of the 7 sisters (doc?)

  • Zeitgeist

  • Plato (428-348 BC)

  • Aristotle (384-322 BC)

  • Boethius (480-524)

  • Adam Smith (1723-1790)

  • Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)

  • Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)

  • Karl Marx (1818-1883)

  • Friedrich Engels (1820-1895)

  • John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946)

  • John Nash (1928-2015)

  • Jacques Derrida (1930-2004)

  • David Harvey (1935-)

  • On homepage, give general intro, then ask the user to choose the areas of specific interest

    • Premise - infinity cannot exist in the real universe
      — Should be obvious

    • Assume that some highly advanced civilization could record position of each planck-length ‘spatial unit’ (PLSU) using one PLSU
      — Dubious, since it would likely require more volume to do so

    • If all PLSU’s are recorded, would require at least the size of the monitored universe (MU) just to map the MU

    • If not all recorded, but all are monitored (as would be necessary for it to work), the size would automatically be larger than the MU (since whatever system was monitoring would need to monitor all possible internal monitorings and dynamically create the appropriate responses, in real time) [NOTE: this might not be perfectly correct, but would still require something approaching the size of the MU at least)

    All created universes would need to be as large as the MU

    • If PL is the same in all parent universes, then follows from previous arguments
    • PL in child universes cannot be smaller than the original PL
    • If PL in child universes is bigger than parent PL, PL would increasingly become larger such that the laws of physics would need to be changed with each successive creation (in a way which would have to be mapped, since would not be from the parent universe, which would also require a created universe at least as large as the MU
      — if PL(child) = PL(parent)/2 - PL would become increasingly large
      — would still require increasing ‘matter’

    Eventually the original universe would be too small

    Since all child MU’s would need to be at least as large as the space they monitor (regardless of the model used for creating a child universe), there would be a number of created universes for which the original universe would be too small, or not have enough ‘usable material’ (matter/energy in our universe would be one part of this)

    NOTE: the argument could be made for matter / energy / space (or equivalent analogies in parent universes)

    FINAL NOTE:

    This does not mean that we are NOT in a simulation, but it makes the chances low that we are in a depth of a very high number of them

  • Bob Geldof

  • Bono

  • Michael Moore

  • Alex Griffin de Leon

  • Jorge

  • Azim Premji - Indian business man

  • Bill Gates

  • Elon Musk

  • Warren Buffett

  • Pacto Mundial Consciente (HuG Love) / Paramadvaiti Swami, Vandana Shiva

  • Agriculture / Farming

  • Fog harvesting

  • Water containers

  • Water extractors

  • Water pumps

  • Croudfunding

  • Animals - horses

  • Concepts - Beginning of an adventure

  • Concepts - Future in our hands

  • Concepts - Love

  • Concepts - Success

  • Concepts - Time for change

  • Concepts - Upgrade

  • Education - Letters of the alphabet

  • Energy - Windfarms

  • Feet

  • Flowers

  • Food - Cooking

  • People - Children

  • People - General

  • People - Portraits

  • People - Working

  • e.g. pasta + pate + ketchup + eggs + oil + sal + pepper + water

  • Ideas to help people

    • find other organizations
    • work out some general basic ideas
    • adapt to each place
    • test the food, obviously
    • think about cooking times - gas is expensive
    • provide a phone no. to contact in each area
    • find people who want to be a point of contact in each area
    • give proper institutional support to them
    • adapt to local differences
    • have days to show homeless people how to cook such things
  • Amazon integration

  • Introduction to economic model

  • Diagrams of the different stages, and say that are at looking for funding for stage 1 (and if successful will be able to implement stage 2 as well)

    • virtual currency (give more for higher amounts invested)
    • special deals for businesses (amounts that they’ll gain by selling their goods in the marketplace)
    • t-shirts, hats, bracelets etc
    • special certificates
    • special bronze medals etc
    • for huge amounts,
  • Facebook page boosts

  • Online business trends

  • Bio-fuels

  • Companies with good practices

  • Solar

  • Fall of capitalism

  • Trump / Brexit

  • Astrophysics

  • Processors

  • The Wealth of Nations

  • The German Ideology - Part I (1845-6, pub 1932)

  • Communist Manifesto (1848)

  • Capital - Volume I (1867)

  • The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money

    • Africa

    • India

    • Promote projects that provide potential solutions with viable products on Indiegogo / Kickstarter etc

    • movement in each city etc to work out a way to locally each well, but cheaply - employ chefs to look around, and find recipes for eating well (enough) on little money

      • Have phrase / info at top and link to IGG page

      • Try different phrases / info to see what seems to work best

      • Think about targeting different countries

      • Help fund the first phase of a new global economic system for the benefit of all humanity - and receive up to 15x your investment

      • Bio-fuels 7.7% of market

      • Close to being able to compete on mass scale in the market

      • Ethanol -> ethylene -> polyethylene

      • Brazil - popular - big scale

      • Oil prices bouncing from very high to very low for 150 years

      • Use up land for food production

      • 10% of world’s liquid fuel - 30% of year’s worth of energy in world today

      • Don’t typically reduce carbon emissions

      • Burning biofuels releases more greenhouse gases for energy than fossil fuels

      • Some do help (see article)

      • DC in Cheyenne Wyoming to run entirely off wind power

      • 3 wind farms - 2 in Kansas and 1 in Wyoming

      • Aims: Microsoft (44%), Amazon (40%), Google (35%) by end of year

      • 5% errors

      • Reached limits of quantum dots

      • Co-authored by Friedrich Engels

      • Co-authored by Friedrich Engels

      • “For a ruthless criticism of everything existing”

      • Conceptual blocks in Capital

      • Should read book in Marx’s terms

      • First few chapters particularly arduous

      • Read through Capital many times (every year?)

      • Changes style in different sections

      • Part 1 : Commodities and Money

      • Scandinavia / Canada might be especially good

      • Dehydration process known since the 1920s

      • General

      • Take different radically different conceptual blocks and rub them together to make revolutionary fire - deconstruction

      • Adam Smith, Steward - commentaries

      • Political economy

      • German classical critical philosophy

      • Utopian socialist tradition

      • Prefaces - esp French edition (suggested that it shouuld come out as a feuilleton series)

      • Its method

      • The particular way he sets up his project

      • Engage with text in terms of meaning in own life

      • Chapter 1 : Commodities

      • Difference between Marx that wrote Das Kapital, and the earlier Marx

      • Largely an attack on contemporary German philosophy

      • Ideas drive history - predominant idea of the time - Spirit - Hegel

      • Repetitive, irritable, sarcastic rant

      • Co-authored with Engels, but main part written by Marx

      • Young Hegelians were concerned with the theological parts of Hegel - absolute spirit - phenomenology is like a picture of the evolution of consciousness

      • 6m45

      • late 18th, early 19th C

      • Mainly English, some French

      • Locke, Hobbes, Hume, Adam Smith, Ricardo, Malthus (negates), Stewart…

      • Three volumes - Theories of Surface Value

      • Deconstruction

      • What’s missing?

      • Stretches back to the Greeks

      • Wrote dissertation on Epicurus

      • Spinoza, Leibniz, Hagel, Kant…

      • Read Hagel before Marx and it’s easy

      • Primarily French, some English

      • Robert Owen, Thomas Moore

      • 1830s/40s French

      • Etienne Cabet - Icarians, US post 1848

      • Prudent, Saint Simon, Fourier (negation), Malthus (neg)

      • Very critical of the Utopians who want to create an ideal society ‘over there’ without any idea of how to get from here to there

      • Marx wanted to convert the utopian socialist project into a scientific socialist project

      • Can’t take English empiricism, needs to create a new scientific method - the three sections

      • Marx often draws from the utopians more than he wants to admit - dismisses them as part of failure of the 1948 revolution

      • Makes great use of Saint Simon, and by negation of Fourier, like negated Malthus (PE)

      • 1872 - Praised idea, as would be more accessible to the working class, which to him outweighs everything else - that is the good side of your suggestion - French impatient to come to a conclusion - first few chapters are particularly arduous

      • To understand how a capitalist mode of production works

      • Has in mind that it’ll be a huge project

      • Has to set up the conceptual apparatus to understand all the complexity that exists

      • Method of inquiry is different from his method of presentation

      • Method of inquiry starts with everything that’s going on - reality as experience it

      • In Capital, starts with his conclusions - the deep concepts

      • Starts with the concept of the commodity - not class struggle / money / labour

      • Also hard because setting up for all 3 volumes

      • All 3 volumes only about 1/8 of what he had in mind

      • Vol 1 just looking at the standpoint of production

      • Vol 2 - exchange

      • Vol 3 - crisis formation, rules of distribution, interest, rent, taxes

      • Marx’s use of dialectics - in dialects we find a completely different concept of analysis - hardly any causal language - nearly always says ‘this is dialectically related to that’ (inner relation, not a causal relation)

      • Section 1 : The two factors of a commodity - use value and value

      • Philosophy is largely a product of your social class

      • Could have been because he didn’t get a professorship

      • Attack on Hegel?

      • Human beings are products of their own time

      • Wrt history, like a collective understanding of humanity gradually understanding itself

        • Start with descriptions of reality by economists, by novelists…

        • Then search in that material for some simple, fundamental concepts - The Method of Descent

        • Then come back to the surface - behind the world of appearance, there’s another way to analyse it

        • Like Freud - pioneers it in social science

        • Lays them out very simply / directly

        • Ask yourself where everything comes from

        • Half the time you have no idea what he’s talking about

        • After a while understand what he means - Value Theory / Argument etc

          1. The general abstract determinants which attain more or less in all forms of society
          2. The categories that make up the inner structure of bourgeois society and on which the fundamental classes rest - capital, wage-labour, property, their inter-relation, town and country, he three great social classes - exchange between them, circulation, the credit system, private
          3. Concentration of bourgeois society in the form of the state, viewed in relation to itself - the unproductive classes, taxes, state debt, public credit, the population, the colonies, emigration
          4. The international relations of production, international division of labour, international exchange, export/import, rate of exchange
          5. The world market and crises
        • Never took up most of those topics

        • Talks about this in the postface to 2nd edition - OK I took some ideas from Hagel, but dialectical position absolutely opposite to it (revolutionized, not inverted it)

        • De-mystified the form of dialectic presented by Hagel (fashion in Germany) - why it was that he had to form it in such a way that it could take account of every historical developed form as being in a state of motion - had to reform it so it could grasp the transient aspects of a society as well

        • Does not let itself be impressed by anything

        • Use dialectical method to establish relations between elements in his system - in a way to capture fluidity / motion

        • Often talked about as a static, structural analyst - but he sees the movement

        • Best place to understand his dialectical method - Captial

        • Young kids are great at dialectics

        • Everything in motion - labour process, value does not exist unless it’s in motion, when things stop value stops, Bush on TV ad - get back in motion

        • Motion is substantiated in a capitalist mode of production

        • Analytical Marxism

        • Positive Marxism - causative

        • Core concepts

        • General comments

        • Examples

        • Discussions

        • Other comments

          • Commodity

          • Use value

          • Exchange value

          • Value (human labour)

          • Thing / process

          • Comparisons

          • “Appears”

          • Concerned only with the Capitalist mode of production

          • Presents his ideas like classical political economists - idealistic

          • Repeats himself a lot

          • Analysis that is not causal

          • Like Ricardo - labour time as value, difference ‘socially necessary’

          • Talking about values when supply and demand are in equilibrium

          • House - maybe has the same use value, and a residual exchange value, but that might change with a revolution in house-building

          • Concept of value would be different in hybrid system

          • What other types of value systems would want

          • Mistake in Socialism - take Marxist definition of value in a normalistic way

          • What is ‘socially necessary’ - different at different points in time in different places

          • Most of proletariat in the world are women

          • The commodity - good place to start- familiar to everyone, common denominator

          • Commodity - meets a human want or need

          • How many commodities are there - millions of them

          • Use value - abstracting, very fast

          • Brings use value back into value

          • Also ‘the material bearers of exchange value’

          • Exchange value appears to be something accidental and purely relative, consequently intrinsic value seems a contradiction

          • Exchange value must be reducible to this third thing - cannot be geometrical, physical, chemical, or other natural properties of commodities - not materialistic (cannot look at commodity to find its commensurability / exchangability)

          • Exchange value is a representation of its value - gap between the two

          • Have to view the value in motion

          • If forget use value, only one property remains - all the product of human labour + exchange value represents that quality - merely congealed quantities of homogenous human labour

          • Value is what is passed on the the process of commodity exchange (p127 ish)

          • Value is always in motion

          • Quantity is measured by the duration of the labour put into the thing - which has measures

          • Def (Value): Socially-necessary labour-time is the labour time required to produce any use value under the conditions of production normal for a given society, and with the average degree of intensity and skill of labour in that society

          • Value changes with productivity

          • A ‘thing’ is a representation of a process

          • The process is objectified by the thing

          • Capitalist mode of production sets up a certain mode of temporality

          • Total value of the labour of society - manifested in the world of commodities

          • Each of these units is the same as any other to the extent that it has the character of a socially average unit of labour power, and acts as such

          • Meaning of the objectification changes with time

          • Use value differs in quality, exchange value only in quantity - therefore exchange value does not come out of usefulness

          • If want use value of something, then can’t have exchange value - and vice-versa

          • Not is - something else going on

          • Can’t talk about any one of these concepts without talking about the other

          • Environmental value

          • But… value is inherent in capitalist mode of production

          • If want to have a different set of value, then have to overthrow a capitalist mode of production

          {"cards":[{"_id":"71200c4ba49a4971a400005b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015792,"position":0.15625,"parentId":null,"content":"<style>\n\n.card {\n padding: 0 15px;\n}\n\n.card h6 {\n font-size: 14px;\n padding: 0;\n margin: 0;\n}\n\n.card p {\n font-family: Arial, sans-serif;\n}\n\n.card h1#title {\n padding-bottom: 20px;\n border-bottom: 1px dotted #ddd;\n /*margin-bottom: 30px;*/\n}\n\n</style>\n\n<h1 id=\"title\">Humanity 2.0 - Notes</h1>"},{"_id":"71a69d2fac395ed1a8000095","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8866072,"position":0.160736083984375,"parentId":null,"content":"# Behind the scenes series"},{"_id":"71a6b855ac395ed1a800009d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8866061,"position":2.25,"parentId":"71a69d2fac395ed1a8000095","content":"# Documenting involvement with others"},{"_id":"71a69d7eac395ed1a8000096","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8866068,"position":0.5,"parentId":"71a6b855ac395ed1a800009d","content":"# Creating the first HuG Love photos\n\n- general explanation of the idea of HuG Love / using HuG as a marketing tool for the project\n- the thought processes behind it - people, colours, an easy way to unite people behing a common cause, hug = abrazo\n- the end photos and the behind-the-scenes photos that Indra took\n- story about Lucas 'apurate'\n- reactions of the people helping\n- people's reaction to the first photos\n- things that learned \n - need to be high up\n - better shoes\n - lighting for the sun\n- plans to take it further (kids in school, India, friends from around the world)\n- how it kickstarted the FB page"},{"_id":"71a6a69aac395ed1a8000097","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8866070,"position":1,"parentId":"71a6b855ac395ed1a800009d","content":"# HuG Love photos with kids in local school\n\n- try to get 100 kids to do HuG Love photos\n- talking to them about the project, and trying to be an inspiration to them\n - show them the value of thinking about others and trying to help\n - encourage them to follow their dreams\n - being a cultural ambassador (to the kids and adults)"},{"_id":"71a6b24aac395ed1a800009b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8865592,"position":2.5,"parentId":"71a69d2fac395ed1a8000095","content":"# Interview-style posts?"},{"_id":"71a6a849ac395ed1a8000098","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8866077,"position":1,"parentId":"71a6b24aac395ed1a800009b","content":"# Getting the tone / organization of the project right\n\n- not come across too heavy\n- not try to create resentment\n- hit the right tone\n- right amount of info / well-presented\n- getting feedback from others\n- the process of involvement / listening to other"},{"_id":"71a6afe8ac395ed1a800009a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8866059,"position":2,"parentId":"71a6b24aac395ed1a800009b","content":"# Preparation for the project\n\n- personal mental preparation\n- developing as a person - learning humility the hard way / being confronted with, accepting and trying to correct for one's failings\n- waiting for technology to catch up\n- planning for marketing\n- not wanting to use investors\n- the world being ready"},{"_id":"71a6ab75ac395ed1a8000099","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8866076,"position":3,"parentId":"71a6b24aac395ed1a800009b","content":"# Long-term personal goals (of Marcus) for the project\n\ntalk about :\n- balance between personal life / goals\n- plans for a family\n- place that want to live (what's good for the project, personally and family)"},{"_id":"72a62d388138cf99200001e4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055152,"position":0.16080474853515625,"parentId":null,"content":"# Data"},{"_id":"72a62d688138cf99200001e5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055154,"position":1,"parentId":"72a62d388138cf99200001e4","content":"[Unigraph](https://unigraph.io)"},{"_id":"72a5403c8138cf99200001e2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054873,"position":0.1608734130859375,"parentId":null,"content":"# Description"},{"_id":"72a540a28138cf99200001e3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054884,"position":1,"parentId":"72a5403c8138cf99200001e2","content":"HU is an attempt to persuade humanity to adopt a better global socio-economic model, so we can sort out the world's major problems before it's too late.\n\n- We have a new model to support humanity\n- We have a realistic implementation plan \n- We will help those most in need as much as we can at every stage\n- We just need a little funding to get the ball rolling\n\n"},{"_id":"71a1db69340307de6b00008e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8862203,"position":0.1610107421875,"parentId":null,"content":"# Domains"},{"_id":"71a1db96340307de6b00008f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8862205,"position":1,"parentId":"71a1db69340307de6b00008e","content":"# hug"},{"_id":"71c9b81946f2aca10500009f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8887828,"position":0.25,"parentId":"71a1db96340307de6b00008f","content":"# hug.ac\n\nhttp://http://www.onlydomains.com/ (humanityupgrade)"},{"_id":"71c9b94346f2aca1050000a0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8887829,"position":0.375,"parentId":"71a1db96340307de6b00008f","content":"# hug.ai\n\nhttp://http://www.onlydomains.com/ (humanityupgrade)"},{"_id":"71c9a61246f2aca10500009e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8887727,"position":0.5,"parentId":"71a1db96340307de6b00008f","content":"# hug.ec\n\nhttps://my.101domain.com ($80/yr)"},{"_id":"71a1dbe6340307de6b000090","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8862230,"position":1,"parentId":"71a1db96340307de6b00008f","content":"# hug.to\n\nhttps://register.to ($45/yr)"},{"_id":"72a4f7e28138cf99200001df","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054815,"position":0.16119384765625,"parentId":null,"content":"# Economy"},{"_id":"72a4f8aa8138cf99200001e0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054816,"position":1,"parentId":"72a4f7e28138cf99200001df","content":"Phases"},{"_id":"72a692518138cf99200001ec","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055380,"position":0.5,"parentId":"72a4f8aa8138cf99200001e0","content":"Purchase virtual money"},{"_id":"72a6929f8138cf99200001ed","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055382,"position":0.75,"parentId":"72a4f8aa8138cf99200001e0","content":"Payment system integrated with existing payment solutions"},{"_id":"72a4f8db8138cf99200001e1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055381,"position":1,"parentId":"72a4f8aa8138cf99200001e0","content":"Online store"},{"_id":"72a6931b8138cf99200001ee","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055383,"position":1,"parentId":"72a4f8db8138cf99200001e1","content":"Amazon integration"},{"_id":"72a690c68138cf99200001ea","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055392,"position":1,"parentId":"72a6931b8138cf99200001ee","content":"http://bytestand.com"},{"_id":"72a79a758138cf99200001f3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055637,"position":0.161285400390625,"parentId":null,"content":"# Energy"},{"_id":"72a79aa98138cf99200001f4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055640,"position":1,"parentId":"72a79a758138cf99200001f3","content":"[Nuclear waste -> diamonds](https://www.rt.com/uk/369020-nuclear-battery-diamond-scientists/)"},{"_id":"727716067b9a6296de0001b3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028959,"position":0.161376953125,"parentId":null,"content":"# Funding"},{"_id":"727716337b9a6296de0001b4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054098,"position":1,"parentId":"727716067b9a6296de0001b3","content":"Crowdsourcing"},{"_id":"72a3718b8138cf99200001cf","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054122,"position":1.5,"parentId":"727716337b9a6296de0001b4","content":"Sites"},{"_id":"727716657b9a6296de0001b5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054126,"position":1,"parentId":"72a3718b8138cf99200001cf","content":"[Indiegogo](http://indiegogo.org)"},{"_id":"72a371f48138cf99200001d0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054127,"position":1.75,"parentId":"727716337b9a6296de0001b4","content":"Video"},{"_id":"72a372148138cf99200001d1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054204,"position":1,"parentId":"72a371f48138cf99200001d0","content":"Introduction to economic model"},{"_id":"72a37eba8138cf99200001d8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054251,"position":1.875,"parentId":"727716337b9a6296de0001b4","content":"Post"},{"_id":"72a3a1168138cf99200001dd","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054252,"position":1,"parentId":"72a37eba8138cf99200001d8","content":"Diagrams of the different stages, and say that are at looking for funding for stage 1 (and if successful will be able to implement stage 2 as well)"},{"_id":"72a37f388138cf99200001d9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054231,"position":1.9375,"parentId":"727716337b9a6296de0001b4","content":"Rewards"},{"_id":"72a384398138cf99200001dc","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054250,"position":1,"parentId":"72a37f388138cf99200001d9","content":"- virtual currency (give more for higher amounts invested)\n- special deals for businesses (amounts that they'll gain by selling their goods in the marketplace)\n- t-shirts, hats, bracelets etc\n- special certificates\n- special bronze medals etc\n- for huge amounts, "},{"_id":"72a370068138cf99200001ce","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054132,"position":2,"parentId":"727716337b9a6296de0001b4","content":"Advertising"},{"_id":"72a373a68138cf99200001d2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054134,"position":1,"parentId":"72a370068138cf99200001ce","content":"Facebook page boosts"},{"_id":"72a376038138cf99200001d5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054205,"position":3,"parentId":"72a373a68138cf99200001d2","content":"Method"},{"_id":"72a3821b8138cf99200001da","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054237,"position":0.25,"parentId":"72a376038138cf99200001d5","content":"Have phrase / info at top and link to IGG page"},{"_id":"72a383718138cf99200001db","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054239,"position":0.375,"parentId":"72a376038138cf99200001d5","content":"Try different phrases / info to see what seems to work best"},{"_id":"72a373ee8138cf99200001d3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054234,"position":0.5,"parentId":"72a376038138cf99200001d5","content":"Think about targeting different countries"},{"_id":"72a374868138cf99200001d4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054238,"position":1,"parentId":"72a373ee8138cf99200001d3","content":"Scandinavia / Canada might be especially good"},{"_id":"72a3765c8138cf99200001d6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054235,"position":4,"parentId":"72a373a68138cf99200001d2","content":"Phrases"},{"_id":"72a376848138cf99200001d7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054791,"position":1,"parentId":"72a3765c8138cf99200001d6","content":"Help fund the first phase of a new global economic system for the benefit of all humanity - and receive up to 15x your investment"},{"_id":"727717547b9a6296de0001b6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054097,"position":2,"parentId":"727716067b9a6296de0001b3","content":"Foundations"},{"_id":"722791a1abcade393a0000af","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028991,"position":0.5,"parentId":"727717547b9a6296de0001b6","content":"[6 Foundations](http://www.intelligenthq.com/social-business-2/six-foundations-sponsoring-social-entrepreneurship/)"},{"_id":"727717817b9a6296de0001b7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028963,"position":1,"parentId":"727717547b9a6296de0001b6","content":"[Gates Foundation](http://www.gatesfoundation.org)"},{"_id":"7277224d7b9a6296de0001b8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9029014,"position":1,"parentId":"727717817b9a6296de0001b7","content":"[Grantseeker FAQ](http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/General-Information/Grantseeker-FAQ)"},{"_id":"727726ee7b9a6296de0001b9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9029030,"position":2,"parentId":"727717817b9a6296de0001b7","content":"[Grantees](http://www.gatesfoundation.org/How-We-Work/Quick-Links/Grants-Database)"},{"_id":"72278711abcade393a0000ad","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028978,"position":2,"parentId":"727717547b9a6296de0001b6","content":"[Omidyar Network](https://www.omidyar.com/contact)"},{"_id":"7227e475abcade393a0000b0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028981,"position":3,"parentId":"727717547b9a6296de0001b6","content":"[Echoing Green](http://www.echoinggreen.org/impact-investing) - just payback loan, no shares"},{"_id":"729d3d968138cf99200001be","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054096,"position":2.5,"parentId":"727716067b9a6296de0001b3","content":"Others"},{"_id":"729d3dc28138cf99200001bf","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9050976,"position":1,"parentId":"729d3d968138cf99200001be","content":"[Wellcome](https://wellcome.ac.uk/funding)"},{"_id":"71a2660f340307de6b000091","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8862359,"position":0.1617431640625,"parentId":null,"content":"# Jokes"},{"_id":"71a26640340307de6b000092","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8862360,"position":1,"parentId":"71a2660f340307de6b000091","content":"# hug.rip - give up (April Fool's joke)"},{"_id":"7268ff7dd8c60ebbb80000b6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013205,"position":0.1617889404296875,"parentId":null,"content":"# Learning"},{"_id":"717352ed9918a5499c00009a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016131,"position":0.503387451171875,"parentId":"7268ff7dd8c60ebbb80000b6","content":"## Articles"},{"_id":"726e718edd2c3fdfb300017e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017498,"position":0.0625,"parentId":"717352ed9918a5499c00009a","content":"Business"},{"_id":"726e71d6dd2c3fdfb300017f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017500,"position":1,"parentId":"726e718edd2c3fdfb300017e","content":"Online business trends"},{"_id":"726e722add2c3fdfb3000180","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017501,"position":1,"parentId":"726e71d6dd2c3fdfb300017f","content":"[Amazon sold $3.6B over Thanksgiving / Black Friday](http://www.profitconfidential.com/stock/amazon-com-inc-this-holiday-data-is-amazing-for-amzn-stock/?utm_source=idealmedia&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=nativeidealmedia)"},{"_id":"726e4c36dd2c3fdfb3000170","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017027,"position":0.25,"parentId":"717352ed9918a5499c00009a","content":"Energy"},{"_id":"726e5060dd2c3fdfb3000176","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016984,"position":0.5,"parentId":"726e4c36dd2c3fdfb3000170","content":"Bio-fuels"},{"_id":"726e388ddd2c3fdfb3000169","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016987,"position":1,"parentId":"726e5060dd2c3fdfb3000176","content":"[Bio-fuels to replace crude oil](http://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Biofuels/Biofuels-Stepping-Up-To-Replace-Petroleum-In-Plastic-Chemicals-Manufacturing.html)"},{"_id":"726e4101dd2c3fdfb300016a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016934,"position":1,"parentId":"726e388ddd2c3fdfb3000169","content":"Bio-fuels 7.7% of market"},{"_id":"726e4169dd2c3fdfb300016b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016940,"position":2,"parentId":"726e388ddd2c3fdfb3000169","content":"Close to being able to compete on mass scale in the market"},{"_id":"726e4425dd2c3fdfb300016c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016944,"position":3,"parentId":"726e388ddd2c3fdfb3000169","content":"Ethanol -> ethylene -> polyethylene"},{"_id":"726e4565dd2c3fdfb300016d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016952,"position":1,"parentId":"726e4425dd2c3fdfb300016c","content":"Dehydration process known since the 1920s"},{"_id":"726e460add2c3fdfb300016e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016950,"position":4,"parentId":"726e388ddd2c3fdfb3000169","content":"Brazil - popular - big scale"},{"_id":"726e4800dd2c3fdfb300016f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016954,"position":5,"parentId":"726e388ddd2c3fdfb3000169","content":"Oil prices bouncing from very high to very low for 150 years"},{"_id":"726ed8badd2c3fdfb300018b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017652,"position":2,"parentId":"726e5060dd2c3fdfb3000176","content":"[Bio-fuels not good replacement to fossil fuels](https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2015/jan/29/biofuels-are-not-the-green-alternative-to-fossil-fuels-they-are-sold-as) *"},{"_id":"726edadcdd2c3fdfb300018c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017640,"position":1,"parentId":"726ed8badd2c3fdfb300018b","content":"Use up land for food production"},{"_id":"726edb49dd2c3fdfb300018d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017649,"position":2,"parentId":"726ed8badd2c3fdfb300018b","content":"10% of world's liquid fuel - 30% of year's worth of energy in world today"},{"_id":"726edd76dd2c3fdfb300018e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017651,"position":3,"parentId":"726ed8badd2c3fdfb300018b","content":"Don't typically reduce carbon emissions"},{"_id":"726ee3d5dd2c3fdfb300018f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017655,"position":4,"parentId":"726ed8badd2c3fdfb300018b","content":"Burning biofuels releases more greenhouse gases for energy than fossil fuels"},{"_id":"726ee924dd2c3fdfb3000190","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017663,"position":5,"parentId":"726ed8badd2c3fdfb300018b","content":"Some do help (see article)"},{"_id":"726ef41fdd2c3fdfb3000191","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017667,"position":3,"parentId":"726e5060dd2c3fdfb3000176","content":"[Egyptian teenager discovers how to turn plastic bottles into biofuel](http://www.ibtimes.com.au/teenager-develops-inexpensive-method-turn-plastic-waste-million-dollar-biofuel-1462323)"},{"_id":"726e5848dd2c3fdfb3000178","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017508,"position":0.875,"parentId":"726e4c36dd2c3fdfb3000170","content":"Companies with good practices"},{"_id":"726e5936dd2c3fdfb3000179","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017022,"position":1,"parentId":"726e5848dd2c3fdfb3000178","content":"[Microsoft - wind farms to power datacenters](http://oilprice.com/Alternative-Energy/Wind-Power/Microsoft-Bets-Big-On-Wind.html)"},{"_id":"726e5c1cdd2c3fdfb300017b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017032,"position":1,"parentId":"726e5936dd2c3fdfb3000179","content":"DC in Cheyenne Wyoming to run entirely off wind power"},{"_id":"726e5cd7dd2c3fdfb300017c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017035,"position":2,"parentId":"726e5936dd2c3fdfb3000179","content":"3 wind farms - 2 in Kansas and 1 in Wyoming"},{"_id":"726e6071dd2c3fdfb300017d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017037,"position":3,"parentId":"726e5936dd2c3fdfb3000179","content":"Aims: Microsoft (44%), Amazon (40%), Google (35%) by end of year"},{"_id":"726e755ddd2c3fdfb3000181","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017502,"position":1.25,"parentId":"726e4c36dd2c3fdfb3000170","content":"Solar"},{"_id":"726e7595dd2c3fdfb3000182","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017506,"position":1,"parentId":"726e755ddd2c3fdfb3000181","content":"[Solar City roofs that cost less than traditional ones](http://www.profitconfidential.com/stock/elon-musk-roof-announcement-stuns-clean-energy-analysts/?utm_source=idealmedia&utm_medium=referral&utm_campaign=nativeidealmedia)"},{"_id":"726e8dccdd2c3fdfb3000184","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017544,"position":2,"parentId":"726e755ddd2c3fdfb3000181","content":"[Silicon to be replaced by super crystal in solar cells](https://oilprice.com/er/transcript/179) [(Video)](http://oilprice.com/er/video?utm_campaign=solar&utm_placement=opban&banner_id=3)"},{"_id":"726eba53dd2c3fdfb300018a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017608,"position":3,"parentId":"726e755ddd2c3fdfb3000181","content":"[Perovskites to replace silicon](https://cleantechnica.com/2016/03/24/new-perovskite-solar-cell-recycles-photons/)"},{"_id":"726e4fc3dd2c3fdfb3000175","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017010,"position":0.4375,"parentId":"717352ed9918a5499c00009a","content":"Economics"},{"_id":"7178ea9c9918a5499c0000a5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016980,"position":1,"parentId":"726e4fc3dd2c3fdfb3000175","content":"### Fall of capitalism"},{"_id":"7178eb0a9918a5499c0000a6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016988,"position":1,"parentId":"7178ea9c9918a5499c0000a5","content":"[Radical new economic system will emerge from capitalism](https://www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2014/nov/07/radical-new-economic-system-will-emerge-from-collapse-of-capitalism)"},{"_id":"7178eb209918a5499c0000a7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017005,"position":2,"parentId":"7178ea9c9918a5499c0000a5","content":"[Postcapitalism - end of capitalism begun](https://www.theguardian.com/books/2015/jul/17/postcapitalism-end-of-capitalism-begun)"},{"_id":"7178ebc99918a5499c0000a8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017006,"position":3,"parentId":"7178ea9c9918a5499c0000a5","content":"[Global future of work](https://medium.com/the-global-future-of-work/there-is-something-extraordinary-happening-10492495c715)"},{"_id":"726e4ce7dd2c3fdfb3000171","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016962,"position":0.625,"parentId":"717352ed9918a5499c00009a","content":"Politics"},{"_id":"726e4d7bdd2c3fdfb3000172","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016964,"position":1,"parentId":"726e4ce7dd2c3fdfb3000171","content":"Trump / Brexit"},{"_id":"717353299918a5499c00009b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016968,"position":1,"parentId":"726e4d7bdd2c3fdfb3000172","content":"[History tells us what will happen next with Brexit Trump](https://medium.com/@theonlytoby/history-tells-us-what-will-happen-next-with-brexit-trump-a3fefd154714#.tmomm9bor)"},{"_id":"717363669918a5499c00009c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016970,"position":2,"parentId":"726e4d7bdd2c3fdfb3000172","content":"[What Trump wants to do in first 100 days](http://www.npr.org/2016/11/09/501451368/here-is-what-donald-trump-wants-to-do-in-his-first-100-days)"},{"_id":"726e4e21dd2c3fdfb3000173","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016971,"position":1.8125,"parentId":"717352ed9918a5499c00009a","content":"Physics"},{"_id":"726e4e56dd2c3fdfb3000174","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016972,"position":1,"parentId":"726e4e21dd2c3fdfb3000173","content":"Astrophysics"},{"_id":"71747f479918a5499c0000a1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016978,"position":1,"parentId":"726e4e56dd2c3fdfb3000174","content":"[Emergent gravity and the dark universe](https://arxiv.org/abs/1611.02269)"},{"_id":"726e99c2dd2c3fdfb3000185","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017550,"position":3,"parentId":"717352ed9918a5499c00009a","content":"Technology"},{"_id":"726e99ebdd2c3fdfb3000186","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017552,"position":1,"parentId":"726e99c2dd2c3fdfb3000185","content":"Processors"},{"_id":"726e9a63dd2c3fdfb3000187","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017553,"position":1,"parentId":"726e99ebdd2c3fdfb3000186","content":"[Quantum dots could replace silicon](http://www.sciencealert.com/these-new-quantum-dot-crystals-could-replace-silicon-in-super-fast-next-gen-computers)"},{"_id":"726ea104dd2c3fdfb3000189","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017561,"position":0.5,"parentId":"726e9a63dd2c3fdfb3000187","content":"5% errors"},{"_id":"726ea0a4dd2c3fdfb3000188","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017559,"position":1,"parentId":"726e9a63dd2c3fdfb3000187","content":"Reached limits of quantum dots"},{"_id":"717378229918a5499c00009d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016157,"position":0.5050811767578125,"parentId":"7268ff7dd8c60ebbb80000b6","content":"## Article sites"},{"_id":"71eb24392fa1fea59d000189","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8928299,"position":0.5,"parentId":"717378229918a5499c00009d","content":"http://bigthink.com - nb contact people here?"},{"_id":"7173785c9918a5499c00009e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8928293,"position":1,"parentId":"717378229918a5499c00009d","content":"http://www.npr.org"},{"_id":"71737cbb9918a5499c00009f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8837116,"position":2,"parentId":"717378229918a5499c00009d","content":"http://skeptiko.com"},{"_id":"717449589918a5499c0000a0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8837259,"position":3,"parentId":"717378229918a5499c00009d","content":"http://phys.org"},{"_id":"71a5dcbcac395ed1a8000093","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016098,"position":0.50677490234375,"parentId":"7268ff7dd8c60ebbb80000b6","content":"## Channels"},{"_id":"71a5dceeac395ed1a8000094","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016100,"position":1,"parentId":"71a5dcbcac395ed1a8000093","content":"[Dictators](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rStL7niR7gs)"},{"_id":"7174f1539918a5499c0000a2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016032,"position":0.5135498046875,"parentId":"7268ff7dd8c60ebbb80000b6","content":"## Documentaries"},{"_id":"71753bbb9918a5499c0000a4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8837443,"position":0.5,"parentId":"7174f1539918a5499c0000a2","content":"### The secret of the 7 sisters (doc?)"},{"_id":"7174f1a59918a5499c0000a3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8837418,"position":1,"parentId":"7174f1539918a5499c0000a2","content":"### Zeitgeist"},{"_id":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015911,"position":0.527099609375,"parentId":"7268ff7dd8c60ebbb80000b6","content":"## People"},{"_id":"726a361df53a79f064000102","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015866,"position":0.5,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Plato (428-348 BC)"},{"_id":"726a3599f53a79f064000101","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015885,"position":2,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Aristotle (384-322 BC)"},{"_id":"726a34c6f53a79f064000100","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015890,"position":3,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Boethius (480-524)"},{"_id":"726905abd8c60ebbb80000ba","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015884,"position":6,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Adam Smith (1723-1790)"},{"_id":"726c34a9f53a79f064000155","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016225,"position":2,"parentId":"726905abd8c60ebbb80000ba","content":"The Wealth of Nations"},{"_id":"726c15c0f53a79f06400014f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015846,"position":7,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Immanuel Kant (1724-1804)"},{"_id":"726a38cff53a79f064000103","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015897,"position":7.5,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831)"},{"_id":"726bb851f53a79f064000144","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016222,"position":8.0625,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Karl Marx (1818-1883)"},{"_id":"726c7668f53a79f06400015f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016235,"position":0.25,"parentId":"726bb851f53a79f064000144","content":"The German Ideology - Part I (1845-6, pub 1932)"},{"_id":"726bb8b3f53a79f064000145","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016215,"position":1,"parentId":"726c7668f53a79f06400015f","content":"Podcasts"},{"_id":"72690b80d8c60ebbb80000bd","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016214,"position":1,"parentId":"726bb8b3f53a79f064000145","content":"https://www.partiallyexaminedlife.com/2013/01/30/ep70-marx/"},{"_id":"726c84282dd451a9e800015c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016250,"position":1,"parentId":"72690b80d8c60ebbb80000bd","content":"General"},{"_id":"726c91102dd451a9e800015d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016251,"position":1,"parentId":"726c84282dd451a9e800015c","content":"Difference between Marx that wrote Das Kapital, and the earlier Marx"},{"_id":"726c93b22dd451a9e800015e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016252,"position":2,"parentId":"726c84282dd451a9e800015c","content":"Largely an attack on contemporary German philosophy"},{"_id":"726c949b2dd451a9e800015f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016254,"position":1,"parentId":"726c93b22dd451a9e800015e","content":"Philosophy is largely a product of your social class"},{"_id":"726c95462dd451a9e8000160","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016255,"position":2,"parentId":"726c93b22dd451a9e800015e","content":"Could have been because he didn't get a professorship"},{"_id":"726c96292dd451a9e8000161","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016256,"position":3,"parentId":"726c93b22dd451a9e800015e","content":"Attack on Hegel?"},{"_id":"726c96a62dd451a9e8000162","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016262,"position":3,"parentId":"726c84282dd451a9e800015c","content":"Ideas drive history - predominant idea of the time - Spirit - Hegel"},{"_id":"726c97f92dd451a9e8000163","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016260,"position":1,"parentId":"726c96a62dd451a9e8000162","content":"Human beings are products of their own time"},{"_id":"726c99a82dd451a9e8000164","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016263,"position":4,"parentId":"726c84282dd451a9e800015c","content":"Repetitive, irritable, sarcastic rant"},{"_id":"726c9adf2dd451a9e8000165","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016269,"position":5,"parentId":"726c84282dd451a9e800015c","content":"Co-authored with Engels, but main part written by Marx"},{"_id":"726c9c5c2dd451a9e8000166","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016272,"position":6,"parentId":"726c84282dd451a9e800015c","content":"Young Hegelians were concerned with the theological parts of Hegel - absolute spirit - phenomenology is like a picture of the evolution of consciousness"},{"_id":"726ca02b2dd451a9e8000167","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016275,"position":1,"parentId":"726c9c5c2dd451a9e8000166","content":"Wrt history, like a collective understanding of humanity gradually understanding itself"},{"_id":"726ca52e2dd451a9e8000169","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016284,"position":7,"parentId":"726c84282dd451a9e800015c","content":"6m45"},{"_id":"726c19def53a79f064000150","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016230,"position":0.5,"parentId":"726bb851f53a79f064000144","content":"Communist Manifesto (1848)"},{"_id":"726c3ea7f53a79f06400015a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016240,"position":1,"parentId":"726c19def53a79f064000150","content":"General notes"},{"_id":"726c3ec5f53a79f06400015b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015936,"position":1,"parentId":"726c3ea7f53a79f06400015a","content":"Co-authored by Friedrich Engels"},{"_id":"72694aa8d8c60ebbb80000be","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016232,"position":1,"parentId":"726bb851f53a79f064000144","content":"Capital - Volume I (1867)"},{"_id":"726bb6a6f53a79f064000142","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015413,"position":0.25,"parentId":"72694aa8d8c60ebbb80000be","content":"Podcasts"},{"_id":"7268fff3d8c60ebbb80000b8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015398,"position":1,"parentId":"726bb6a6f53a79f064000142","content":"http://davidharvey.org/"},{"_id":"726bbbddf53a79f064000146","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015414,"position":0.375,"parentId":"72694aa8d8c60ebbb80000be","content":"Source"},{"_id":"726bbe64f53a79f064000147","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015415,"position":1,"parentId":"726bbbddf53a79f064000146","content":"https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/download/pdf/Capital-Volume-I.pdf"},{"_id":"726abdbef53a79f06400010e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016241,"position":0.5,"parentId":"72694aa8d8c60ebbb80000be","content":"General notes"},{"_id":"726c3ffaf53a79f06400015c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015937,"position":0.5,"parentId":"726abdbef53a79f06400010e","content":"Co-authored by Friedrich Engels"},{"_id":"72694fe2d8c60ebbb80000c2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014639,"position":2,"parentId":"726abdbef53a79f06400010e","content":"\"For a ruthless criticism of everything existing\""},{"_id":"72694d4cd8c60ebbb80000c0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013425,"position":0.5,"parentId":"72694fe2d8c60ebbb80000c2","content":"Take different radically different conceptual blocks and rub them together to make revolutionary fire - deconstruction"},{"_id":"7269503cd8c60ebbb80000c3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013396,"position":1,"parentId":"72694fe2d8c60ebbb80000c2","content":"Adam Smith, Steward - commentaries"},{"_id":"7269598ff53a79f0640000c4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014640,"position":3,"parentId":"726abdbef53a79f06400010e","content":"Conceptual blocks in Capital"},{"_id":"72694e77d8c60ebbb80000c1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013475,"position":1,"parentId":"7269598ff53a79f0640000c4","content":"Political economy\n"},{"_id":"72695bcdf53a79f0640000c5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013442,"position":1,"parentId":"72694e77d8c60ebbb80000c1","content":"late 18th, early 19th C"},{"_id":"72695d6df53a79f0640000c7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013465,"position":1.5,"parentId":"72694e77d8c60ebbb80000c1","content":"Mainly English, some French"},{"_id":"72695beef53a79f0640000c6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013548,"position":2,"parentId":"72694e77d8c60ebbb80000c1","content":"Locke, Hobbes, Hume, Adam Smith, Ricardo, Malthus (negates), Stewart..."},{"_id":"72695e49f53a79f0640000c9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013450,"position":3,"parentId":"72694e77d8c60ebbb80000c1","content":"Three volumes - Theories of Surface Value"},{"_id":"72696064f53a79f0640000ca","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013474,"position":4,"parentId":"72694e77d8c60ebbb80000c1","content":"Deconstruction"},{"_id":"72696129f53a79f0640000cb","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013456,"position":5,"parentId":"72694e77d8c60ebbb80000c1","content":"What's missing?"},{"_id":"7269642cf53a79f0640000cd","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013469,"position":2,"parentId":"7269598ff53a79f0640000c4","content":"German classical critical philosophy"},{"_id":"72696496f53a79f0640000ce","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013472,"position":1,"parentId":"7269642cf53a79f0640000cd","content":"Stretches back to the Greeks"},{"_id":"726965f2f53a79f0640000cf","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013477,"position":2,"parentId":"7269642cf53a79f0640000cd","content":"Wrote dissertation on Epicurus"},{"_id":"72696652f53a79f0640000d0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013480,"position":3,"parentId":"7269642cf53a79f0640000cd","content":"Spinoza, Leibniz, Hagel, Kant..."},{"_id":"726969f9f53a79f0640000d1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013492,"position":4,"parentId":"7269642cf53a79f0640000cd","content":"Read Hagel before Marx and it's easy"},{"_id":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013493,"position":3,"parentId":"7269598ff53a79f0640000c4","content":"Utopian socialist tradition"},{"_id":"72696ab0f53a79f0640000d3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013496,"position":1,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Primarily French, some English"},{"_id":"72696b7ef53a79f0640000d4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013497,"position":2,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Robert Owen, Thomas Moore"},{"_id":"72696caff53a79f0640000d5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013500,"position":3,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"1830s/40s French"},{"_id":"72696d72f53a79f0640000d6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013508,"position":4,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Etienne Cabet - Icarians, US post 1848"},{"_id":"7269704df53a79f0640000d7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013545,"position":5,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Prudent, Saint Simon, Fourier (negation), Malthus (neg)"},{"_id":"7269794df53a79f0640000d8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013522,"position":6,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Very critical of the Utopians who want to create an ideal society 'over there' without any idea of how to get from here to there"},{"_id":"72697b55f53a79f0640000d9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013528,"position":7,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Marx wanted to convert the utopian socialist project into a scientific socialist project"},{"_id":"72697d13f53a79f0640000da","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013534,"position":8,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Can't take English empiricism, needs to create a new scientific method - the three sections"},{"_id":"72697f79f53a79f0640000db","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013540,"position":9,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Marx often draws from the utopians more than he wants to admit - dismisses them as part of failure of the 1948 revolution"},{"_id":"7269823cf53a79f0640000dc","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013550,"position":10,"parentId":"72696a59f53a79f0640000d2","content":"Makes great use of Saint Simon, and by negation of Fourier, like negated Malthus (PE)"},{"_id":"72698840f53a79f0640000dd","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014641,"position":4,"parentId":"726abdbef53a79f06400010e","content":"Should read book in Marx's terms"},{"_id":"7269889ff53a79f0640000de","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013556,"position":1,"parentId":"72698840f53a79f0640000dd","content":"Prefaces - esp French edition (suggested that it shouuld come out as a feuilleton series)"},{"_id":"7269938bf53a79f0640000df","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013569,"position":1,"parentId":"7269889ff53a79f0640000de","content":"1872 - Praised idea, as would be more accessible to the working class, which to him outweighs everything else - that is the good side of your suggestion - French impatient to come to a conclusion - first few chapters are particularly arduous"},{"_id":"72699a21f53a79f0640000e0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014642,"position":5,"parentId":"726abdbef53a79f06400010e","content":"First few chapters particularly arduous"},{"_id":"72699a92f53a79f0640000e1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013571,"position":1,"parentId":"72699a21f53a79f0640000e0","content":"Its method"},{"_id":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013574,"position":2,"parentId":"72699a21f53a79f0640000e0","content":"The particular way he sets up his project"},{"_id":"72699d24f53a79f0640000e3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013575,"position":1,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"To understand how a capitalist mode of production works"},{"_id":"72699d7af53a79f0640000e4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013576,"position":2,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Has in mind that it'll be a huge project"},{"_id":"72699e58f53a79f0640000e5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013577,"position":3,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Has to set up the conceptual apparatus to understand all the complexity that exists"},{"_id":"7269a288f53a79f0640000e6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013586,"position":4,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Method of inquiry is different from his method of presentation"},{"_id":"7269a68bf53a79f0640000e7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013596,"position":5,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Method of inquiry starts with everything that's going on - reality as experience it"},{"_id":"7269a824f53a79f0640000e8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013606,"position":1,"parentId":"7269a68bf53a79f0640000e7","content":"Start with descriptions of reality by economists, by novelists..."},{"_id":"7269aa12f53a79f0640000eb","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013610,"position":2,"parentId":"7269a68bf53a79f0640000e7","content":"Then search in that material for some simple, fundamental concepts - The Method of Descent"},{"_id":"7269ab9ff53a79f0640000ec","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013612,"position":3,"parentId":"7269a68bf53a79f0640000e7","content":"Then come back to the surface - behind the world of appearance, there's another way to analyse it"},{"_id":"7269ad3bf53a79f0640000ed","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013614,"position":4,"parentId":"7269a68bf53a79f0640000e7","content":"Like Freud - pioneers it in social science"},{"_id":"7269a8bcf53a79f0640000e9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013619,"position":6,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"In Capital, starts with his conclusions - the deep concepts"},{"_id":"7269b002f53a79f0640000ee","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013620,"position":1,"parentId":"7269a8bcf53a79f0640000e9","content":"Lays them out very simply / directly"},{"_id":"7269b0c2f53a79f0640000ef","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013624,"position":2,"parentId":"7269a8bcf53a79f0640000e9","content":"Ask yourself where everything comes from"},{"_id":"7269b194f53a79f0640000f0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013629,"position":3,"parentId":"7269a8bcf53a79f0640000e9","content":"Half the time you have no idea what he's talking about"},{"_id":"7269b26ef53a79f0640000f1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013638,"position":4,"parentId":"7269a8bcf53a79f0640000e9","content":"After a while understand what he means - Value Theory / Argument etc"},{"_id":"7269d266f53a79f0640000f2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013808,"position":7,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Starts with the concept of the commodity - not class struggle / money / labour"},{"_id":"7269d6c4f53a79f0640000f3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013813,"position":8,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Also hard because setting up for all 3 volumes"},{"_id":"7269d82af53a79f0640000f4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013816,"position":9,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"All 3 volumes only about 1/8 of what he had in mind"},{"_id":"7269d8bbf53a79f0640000f5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013850,"position":1,"parentId":"7269d82af53a79f0640000f4","content":"1. The general abstract determinants which attain more or less in all forms of society\n1. The categories that make up the inner structure of bourgeois society and on which the fundamental classes rest - capital, wage-labour, property, their inter-relation, town and country, he three great social classes - exchange between them, circulation, the credit system, private\n1. Concentration of bourgeois society in the form of the state, viewed in relation to itself - the unproductive classes, taxes, state debt, public credit, the population, the colonies, emigration\n1. The international relations of production, international division of labour, international exchange, export/import, rate of exchange\n1. The world market and crises\n"},{"_id":"7269ec51f53a79f0640000f6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013854,"position":2,"parentId":"7269d82af53a79f0640000f4","content":"Never took up most of those topics"},{"_id":"7269ee92f53a79f0640000f7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013857,"position":10,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Vol 1 just looking at the standpoint of production"},{"_id":"7269ef7ff53a79f0640000f8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013860,"position":11,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Vol 2 - exchange"},{"_id":"7269efc0f53a79f0640000f9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013862,"position":12,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Vol 3 - crisis formation, rules of distribution, interest, rent, taxes"},{"_id":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013877,"position":13,"parentId":"72699b2df53a79f0640000e2","content":"Marx's use of dialectics - in dialects we find a completely different concept of analysis - hardly any causal language - nearly always says 'this is dialectically related to that' (inner relation, not a causal relation)"},{"_id":"7269f693f53a79f0640000fb","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013886,"position":1,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Talks about this in the postface to 2nd edition - OK I took some ideas from Hagel, but dialectical position absolutely opposite to it (revolutionized, not inverted it) "},{"_id":"7269fd95f53a79f0640000fc","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9013914,"position":2,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"De-mystified the form of dialectic presented by Hagel (fashion in Germany) - why it was that he had to form it in such a way that it could take account of every historical developed form as being in a state of motion - had to reform it so it could grasp the transient aspects of a society as well"},{"_id":"726a0325f53a79f0640000fd","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014039,"position":3,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Does not let itself be impressed by anything"},{"_id":"726a63bdf53a79f064000104","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014517,"position":4,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Use dialectical method to establish relations between elements in his system - in a way to capture fluidity / motion"},{"_id":"726a6830f53a79f064000105","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014531,"position":5,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Often talked about as a static, structural analyst - but he sees the movement"},{"_id":"726a6bbdf53a79f064000106","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014546,"position":6,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Best place to understand his dialectical method - Captial"},{"_id":"726a6d95f53a79f064000107","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014547,"position":7,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Young kids are great at dialectics"},{"_id":"726a6ee3f53a79f064000108","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014549,"position":8,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Everything in motion - labour process, value does not exist unless it's in motion, when things stop value stops, Bush on TV ad - get back in motion"},{"_id":"726a7439f53a79f064000109","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014553,"position":9,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Motion is substantiated in a capitalist mode of production"},{"_id":"726a7542f53a79f06400010a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014557,"position":10,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Analytical Marxism"},{"_id":"726aa890f53a79f06400010b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014606,"position":11,"parentId":"7269f167f53a79f0640000fa","content":"Positive Marxism - causative"},{"_id":"726aade3f53a79f06400010c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014643,"position":6,"parentId":"726abdbef53a79f06400010e","content":"Read through Capital many times (every year?)"},{"_id":"726abc98f53a79f06400010d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014622,"position":1,"parentId":"726aade3f53a79f06400010c","content":"Engage with text in terms of meaning in own life"},{"_id":"726bc6ecf53a79f064000148","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015427,"position":7,"parentId":"726abdbef53a79f06400010e","content":"Changes style in different sections"},{"_id":"726c5275f53a79f06400015d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016243,"position":1.25,"parentId":"72694aa8d8c60ebbb80000be","content":"Text"},{"_id":"726abe6af53a79f06400010f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016236,"position":1,"parentId":"726c5275f53a79f06400015d","content":"Part 1 : Commodities and Money"},{"_id":"726ba8fbf53a79f064000141","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015379,"position":1,"parentId":"726abe6af53a79f06400010f","content":"Chapter 1 : Commodities"},{"_id":"726b80bcf53a79f064000131","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015378,"position":1,"parentId":"726ba8fbf53a79f064000141","content":"Section 1 : The two factors of a commodity - use value and value"},{"_id":"726b6cf7f53a79f06400012f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015702,"position":1,"parentId":"726b80bcf53a79f064000131","content":"Core concepts"},{"_id":"726bf2f2f53a79f064000149","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015532,"position":1.5,"parentId":"726b6cf7f53a79f06400012f","content":"Commodity"},{"_id":"726ad33af53a79f064000113","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015534,"position":1,"parentId":"726bf2f2f53a79f064000149","content":"The commodity - good place to start- familiar to everyone, common denominator"},{"_id":"726ad620f53a79f064000114","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015535,"position":2,"parentId":"726bf2f2f53a79f064000149","content":"Commodity - meets a human want or need"},{"_id":"726ad830f53a79f064000115","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015536,"position":3,"parentId":"726bf2f2f53a79f064000149","content":"How many commodities are there - millions of them"},{"_id":"726bf3baf53a79f06400014a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015537,"position":3.75,"parentId":"726b6cf7f53a79f06400012f","content":"Use value"},{"_id":"726ada16f53a79f064000116","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015610,"position":1,"parentId":"726bf3baf53a79f06400014a","content":"Use value - abstracting, very fast"},{"_id":"726b5ea6f53a79f06400012a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015693,"position":2,"parentId":"726bf3baf53a79f06400014a","content":"Brings use value back into value"},{"_id":"726bf431f53a79f06400014b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015608,"position":4.875,"parentId":"726b6cf7f53a79f06400012f","content":"Exchange value"},{"_id":"726add77f53a79f064000117","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015612,"position":1,"parentId":"726bf431f53a79f06400014b","content":"Also 'the material bearers of exchange value'"},{"_id":"726ae9c6f53a79f064000118","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015613,"position":2,"parentId":"726bf431f53a79f06400014b","content":"Exchange value appears to be something accidental and purely relative, consequently intrinsic value seems a contradiction"},{"_id":"726af35ff53a79f06400011a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015617,"position":3,"parentId":"726bf431f53a79f06400014b","content":"Exchange value must be reducible to this third thing - cannot be geometrical, physical, chemical, or other natural properties of commodities - not materialistic (cannot look at commodity to find its commensurability / exchangability)"},{"_id":"726b1cd2f53a79f06400011e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015630,"position":4,"parentId":"726bf431f53a79f06400014b","content":"Exchange value is a representation of its value - gap between the two"},{"_id":"726bf4f6f53a79f06400014c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015643,"position":6.9375,"parentId":"726b6cf7f53a79f06400012f","content":"Value (human labour)"},{"_id":"726aef5bf53a79f064000119","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015615,"position":1,"parentId":"726bf4f6f53a79f06400014c","content":"Have to view the value in motion"},{"_id":"726afe0ff53a79f06400011c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015622,"position":2,"parentId":"726bf4f6f53a79f06400014c","content":"If forget use value, only one property remains - all the product of human labour + exchange value represents that quality - merely congealed quantities of homogenous human labour"},{"_id":"726b0995f53a79f06400011d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015627,"position":3,"parentId":"726bf4f6f53a79f06400014c","content":"Value is what is passed on the the process of commodity exchange (p127 ish)"},{"_id":"726b2504f53a79f064000121","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015642,"position":4,"parentId":"726bf4f6f53a79f06400014c","content":"Value is always in motion"},{"_id":"726b2656f53a79f064000122","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015649,"position":5,"parentId":"726bf4f6f53a79f06400014c","content":"Quantity is measured by the duration of the labour put into the thing - which has measures"},{"_id":"726b348cf53a79f064000126","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015663,"position":6,"parentId":"726bf4f6f53a79f06400014c","content":"Def (Value): Socially-necessary labour-time is the labour time required to produce any use value under the conditions of production normal for a given society, and with the average degree of intensity and skill of labour in that society"},{"_id":"726b4029f53a79f064000128","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015679,"position":7,"parentId":"726bf4f6f53a79f06400014c","content":"Value changes with productivity"},{"_id":"726bf768f53a79f06400014e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015631,"position":11.984375,"parentId":"726b6cf7f53a79f06400012f","content":"Thing / process"},{"_id":"726b1fdef53a79f06400011f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015632,"position":1,"parentId":"726bf768f53a79f06400014e","content":"A 'thing' is a representation of a process"},{"_id":"726b2390f53a79f064000120","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015644,"position":2,"parentId":"726bf768f53a79f06400014e","content":"The process is objectified by the thing"},{"_id":"726b27d3f53a79f064000123","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015652,"position":3,"parentId":"726bf768f53a79f06400014e","content":"Capitalist mode of production sets up a certain mode of temporality"},{"_id":"726b2b1ef53a79f064000124","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015654,"position":4,"parentId":"726bf768f53a79f06400014e","content":"Total value of the labour of society - manifested in the world of commodities"},{"_id":"726b31a7f53a79f064000125","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015658,"position":5,"parentId":"726bf768f53a79f06400014e","content":"Each of these units is the same as any other to the extent that it has the character of a socially average unit of labour power, and acts as such"},{"_id":"726b9896f53a79f06400013c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015701,"position":6,"parentId":"726bf768f53a79f06400014e","content":"Meaning of the objectification changes with time"},{"_id":"726bf5c5f53a79f06400014d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015650,"position":15.4921875,"parentId":"726b6cf7f53a79f06400012f","content":"Comparisons"},{"_id":"726afaeaf53a79f06400011b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015619,"position":1,"parentId":"726bf5c5f53a79f06400014d","content":"Use value differs in quality, exchange value only in quantity - therefore exchange value does not come out of usefulness"},{"_id":"726b6404f53a79f06400012b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015694,"position":2,"parentId":"726bf5c5f53a79f06400014d","content":"If want use value of something, then can't have exchange value - and vice-versa"},{"_id":"726b93caf53a79f06400013b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015290,"position":1.25,"parentId":"726b80bcf53a79f064000131","content":"General comments"},{"_id":"726abf67f53a79f064000110","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015297,"position":1,"parentId":"726b93caf53a79f06400013b","content":"\"Appears\""},{"_id":"726ac009f53a79f064000111","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9014647,"position":1,"parentId":"726abf67f53a79f064000110","content":"Not is - something else going on"},{"_id":"726ad18cf53a79f064000112","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015301,"position":2,"parentId":"726b93caf53a79f06400013b","content":"Concerned only with the Capitalist mode of production"},{"_id":"726b9c2ef53a79f06400013d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015315,"position":3,"parentId":"726b93caf53a79f06400013b","content":"Presents his ideas like classical political economists - idealistic"},{"_id":"726b5678f53a79f064000129","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015332,"position":4,"parentId":"726b93caf53a79f06400013b","content":"Repeats himself a lot"},{"_id":"726b6ab0f53a79f06400012d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015337,"position":5,"parentId":"726b93caf53a79f06400013b","content":"Analysis that is not causal "},{"_id":"726b6bb5f53a79f06400012e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015042,"position":1,"parentId":"726b6ab0f53a79f06400012d","content":"Can't talk about any one of these concepts without talking about the other"},{"_id":"726b39e3f53a79f064000127","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015422,"position":6,"parentId":"726b93caf53a79f06400013b","content":"Like Ricardo - labour time as value, difference 'socially necessary'"},{"_id":"726b690bf53a79f06400012c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015697,"position":7,"parentId":"726b93caf53a79f06400013b","content":"Talking about values when supply and demand are in equilibrium"},{"_id":"726b8e84f53a79f064000138","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015288,"position":1.75,"parentId":"726b80bcf53a79f064000131","content":"Examples"},{"_id":"726b8ea8f53a79f064000139","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015274,"position":1,"parentId":"726b8e84f53a79f064000138","content":"House - maybe has the same use value, and a residual exchange value, but that might change with a revolution in house-building"},{"_id":"726b7ff4f53a79f064000130","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015255,"position":2,"parentId":"726b80bcf53a79f064000131","content":"Discussions"},{"_id":"726b8305f53a79f064000134","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015258,"position":0.5,"parentId":"726b7ff4f53a79f064000130","content":"Concept of value would be different in hybrid system"},{"_id":"726b81ddf53a79f064000132","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015253,"position":1,"parentId":"726b7ff4f53a79f064000130","content":"What other types of value systems would want"},{"_id":"726b8271f53a79f064000133","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015254,"position":1,"parentId":"726b81ddf53a79f064000132","content":"Environmental value"},{"_id":"726b84ecf53a79f064000135","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015259,"position":2,"parentId":"726b7ff4f53a79f064000130","content":"Mistake in Socialism - take Marxist definition of value in a normalistic way"},{"_id":"726b86b2f53a79f064000136","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015261,"position":1,"parentId":"726b84ecf53a79f064000135","content":"But... value is inherent in capitalist mode of production"},{"_id":"726b88c8f53a79f064000137","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015264,"position":2,"parentId":"726b84ecf53a79f064000135","content":"If want to have a different set of value, then have to overthrow a capitalist mode of production"},{"_id":"726b9e2cf53a79f06400013e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015320,"position":3,"parentId":"726b7ff4f53a79f064000130","content":"What is 'socially necessary' - different at different points in time in different places"},{"_id":"726ba134f53a79f06400013f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015327,"position":3,"parentId":"726b80bcf53a79f064000131","content":"Other comments"},{"_id":"726ba161f53a79f064000140","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015329,"position":1,"parentId":"726ba134f53a79f06400013f","content":"Most of proletariat in the world are women"},{"_id":"726c3c94f53a79f064000158","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015926,"position":8.125,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Friedrich Engels (1820-1895)"},{"_id":"72690756d8c60ebbb80000bc","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015881,"position":8.25,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## John Maynard Keynes (1883-1946)"},{"_id":"726c36c8f53a79f064000157","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9016223,"position":2,"parentId":"72690756d8c60ebbb80000bc","content":"The General Theory of Employment, Interest and Money"},{"_id":"7269064cd8c60ebbb80000bb","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015852,"position":8.5,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## John Nash (1928-2015)"},{"_id":"72694aded8c60ebbb80000bf","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015954,"position":9.25,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## Jacques Derrida (1930-2004)"},{"_id":"726c1d36f53a79f064000151","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9015909,"position":10,"parentId":"726c1e5df53a79f064000152","content":"## David Harvey (1935-)"},{"_id":"722772d9abcade393a0000a8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8976420,"position":0.161834716796875,"parentId":null,"content":"# Marketing"},{"_id":"72277319abcade393a0000a9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8976423,"position":1,"parentId":"722772d9abcade393a0000a8","content":"## Post messages on FB pages"},{"_id":"72277baaabcade393a0000ab","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8976438,"position":0.5,"parentId":"72277319abcade393a0000a9","content":"[Bill Gates](https://www.facebook.com/BillGates)"},{"_id":"722773eaabcade393a0000aa","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8976426,"position":1,"parentId":"72277319abcade393a0000a9","content":"[Mark Zuckerberg](https://www.facebook.com/zuck)"},{"_id":"721e8ea2cc775ad38e000194","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8969927,"position":0.16192626953125,"parentId":null,"content":"# Notes\n"},{"_id":"721e8ef1cc775ad38e000195","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8969928,"position":1,"parentId":"721e8ea2cc775ad38e000194","content":"## Description"},{"_id":"721e8fbccc775ad38e000196","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8969929,"position":1,"parentId":"721e8ef1cc775ad38e000195","content":"On homepage, give general intro, then ask the user to choose the areas of specific interest"},{"_id":"72722456dd2c3fdfb300019a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9021211,"position":3,"parentId":"721e8ea2cc775ad38e000194","content":"Argument against in computer simulation"},{"_id":"72722546dd2c3fdfb300019b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9021218,"position":1,"parentId":"72722456dd2c3fdfb300019a","content":"- Premise - infinity cannot exist in the real universe\n-- Should be obvious\n\n- Assume that some highly advanced civilization could record position of each planck-length 'spatial unit' (PLSU) using one PLSU\n-- Dubious, since it would likely require more volume to do so\n\n- If all PLSU's are recorded, would require at least the size of the monitored universe (MU) just to map the MU\n- If not all recorded, but all are monitored (as would be necessary for it to work), the size would automatically be larger than the MU (since whatever system was monitoring would need to monitor all possible internal monitorings and dynamically create the appropriate responses, in real time) [NOTE: this might not be perfectly correct, but would still require something approaching the size of the MU at least)\n\nAll created universes would need to be as large as the MU\n\n- If PL is the same in all parent universes, then follows from previous arguments\n- PL in child universes cannot be smaller than the original PL\n- If PL in child universes is bigger than parent PL, PL would increasingly become larger such that the laws of physics would need to be changed with each successive creation (in a way which would have to be mapped, since would not be from the parent universe, which would also require a created universe at least as large as the MU\n -- if PL(child) = PL(parent)/2 - PL would become increasingly large\n -- would still require increasing 'matter'\n\nEventually the original universe would be too small\n\nSince all child MU's would need to be at least as large as the space they monitor (regardless of the model used for creating a child universe), there would be a number of created universes for which the original universe would be too small, or not have enough 'usable material' (matter/energy in our universe would be one part of this)\n\nNOTE: the argument could be made for matter / energy / space (or equivalent analogies in parent universes)\n\nFINAL NOTE:\n\nThis does not mean that we are NOT in a simulation, but it makes the chances low that we are in a depth of a very high number of them\n\n"},{"_id":"72764c9e7b9a6296de0001a7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028404,"position":0.1627044677734375,"parentId":null,"content":"# Outsourcing"},{"_id":"72764ce67b9a6296de0001a8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028405,"position":1,"parentId":"72764c9e7b9a6296de0001a7","content":"[Fiverr](https://www.fiverr.com/)"},{"_id":"71734b609918a5499c000094","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028248,"position":0.163482666015625,"parentId":null,"content":"# People to contact"},{"_id":"718d5afe52f963d6c9000149","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055621,"position":1,"parentId":"71734b609918a5499c000094","content":"Celebrities"},{"_id":"71734d2a9918a5499c000099","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851052,"position":2,"parentId":"718d5afe52f963d6c9000149","content":"### Bob Geldof"},{"_id":"71734d029918a5499c000098","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851053,"position":3,"parentId":"718d5afe52f963d6c9000149","content":"### Bono"},{"_id":"71734bcd9918a5499c000095","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851054,"position":4,"parentId":"718d5afe52f963d6c9000149","content":"### Michael Moore"},{"_id":"7233f04c68f95d54a60000b3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055627,"position":1.5,"parentId":"71734b609918a5499c000094","content":"Economists"},{"_id":"718d5bed52f963d6c900014a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055622,"position":2,"parentId":"71734b609918a5499c000094","content":"Friends"},{"_id":"7249157064317bbee60000b5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8994180,"position":0.5,"parentId":"718d5bed52f963d6c900014a","content":"Alex Griffin de Leon"},{"_id":"718d5c7f52f963d6c900014b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851062,"position":1,"parentId":"718d5bed52f963d6c900014a","content":"Jorge"},{"_id":"72a78eff8138cf99200001f1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055632,"position":2.25,"parentId":"71734b609918a5499c000094","content":"Rich"},{"_id":"72a787458138cf99200001ef","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055620,"position":0.5,"parentId":"72a78eff8138cf99200001f1","content":"Azim Premji - Indian business man"},{"_id":"72a78a118138cf99200001f0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055601,"position":1,"parentId":"72a787458138cf99200001ef","content":"http://www.wipro.com/about-Wipro/Wipro-leadership-team/Azim-H-Premji/"},{"_id":"71734c069918a5499c000096","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055605,"position":1,"parentId":"72a78eff8138cf99200001f1","content":"### Bill Gates"},{"_id":"71734cc59918a5499c000097","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055619,"position":3,"parentId":"72a78eff8138cf99200001f1","content":"### Elon Musk"},{"_id":"72a7929b8138cf99200001f2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055633,"position":4,"parentId":"72a78eff8138cf99200001f1","content":"Warren Buffett"},{"_id":"7233f08368f95d54a60000b4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055628,"position":2.5,"parentId":"71734b609918a5499c000094","content":"Sociologists"},{"_id":"7233e53368f95d54a60000b1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055623,"position":3,"parentId":"71734b609918a5499c000094","content":"Spiritual leaders"},{"_id":"7233e58768f95d54a60000b2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8982341,"position":1,"parentId":"7233e53368f95d54a60000b1","content":"Pacto Mundial Consciente (HuG Love) / Paramadvaiti Swami, Vandana Shiva"},{"_id":"726ffd9edd2c3fdfb3000192","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017791,"position":0.1650390625,"parentId":null,"content":"# Philanthropy"},{"_id":"727729dd7b9a6296de0001ba","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9029045,"position":0.125,"parentId":"726ffd9edd2c3fdfb3000192","content":"Donations"},{"_id":"72772a127b9a6296de0001bb","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9029046,"position":1,"parentId":"727729dd7b9a6296de0001ba","content":"[Global Giving](https://www.globalgiving.org/)"},{"_id":"729d3c248138cf99200001bc","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9050972,"position":0.1875,"parentId":"726ffd9edd2c3fdfb3000192","content":"Education"},{"_id":"729d3c5c8138cf99200001bd","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9050973,"position":1,"parentId":"729d3c248138cf99200001bc","content":"[Aid for Trade](http://www.aidfortrade.info/)"},{"_id":"7275f3b398e977b8e700019f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028101,"position":0.25,"parentId":"726ffd9edd2c3fdfb3000192","content":"Ideas"},{"_id":"727027c9dd2c3fdfb3000194","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028106,"position":0.5,"parentId":"7275f3b398e977b8e700019f","content":"[7 ideas](http://mashable.com/2015/03/23/simple-inventions-developing-world/#k5Ml5G4yEkq6)"},{"_id":"7275f3e298e977b8e70001a0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028103,"position":1,"parentId":"7275f3b398e977b8e700019f","content":"[15 ideas](https://www.theguardian.com/world/2012/aug/26/africa-innovations-transform-continent)"},{"_id":"727691ee7b9a6296de0001aa","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028512,"position":0.5625,"parentId":"726ffd9edd2c3fdfb3000192","content":"Investing"},{"_id":"7276e8e97b9a6296de0001b0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028868,"position":0.125,"parentId":"727691ee7b9a6296de0001aa","content":"Agriculture / Farming"},{"_id":"7276e7bb7b9a6296de0001ae","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028866,"position":1,"parentId":"7276e8e97b9a6296de0001b0","content":"Africa"},{"_id":"7276e7207b9a6296de0001ad","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028860,"position":1,"parentId":"7276e7bb7b9a6296de0001ae","content":"[Agri Vie](http://agrivie.com/)"},{"_id":"727692507b9a6296de0001ab","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028861,"position":2,"parentId":"7276e7bb7b9a6296de0001ae","content":"[Farm Capital Africa](https://www.facebook.com/farmcapitalafrica/)"},{"_id":"7277063f7b9a6296de0001b2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028941,"position":2.5,"parentId":"7276e7bb7b9a6296de0001ae","content":"[Grow Africa](https://www.growafrica.com/)"},{"_id":"7276fd507b9a6296de0001b1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028932,"position":3,"parentId":"7276e7bb7b9a6296de0001ae","content":"[Pearl Capital](http://pearlcapital.net/)"},{"_id":"7276e8807b9a6296de0001af","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028867,"position":2,"parentId":"7276e8e97b9a6296de0001b0","content":"India"},{"_id":"7276d7227b9a6296de0001ac","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028864,"position":1,"parentId":"7276e8807b9a6296de0001af","content":"[Omnivore Partners](http://www.omnivore.vc/)"},{"_id":"72751e3798e977b8e700019a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028511,"position":0.875,"parentId":"726ffd9edd2c3fdfb3000192","content":"Microfinance"},{"_id":"72751eb398e977b8e700019b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9027564,"position":1,"parentId":"72751e3798e977b8e700019a","content":"[Kiva](http://kiva.org)"},{"_id":"727055b4dd2c3fdfb3000197","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9026900,"position":1.25,"parentId":"726ffd9edd2c3fdfb3000192","content":"Lighting"},{"_id":"727055ffdd2c3fdfb3000198","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017869,"position":1,"parentId":"727055b4dd2c3fdfb3000197","content":"[Gravity Light](http://gravitylight.org/)"},{"_id":"72751b1298e977b8e7000199","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9026897,"position":2,"parentId":"727055b4dd2c3fdfb3000197","content":"[Solar Aid](https://solar-aid.org/)"},{"_id":"729f87018138cf99200001c5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052182,"position":5,"parentId":"726ffd9edd2c3fdfb3000192","content":"Water"},{"_id":"729f878f8138cf99200001c6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052192,"position":0.5,"parentId":"729f87018138cf99200001c5","content":"Fog harvesting"},{"_id":"729f88688138cf99200001c7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052201,"position":0.5,"parentId":"729f878f8138cf99200001c6","content":"[Climate Tech](http://www.climatetechwiki.org/content/fog-harvesting)"},{"_id":"729ef73d8138cf99200001c4","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052223,"position":1,"parentId":"729f878f8138cf99200001c6","content":"[Creating Water Foundation](http://www.creatingwater.nl/) [(YT)](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xsNNp9N2v9Y)"},{"_id":"729fa3a88138cf99200001ca","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052287,"position":1.5,"parentId":"729f878f8138cf99200001c6","content":"[Fog Quest](http://www.fogquest.org)"},{"_id":"729f8d128138cf99200001c8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052232,"position":2,"parentId":"729f878f8138cf99200001c6","content":"[MIT](http://inhabitat.com/mit-develops-advanced-fog-harvesting-material-that-pulls-5x-more-water-from-thin-air/) [(2)](http://news.mit.edu/2014/harvesting-fresh-water-fog)"},{"_id":"729f9f4b8138cf99200001c9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052279,"position":3,"parentId":"729f878f8138cf99200001c6","content":"[Spider's silk](http://www.scidev.net/global/water/news/spider-silk-provides-clues-for-fog-harvesting.html)"},{"_id":"72703743dd2c3fdfb3000195","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052200,"position":0.75,"parentId":"729f87018138cf99200001c5","content":"Water containers"},{"_id":"727037a5dd2c3fdfb3000196","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017814,"position":1,"parentId":"72703743dd2c3fdfb3000195","content":"[Q drum](http://www.qdrum.co.za) - cheaper and probably more durable"},{"_id":"726ffdd7dd2c3fdfb3000193","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9017818,"position":2,"parentId":"72703743dd2c3fdfb3000195","content":"[Hippo Rollers](https://www.hipporoller.org/social-investment/)"},{"_id":"729eb01d8138cf99200001c0","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052184,"position":1,"parentId":"729f87018138cf99200001c5","content":"Water extractors"},{"_id":"729ebbeb8138cf99200001c2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9051776,"position":0.5,"parentId":"729eb01d8138cf99200001c0","content":"[Warka Water](http://www.warkawater.org)\n\nhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VhfAmNosv7c"},{"_id":"729eb05e8138cf99200001c1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9051721,"position":1,"parentId":"729eb01d8138cf99200001c0","content":"https://futurism.com/videos/this-machine-will-give-billions-access-to-potable-water/"},{"_id":"7275f83098e977b8e70001a1","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9052187,"position":2,"parentId":"729f87018138cf99200001c5","content":"Water pumps"},{"_id":"7276323798e977b8e70001a7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028342,"position":0.5,"parentId":"7275f83098e977b8e70001a1","content":"[Kick Start](http://kickstart.org)"},{"_id":"7275f86898e977b8e70001a2","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028127,"position":1,"parentId":"7275f83098e977b8e70001a1","content":"[Lil' Sprout](https://www.kickstarter.com/projects/709196881/portable-solar-rainwater-pump-and-water-filter-sys)"},{"_id":"72a36cf68138cf99200001cb","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054091,"position":0.1654052734375,"parentId":null,"content":"# Plan"},{"_id":"72a36eb58138cf99200001cd","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9054093,"position":1,"parentId":"72a36cf68138cf99200001cb","content":""},{"_id":"72760fa798e977b8e70001a5","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028253,"position":0.165771484375,"parentId":null,"content":"# Potential partners"},{"_id":"7276104598e977b8e70001a6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028254,"position":1,"parentId":"72760fa798e977b8e70001a5","content":"[Engineers Without Borders](http://www.donortable.org)"},{"_id":"727657427b9a6296de0001a9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028412,"position":2,"parentId":"72760fa798e977b8e70001a5","content":"[Kick Start](http://kickstart.org)"},{"_id":"7275eef898e977b8e700019c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028093,"position":0.16650390625,"parentId":null,"content":"# Projects"},{"_id":"7275ef6198e977b8e700019d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028259,"position":1,"parentId":"7275eef898e977b8e700019c","content":"## Innovation"},{"_id":"7275f1a298e977b8e700019e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028260,"position":1,"parentId":"7275ef6198e977b8e700019d","content":"## Croudfunding"},{"_id":"7275febf98e977b8e70001a3","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9028203,"position":1,"parentId":"7275f1a298e977b8e700019e","content":"Promote projects that provide potential solutions with viable products on Indiegogo / Kickstarter etc"},{"_id":"71200a8aa49a4971a400005a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793604,"position":0.16796875,"parentId":null,"content":"# Resource sites"},{"_id":"711f8ad99ca064105600015b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793609,"position":1,"parentId":"71200a8aa49a4971a400005a","content":"## Stock photos"},{"_id":"711fedff9ca064105600017f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793259,"position":0.5,"parentId":"711f8ad99ca064105600015b","content":"### [Public Domain Archive (list)](http://publicdomainarchive.com/free-stock-photos/)"},{"_id":"711f8bc49ca064105600015c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8791764,"position":1,"parentId":"711f8ad99ca064105600015b","content":"#### [Pexels](https://www.pexels.com/)"},{"_id":"711f8dca9ca064105600015d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8791771,"position":2,"parentId":"711f8ad99ca064105600015b","content":"#### [Pixabay](https://pixabay.com/)"},{"_id":"711f8efd9ca064105600015e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8791778,"position":3,"parentId":"711f8ad99ca064105600015b","content":"#### [Unsplash](https://unsplash.com/)"},{"_id":"711f90989ca064105600015f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8791809,"position":4,"parentId":"711f8ad99ca064105600015b","content":"#### [Stocksnap](https://stocksnap.io/)"},{"_id":"71205594a49a4971a400006e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851557,"position":0.173828125,"parentId":null,"content":"# Resources"},{"_id":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793608,"position":1,"parentId":"71205594a49a4971a400006e","content":"## Photos"},{"_id":"712044fda49a4971a400006c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793470,"position":2.78126,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Animals - horses"},{"_id":"71204535a49a4971a400006d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793471,"position":1,"parentId":"712044fda49a4971a400006c","content":"#### [Three horses, portrait](https://unsplash.com/collections/304214/strengh-toward-the-future?photo=A81818EFqGQ)"},{"_id":"71203919a49a4971a4000066","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793584,"position":2.828135,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Concepts - Beginning of an adventure"},{"_id":"71203957a49a4971a4000067","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793458,"position":1,"parentId":"71203919a49a4971a4000066","content":"#### [The Adventure Begins - on mug](https://unsplash.com/collections/304214/strengh-toward-the-future?photo=Spdu7YT1O00)"},{"_id":"711fd0fb9ca0641056000178","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793581,"position":2.87501,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Concepts - Future in our hands"},{"_id":"711fd1279ca0641056000179","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792500,"position":1,"parentId":"711fd0fb9ca0641056000178","content":"#### [Glass ball in hands](https://www.pexels.com/photo/crystal-ball-in-hands-6101/)"},{"_id":"711fa0879ca0641056000162","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793496,"position":2.90626,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Concepts - Love"},{"_id":"711fa0fd9ca0641056000163","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792369,"position":1,"parentId":"711fa0879ca0641056000162","content":"#### [Girls - heart on beach](https://www.pexels.com/photo/sea-beach-holiday-vacation-5358/)"},{"_id":"711fb1989ca0641056000169","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793522,"position":2.9140725,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Concepts - Success"},{"_id":"711fb1bf9ca064105600016a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792421,"position":1,"parentId":"711fb1989ca0641056000169","content":"#### [Girl with arms up running over red rocks](https://www.pexels.com/photo/nature-person-red-woman-6552/)"},{"_id":"711fc56f9ca0641056000173","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793541,"position":2.91797875,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Concepts - Time for change"},{"_id":"711fc5a69ca0641056000174","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792474,"position":1,"parentId":"711fc56f9ca0641056000173","content":"#### [Round smartphone, blue](https://www.pexels.com/photo/smart-watch-smartwatch-futuristic-technology-9051/)"},{"_id":"71202b3fa49a4971a4000062","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793511,"position":2.921885,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Concepts - Upgrade"},{"_id":"71202b8da49a4971a4000063","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793395,"position":1,"parentId":"71202b3fa49a4971a4000062","content":"#### [Chalk on blackboard, clock + 'upgrade'](https://pixabay.com/en/upgrade-board-clock-update-renew-1672367/)"},{"_id":"711fd5569ca064105600017a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793580,"position":2.92579125,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Education - Letters of the alphabet"},{"_id":"711fd7099ca064105600017c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792533,"position":0.5,"parentId":"711fd5569ca064105600017a","content":"#### [Letters on cubes](https://www.pexels.com/photo/toys-letters-pay-play-48898/)"},{"_id":"711fd6269ca064105600017b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792521,"position":1,"parentId":"711fd5569ca064105600017a","content":"#### [Letters on printing blocks](https://www.pexels.com/photo/letters-metal-typography-31323/)"},{"_id":"711fcd6f9ca0641056000176","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793577,"position":2.9296975,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Energy - Windfarms"},{"_id":"711fcde69ca0641056000177","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793142,"position":1,"parentId":"711fcd6f9ca0641056000176","content":"#### [Windmills in desert next to road](https://www.pexels.com/photo/road-street-desert-industry-932/)"},{"_id":"711fb3b69ca064105600016c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793603,"position":3.0195412499999996,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Feet"},{"_id":"711fb7db9ca064105600016e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792447,"position":0.5,"parentId":"711fb3b69ca064105600016c","content":"#### [Feet looking down to ground on grass](https://www.pexels.com/photo/legs-summer-grass-young-91221/)"},{"_id":"711fb9389ca064105600016f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792449,"position":0.75,"parentId":"711fb3b69ca064105600016c","content":"#### [Feet looking in front to countryside](https://www.pexels.com/photo/sunny-man-person-legs-574/)"},{"_id":"711fb3fd9ca064105600016d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792429,"position":1,"parentId":"711fb3b69ca064105600016c","content":"#### [Feet walking up steps](https://www.pexels.com/photo/stairs-man-person-walking-2031/)"},{"_id":"71203da5a49a4971a4000068","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793562,"position":3.1093849999999996,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Flowers"},{"_id":"71203dd3a49a4971a4000069","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793462,"position":1,"parentId":"71203da5a49a4971a4000068","content":"#### [Red flower, tall + thin](https://unsplash.com/collections/304214/strengh-toward-the-future?photo=864yoW1qzoY)"},{"_id":"71204232a49a4971a400006a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793556,"position":3.2812599999999996,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### Food - Cooking"},{"_id":"712042a1a49a4971a400006b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793469,"position":1,"parentId":"71204232a49a4971a400006a","content":"#### [Heating black pans over fire](https://unsplash.com/collections/304214/strengh-toward-the-future?photo=zQgsdQvj1IM)"},{"_id":"711fa5349ca0641056000164","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793485,"position":3.6250099999999996,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### People - Children"},{"_id":"711ff20e9ca0641056000180","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793115,"position":0.125,"parentId":"711fa5349ca0641056000164","content":"#### [Child's face surrounded by leaves](https://pixabay.com/en/person-human-girl-female-face-1041904/)"},{"_id":"711fab5c9ca0641056000167","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792395,"position":0.25,"parentId":"711fa5349ca0641056000164","content":"#### [Young child in smart shirt](https://www.pexels.com/photo/person-love-people-summer-35537/)"},{"_id":"711fa83b9ca0641056000166","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792383,"position":0.5,"parentId":"711fa5349ca0641056000164","content":"#### [Dad walking with child, sunset](https://www.pexels.com/photo/light-sunset-people-water-34014/)"},{"_id":"711facdd9ca0641056000168","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793489,"position":3.6875099999999996,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### People - General"},{"_id":"711fa5699ca0641056000165","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792539,"position":1,"parentId":"711facdd9ca0641056000168","content":"###### [Girl looking over blue blanket](https://www.pexels.com/photo/woman-with-black-textile-87293/)"},{"_id":"71201567a49a4971a400005c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793488,"position":3.7500099999999996,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### People - Portraits"},{"_id":"71201a02a49a4971a400005f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793360,"position":0.5,"parentId":"71201567a49a4971a400005c","content":"#### [Arab man, white headscarf](https://pixabay.com/en/arabs-face-orient-arabic-islam-618749/)"},{"_id":"712015b3a49a4971a400005d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793359,"position":1,"parentId":"71201567a49a4971a400005c","content":"#### [Indian man, pink turban](https://pixabay.com/en/human-india-hindu-portrait-613601/)"},{"_id":"71201850a49a4971a400005e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793389,"position":2,"parentId":"71201567a49a4971a400005c","content":"#### [Indian man, red turban](https://pixabay.com/en/indians-turban-portrait-man-human-642055/)"},{"_id":"712023afa49a4971a4000061","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793390,"position":2.5,"parentId":"71201567a49a4971a400005c","content":"#### [Myanmar woman smoking big cigar-like thing](https://pixabay.com/en/face-woman-portrait-myanmar-burma-623685/)"},{"_id":"71201c86a49a4971a4000060","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793370,"position":3,"parentId":"71201567a49a4971a400005c","content":"#### [Old man, blue bart hat](https://pixabay.com/en/human-man-face-view-bart-hat-1411499/)"},{"_id":"71203579a49a4971a4000065","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793440,"position":3.5,"parentId":"71201567a49a4971a400005c","content":"#### [Old white man, glasses, b/w](https://unsplash.com/search/humanity?photo=52R7t7x8CPI)"},{"_id":"712032d8a49a4971a4000064","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793439,"position":4,"parentId":"71201567a49a4971a400005c","content":"#### [Young middle-eastern girl lying down](https://unsplash.com/search/humanity?photo=pOODuHYyla0)"},{"_id":"711fbdca9ca0641056000170","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8793526,"position":4.12501,"parentId":"711fdd2c9ca064105600017d","content":"### People - Working"},{"_id":"711fbdf09ca0641056000171","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8792459,"position":1,"parentId":"711fbdca9ca0641056000170","content":"#### [Girl working on laptop, red walls](https://www.pexels.com/photo/working-typing-macbook-computer-7350/)"},{"_id":"718fbcdc52f963d6c900014f","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851563,"position":4,"parentId":"71205594a49a4971a400006e","content":"# cheap food"},{"_id":"718facf052f963d6c900014e","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851566,"position":1,"parentId":"718fbcdc52f963d6c900014f","content":"e.g. pasta + pate + ketchup + eggs + oil + sal + pepper + water"},{"_id":"718fa84152f963d6c900014c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851573,"position":2,"parentId":"718fbcdc52f963d6c900014f","content":"# Ideas to help people"},{"_id":"718fa8d052f963d6c900014d","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851537,"position":1,"parentId":"718fa84152f963d6c900014c","content":"# movement in each city etc to work out a way to locally each well, but cheaply - employ chefs to look around, and find recipes for eating well (enough) on little money"},{"_id":"718fbdcb52f963d6c9000150","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8851586,"position":3,"parentId":"718fbcdc52f963d6c900014f","content":"* find other organizations\n* work out some general basic ideas\n* adapt to each place\n* test the food, obviously\n* think about cooking times - gas is expensive\n* provide a phone no. to contact in each area\n* find people who want to be a point of contact in each area\n* give proper institutional support to them\n* adapt to local differences\n* have days to show homeless people how to cook such things"},{"_id":"71eb9b292fa1fea59d00018a","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8928350,"position":0.2197265625,"parentId":null,"content":"# Responses to difficult questions"},{"_id":"71eb9b832fa1fea59d00018b","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8928353,"position":1,"parentId":"71eb9b292fa1fea59d00018a","content":"# illegal things I've done"},{"_id":"71eb9c062fa1fea59d00018c","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":8928355,"position":1,"parentId":"71eb9b832fa1fea59d00018b","content":"Apartheid, Holocaust, Slavery, Colonialism - all legal\n\nLegality is about power, not justice / morality\n\nhttps://www.instagram.com/p/BFqvhYqim6W/"},{"_id":"72a636ba8138cf99200001e6","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055164,"position":0.24267578125,"parentId":null,"content":"# Tech"},{"_id":"72a636f18138cf99200001e7","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055165,"position":1,"parentId":"72a636ba8138cf99200001e6","content":"Graph db"},{"_id":"72a637378138cf99200001e8","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055166,"position":1,"parentId":"72a636f18138cf99200001e7","content":"[Cayley Graph](https://github.com/cayleygraph/cayley)"},{"_id":"72a642908138cf99200001e9","treeId":"711f88569ca0641056000156","seq":9055180,"position":2,"parentId":"72a636f18138cf99200001e7","content":"[Google Knowledge Graph](https://developers.google.com/knowledge-graph/)"}],"tree":{"_id":"711f88569ca0641056000156","name":"notes.humanity2.co","publicUrl":"notes-humanity2-co"}}