Sign up for free to use this document yourself.
  • Introduction

    I’ve used TBL for approximately 2 years, in multiple classes with 2 cohorts of students and will soon start a 3rd cohort

  • What is TBL

    TBl is a highly structured method for promoting learning through application of important course concepts.

  • TBL Components

    Preparation is the key to students’ success. This is coupled with teachers design and committmen. Students can prepare all day, but if a teacher does not design and commit to TBL, students will be less successful.

    One of the first tasks, and often the most daunting for students, is the team selection process.

  • Making Canvas Work with TBL

    I personally like Canvas, but making it work with TBL can be a bit of a chore. Over the years, I’ve learned few tricks to help achieve some of TBL’s important characteristics. These mostly involve RATS.

  • Peer Evaluations

    Peer to peer evaluations is an accountability process. I’m sure there are many ways to accomplish this process, but I find Google Forms to be an easy online method for collecting both qualitative and quantitative peer input.

    Developing a Google Form requires a Google account, however, students do NOT need an account.

  • Teams

    Teams must be selected early on and are semi-permament. Groups are heterogeneous but equal. The goal is to form groups of 5 - 7 people that have a relatively equal distribution of strengths and weaknesses.

  • RAP

    To be successful, students must READ. In fact, the entire process rests on students preparing for application exercises. Of course, this represents a significant shift from traditional learning.

  • Application Exercises

    Application exercises are where students truly learn. It is here that students apply RAP concepts to specifically designed scenarios that are relevant to desired outcomes.

    To be successful, application exercises must be constructed and carried out in a specific manner. In my experience, the more one deviates from this manner, the less effective the exercises.

  • Team selection process

    1. Identify sorting criteria
    2. Prioritize criteria
    3. Explain process to students
    4. Call highest criteria first - sub-categorize if appropriate
    5. After last criteria, ask students to number themselves from 1 - the number of groups desired. Do not have students count by the number of people desire in the group.
    6. Teams meet and develop name and “contract”
  • Pre-reading:

    Quality material is significant. Students will read a lot and consideration MUST be given to the quality and quantity of what is being read. Students will be tested on this material. The material must support the course concepts. The volume of reading material changes depending on many factors including the depth of reading, course pace, etc.

    Individual Readiness Assurance Test (IRAT)

    Irats are the beginning of the testing process. It’s very important to understand the IRATS test broad concepts based on reading and NOT trivial and non-significant details. The IRAT represents the foundation from which application exercises are built. Application exercises are the mechanism for student to apply concepts to specific scenarios.

    Team RAT (TRAT)

    TRAT’s are identical to IRATS except, the quiz is taken by the team. Also, teams are given multiple attempts to successfully complete the quiz. A significant amount of learning occurs in TRATS

    Rebuttal

    After TRAT scores are revealed, students are given an opportunity for discussion and rebuttal. Rebuttals must be logical and based on assigned reading. Students must give specific citations and submit rebuttals in writing. Credit is or isn’t given to the team.

    Discussion/lecture

    The final step is discussion/lecture to clarify global errors in understanding or knowledge. This clarification of concepts is important prior to the beginning of the application exercises. Although, frequently I do the discussion/lecture after the next step, application exercise. Bear in mind, the purpose of discussion/lecture is NOT to reiterate what students have already read/learned, but to clarify what they have not learned.

  • 4s’

    To be most effective, application exercises should be constructed using the following criteria:

    Significant Problem

    The exercise should create a problem that is relevant and germane to student interest. The problem should require utilization of concepts derived from the RAP.

    Same problem

    Each team receives the same problem

    Specific choice

    The application exercise should require the selection of one most correct choice. Teams must discuss among themselves, using course principles, why choices are or are not correct. Often, there may be more than one correct choice, but student’s must select the BEST choice.

    In these exercises, much discussion, debate and even disagreement occurs. This is critical to learning, where students are learning how course principles apply to real-world scenarios. Students truly learn from each other during this process and often develop ideas that are highly unique and technically accurate. It’s a wonderfully rewarding experience.

    Simultaneous Report

    Teams must present their selection at the same time. There are many ways to accomplish this, but it’s important that teams’ commitment is recorded before they can change.

{"cards":[{"_id":"47c6c3655dfc99393000003c","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":14155376,"position":1.375,"parentId":null,"content":"# Introduction\nI've used TBL for approximately 2 years, in multiple classes with 2 cohorts of students and will soon start a 3rd cohort\n"},{"_id":"47c6cec65dfc99393000003e","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":504089,"position":1.75,"parentId":null,"content":"# What is TBL\n\nTBl is a highly structured method for promoting learning through application of important course concepts."},{"_id":"47c6d3c65dfc99393000003f","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":513049,"position":1.875,"parentId":null,"content":"# TBL Components\n\nPreparation is the key to students' success. This is coupled with teachers design and committmen. Students can prepare all day, but if a teacher does not design and commit to TBL, students will be less successful.\n\nOne of the first tasks, and often the most daunting for students, is the team selection process.\n\n"},{"_id":"47c71a035dfc993930000042","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":523069,"position":0.5,"parentId":"47c6d3c65dfc99393000003f","content":"# Teams\n\nTeams must be selected early on and are semi-permament. Groups are heterogeneous but equal. The goal is to form groups of 5 - 7 people that have a relatively equal distribution of strengths and weaknesses.\n"},{"_id":"47c74af75dfc993930000043","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":504573,"position":1,"parentId":"47c71a035dfc993930000042","content":"# Team selection process\n1. Identify sorting criteria\n2. Prioritize criteria\n3. Explain process to students\n4. Call highest criteria first - sub-categorize if appropriate\n5. After last criteria, ask students to number themselves from 1 - the number of groups desired. Do not have students count by the number of people desire in the group.\n6. Teams meet and develop name and \"contract\"\n"},{"_id":"47c6e9bd5dfc993930000040","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":504632,"position":1,"parentId":"47c6d3c65dfc99393000003f","content":"# RAP\n\nTo be successful, students must READ. In fact, the entire process rests on students preparing for application exercises. Of course, this represents a significant shift from traditional learning.\n\n"},{"_id":"47c716ed5dfc993930000041","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":504668,"position":1,"parentId":"47c6e9bd5dfc993930000040","content":"## Pre-reading:\nQuality material is significant. Students will read a lot and consideration MUST be given to the quality and quantity of what is being read. Students will be tested on this material. The material must support the course concepts. The volume of reading material changes depending on many factors including the depth of reading, course pace, etc.\n\n## Individual Readiness Assurance Test (IRAT)\n\nIrats are the beginning of the testing process. It's very important to understand the IRATS test broad concepts based on reading and NOT trivial and non-significant details. The IRAT represents the foundation from which application exercises are built. Application exercises are the mechanism for student to apply concepts to specific scenarios.\n\n## Team RAT (TRAT)\n\nTRAT's are identical to IRATS except, the quiz is taken by the team. Also, teams are given multiple attempts to successfully complete the quiz. A significant amount of learning occurs in TRATS\n\n## Rebuttal\n\nAfter TRAT scores are revealed, students are given an opportunity for discussion and rebuttal. Rebuttals must be logical and based on assigned reading. Students must give specific citations and submit rebuttals in writing. Credit is or isn't given to the team.\n\n## Discussion/lecture\n\nThe final step is discussion/lecture to clarify global errors in understanding or knowledge. This clarification of concepts is important prior to the beginning of the application exercises. Although, frequently I do the discussion/lecture after the next step, application exercise. Bear in mind, the purpose of discussion/lecture is NOT to reiterate what students have already read/learned, but to clarify what they have not learned.\n\n\n\n"},{"_id":"47daf5d2727c407ec200000f","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":513106,"position":1.9375,"parentId":null,"content":"# Making Canvas Work with TBL\n\nI personally like Canvas, but making it work with TBL can be a bit of a chore. Over the years, I've learned few tricks to help achieve some of TBL's important characteristics. These mostly involve RATS."},{"_id":"47c7adff5dfc993930000044","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":545178,"position":0.5,"parentId":"47daf5d2727c407ec200000f","content":"# Application Exercises\n\nApplication exercises are where students truly learn. It is here that students apply RAP concepts to specifically designed scenarios that are relevant to desired outcomes.\n\nTo be successful, application exercises must be constructed and carried out in a specific manner. In my experience, the more one deviates from this manner, the less effective the exercises."},{"_id":"47c7c0085dfc993930000045","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":504887,"position":1,"parentId":"47c7adff5dfc993930000044","content":"# 4s'\n\nTo be most effective, application exercises should be constructed using the following criteria:\n\n### Significant Problem\n\nThe exercise should create a problem that is relevant and germane to student interest. The problem should require utilization of concepts derived from the RAP.\n\n### Same problem\n\nEach team receives the same problem\n\n### Specific choice\nThe application exercise should require the selection of one most correct choice. Teams must discuss among themselves, using course principles, why choices are or are not correct. Often, there may be more than one correct choice, but student's must select the BEST choice.\n\nIn these exercises, much discussion, debate and even disagreement occurs. This is critical to learning, where students are learning how course principles apply to real-world scenarios. Students truly learn from each other during this process and often develop ideas that are highly unique and technically accurate. It's a wonderfully rewarding experience.\n\n### Simultaneous Report\n\nTeams must present their selection at the same time. There are many ways to accomplish this, but it's important that teams' commitment is recorded before they can change."},{"_id":"47db43d8f77421e4b6000011","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":513195,"position":1.96875,"parentId":null,"content":"# Peer Evaluations\n\nPeer to peer evaluations is an accountability process. I'm sure there are many ways to accomplish this process, but I find Google Forms to be an easy online method for collecting both qualitative and quantitative peer input.\n\nDeveloping a Google Form requires a Google account, however, students do NOT need an account.\n"},{"_id":"47db4bfef77421e4b6000013","treeId":"47c683345dfc993930000036","seq":513199,"position":2,"parentId":"47db43d8f77421e4b6000011","content":""}],"tree":{"_id":"47c683345dfc993930000036","name":"TBL","publicUrl":"tbl"}}