Information on the Pipeline Integrity Management Program
Gas pipeline operators must follow the rules of the Pipeline Integrity Management Program. It was developed with a focus that transmission pipelines in higher consequence areas (where there is a much higher chance of failure) be made safer. Here is some more information about the program.
In accordance with the rules of the program, all operators and owners of gas transmission pipelines must implement plans and make assessments periodically and also make reassessments in order to evaluate and identify potential hazards concerning a pipeline. Also, any significant defect that is discovered must be fixed. The lines have to be monitored so effective modifications can be made if needed before any hazardous situation arises.
This management program is meant to make the pipeline system safer by improving it and also to effectively allocate resources. It is meant to both analyze and identify potential signs of upcoming events that may arise due to a transport incident. This program also provides an integrated and comprehensive means to examine and compare all the potential risks and how to reduce the activities that are contributing to heightening those risks. It also provides a means to comprehensively structure, select, and implement the activities that will specifically reduce risks.
Another thing it was designed to do is to ensure and utilize that only completely trained and qualified companies and their personnel who handle risk management maintain safety measures. Each company that follows it is required to have a fully trained staff. The staff must be equipped with the skills necessary to enforce a high level of security and to act as a responsible party representing their company.
This program has some additional requirements. Pipelines that have areas that are dense have to be appropriately covered to avoid the chance of having an incident in the future. This is done by professionals who measure the pipelines according to diameter, distance, and pressure. After these dense segments are covered, the operators of the line must inspect these covered areas and make sure they meet the standards of safety.
Many hazardous conditions can occur if a pipeline is not properly monitored and maintained. This program is a means to prevent them. Hazardous conditions that occur in these lines include external corrosion, internal corrosion, stress corrosion or crack, a manufacturing defect (meaning a preexisting defect), wrinkles, bends, weld defects, girth defects, coupling failures, and mechanical damage. These hazards can result in societal, environmental, customer, and financial impacts.
If a potential hazard is identified, it is meant to be corrected in a timely manner. Prompt action must be taken after the level of the hazards and risks are assessed. After the assessment, the area of hazard will be officially examined again within one hundred and eighty days to ensure that all necessary repairs were made and that the problem has been fixed. During this period, the pipeline will be temporarily shut off until the repairs made have been deemed successful.
That was some information on the Pipeline Integrity Management Program. It was designed to make pipelines safer by periodically checking them. It is followed by companies to ensure that potentially hazardous situations in the future not occur and it is a preventative measure.