• CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION
    Introduction to the Problem
    Background of the Study
    Statement of the Problem
    Purpose of the Proposed Study
    Research Questions
    Rationale for the Proposed Study
    Relevance of the Proposed Study
    Significance of the Proposed Study
    Theoretical Framework
    Nature of the Study
    Definition of Terms
    Assumptions and Limitations

  • CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW
    Introduction to the Literature Review
    Theoretical Orientation for the Proposed Study
    Review of Research Literature and Methodological Literature

  • CHAPTER 3. METHODOLOGY
    Purpose of the Proposed Study
    Problem Statement
    Research Questions
    Research Design
    Target Population, Sampling Method and Related Procedures
    Setting
    Recruitment
    Instrumentation
    Operationalization of Variables
    Data Collection
    Field Testing/Pilot Testing
    Data Analysis Procedures
    Internal Validity
    External Validity
    Expected Findings
    Ethical Issues
    Conclusion
    References

  • Target Population, Sampling Method and Related Procedure

  • Target Population- In one sentence, describe the population from which you will select your sample.Is this a vulnerable population?

  • Sampling Method -
    There are many methods of sampling when doing research. This guide can help you choose which method to use. Simple random sampling is the ideal, but researchers seldom have the luxury of time or money to access the whole population, so many compromises often have to be made.

    Probability methods
    This is the best overall group of methods to use as you can subsequently use the most powerful statistical analyses on the results.

    Method/Best used when
    Simple random sampling [Whole population is available.]
    Stratified sampling (random within target groups) [There are specific sub-groups to investigate (eg. demographic groupings).]
    Systematic sampling (every nth person) [When a stream of representative people are available (eg. in the street).]
    Cluster sampling (all in limited groups) [When population groups are separated and access to all is difficult, eg. in many distant cities.]

    Quota methods
    For a particular analysis and valid results, you can determine the number of people you need to sample. In particular when you are studying a number of groups and when sub-groups are small, then you will need equivalent numbers to enable equivalent analysis and conclusions.

    Method/Best used when
    Quota sampling (get only as many as you need) [You have access to a wide population, including sub-groups]
    Proportionate quota sampling (in proportion to population sub-groups) [You know the population distribution across groups, and when normal sampling may not give enough in minority groups]
    Non-proportionate quota sampling (minimum number from each sub-group) [There is likely to a wide variation in the studied characteristic within minority groups]

    Selective methods
    Sometimes your study leads you to target particular groups.

    Method/Best used when
    Purposive sampling (based on intent) [You are studying particular groups]
    Expert sampling (seeking ‘experts’) [You want expert opinion]
    Snowball sampling (ask for recommendations) [You seek similar subjects (eg. young drinkers])
    Modal instance sampling (focus on ‘typical’ people) [When sought ‘typical’ opinion may get lost in a wider study, and when you are able to identify the ‘typical’ group]
    Diversity sampling (deliberately seeking variation) [You are specifically seeking differences, eg. to identify sub-groups or potential conflicts]

    Convenience methods
    Good sampling is time-consuming and expensive. Not all experimenters have the time or funds to use more accurate methods. There is a price, of course, in the potential limited validity of results.

    Method/Best used when
    Snowball sampling (ask for recommendations) [You are ethically and socially able to ask and seek similar subjects.]
    Convenience sampling (use who’s available) [You cannot proactively seek out subjects.]
    Judgment sampling (guess a good-enough sample) [You are expert and there is no other choice.]

    Ethnographic methods
    When doing field-based observations, it is often impossible to intrude into the lives of people you are studying. Samples must thus be surreptitious and may be based more on who is available and willing to participate in any interviews or studies.

    Method/Best used when
    Selective sampling (gut feel) [Focus is needed in particular group, location, subject, etc.]
    Theoretical sampling (testing a theory) [Theories are emerging and focused sampling may help clarify these.]
    Convenience sampling (use who’s available) [You cannot proactively seek out subjects.]
    Judgment sampling (guess a good-enough sample) [You are expert and there is no other choice.]

  • Sample Size- What is the expected sample size needed? How do you know (what method did you apply to arrive at your sample size? http://www.surveysystem.com/sscalc.htm, https://www.qualtrics.com/blog/determining-sample-size/, https://www.surveymonkey.com/mp/sample-size-calculator/, http://fluidsurveys.com/survey-sample-size-calculator/, etc.)

  • Expected Site- Describe the site(s) from which you expect to draw your sample.

  • Site Permission- Who is authorized to provide permission to use this site? Does the site have an IRB? What do you need to do to obtain permission?

    Additional Information
    Is there anything else you want your Instructor to know about your proposed study? If so, include that here.

    {"cards":[{"_id":"6a95119a8d2d9ba1bf000056","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7807865,"position":1,"parentId":null,"content":"**CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION**\nIntroduction to the Problem\nBackground of the Study\nStatement of the Problem\nPurpose of the Proposed Study\nResearch Questions\t\nRationale for the Proposed Study\nRelevance of the Proposed Study\t\nSignificance of the Proposed Study\nTheoretical Framework\t\nNature of the Study\t\nDefinition of Terms\t\nAssumptions and Limitations"},{"_id":"6ddeebcd0fe6562fca00001f","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":8311845,"position":2,"parentId":"6a95119a8d2d9ba1bf000056","content":""},{"_id":"6a95194e8d2d9ba1bf000059","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7807864,"position":2,"parentId":null,"content":"**CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW**\t\nIntroduction to the Literature Review\t\nTheoretical Orientation for the Proposed Study\t\nReview of Research Literature and Methodological Literature\t"},{"_id":"6a9519d88d2d9ba1bf00005a","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7807888,"position":2.5,"parentId":null,"content":"**CHAPTER 3. METHODOLOGY**\nPurpose of the Proposed Study\t\nProblem Statement\t\nResearch Questions\t\nResearch Design\t\nTarget Population, Sampling Method and Related Procedures\t\t\nSetting\t\nRecruitment\t\nInstrumentation\t\nOperationalization of Variables\t\nData Collection\t\nField Testing/Pilot Testing\t\nData Analysis Procedures\t\nInternal Validity\t\nExternal Validity\t\nExpected Findings\t\nEthical Issues\t\nConclusion\t\nReferences"},{"_id":"6a951bbd8d2d9ba1bf00005b","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7807891,"position":0.5,"parentId":"6a9519d88d2d9ba1bf00005a","content":"*Target Population, Sampling Method and Related Procedure*"},{"_id":"6a951c658d2d9ba1bf00005c","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7807919,"position":1,"parentId":"6a951bbd8d2d9ba1bf00005b","content":"**Target Population**- In one sentence, describe the population from which you will select your sample.Is this a vulnerable population? "},{"_id":"6ab090a5ed98f0258b0000ac","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7808343,"position":2,"parentId":"6a951bbd8d2d9ba1bf00005b","content":"**Sampling Method** - \nThere are many methods of sampling when doing research. This guide can help you choose which method to use. Simple random sampling is the ideal, but researchers seldom have the luxury of time or money to access the whole population, so many compromises often have to be made.\n\n**Probability methods**\nThis is the best overall group of methods to use as you can subsequently use the most powerful statistical analyses on the results.\n \n*Method/Best used when*\nSimple random sampling\t[Whole population is available.]\nStratified sampling (random within target groups) [There are specific sub-groups to investigate (eg. demographic groupings).]\nSystematic sampling (every nth person)\t[When a stream of representative people are available (eg. in the street).]\nCluster sampling (all in limited groups) [When population groups are separated and access to all is difficult, eg. in many distant cities.]\n \n\n**Quota methods**\nFor a particular analysis and valid results, you can determine the number of people you need to sample. In particular when you are studying a number of groups and when sub-groups are small, then you will need equivalent numbers to enable equivalent analysis and conclusions.\n\n*Method/Best used when*\nQuota sampling (get only as many as you need)\t[You have access to a wide population, including sub-groups]\nProportionate quota sampling (in proportion to population sub-groups)\t[You know the population distribution across groups, and when normal sampling may not give enough in minority groups]\nNon-proportionate quota sampling (minimum number from each sub-group)\t[There is likely to a wide variation in the studied characteristic within minority groups]\n \n\n**Selective methods**\nSometimes your study leads you to target particular groups.\n\n*Method/Best used when*\nPurposive sampling (based on intent)\t[You are studying particular groups]\nExpert sampling (seeking 'experts')\t[You want expert opinion]\nSnowball sampling (ask for recommendations)\t[You seek similar subjects (eg. young drinkers])\nModal instance sampling (focus on 'typical' people)\t[When sought 'typical' opinion may get lost in a wider study, and when you are able to identify the 'typical' group]\nDiversity sampling (deliberately seeking variation)\t[You are specifically seeking differences, eg. to identify sub-groups or potential conflicts]\n \n\n**Convenience methods**\nGood sampling is time-consuming and expensive. Not all experimenters have the time or funds to use more accurate methods. There is a price, of course, in the potential limited validity of results.\n\n*Method/Best used when*\nSnowball sampling (ask for recommendations)\t[You are ethically and socially able to ask and seek similar subjects.]\nConvenience sampling (use who's available)\t[You cannot proactively seek out subjects.]\nJudgment sampling (guess a good-enough sample)\t[You are expert and there is no other choice.]\n \n\n**Ethnographic methods**\nWhen doing field-based observations, it is often impossible to intrude into the lives of people you are studying. Samples must thus be surreptitious and may be based more on who is available and willing to participate in any interviews or studies.\n\n*Method/Best used when*\nSelective sampling (gut feel)\t[Focus is needed in particular group, location, subject, etc.]\nTheoretical sampling (testing a theory)\t[Theories are emerging and focused sampling may help clarify these.]\nConvenience sampling (use who's available)\t[You cannot proactively seek out subjects.]\nJudgment sampling (guess a good-enough sample)\t[You are expert and there is no other choice.]\n"},{"_id":"6ab0914ced98f0258b0000ad","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7807925,"position":3,"parentId":"6a951bbd8d2d9ba1bf00005b","content":"**Sample Size**- What is the expected sample size needed? How do you know (what method did you apply to arrive at your sample size? http://www.surveysystem.com/sscalc.htm, https://www.qualtrics.com/blog/determining-sample-size/, https://www.surveymonkey.com/mp/sample-size-calculator/, http://fluidsurveys.com/survey-sample-size-calculator/, etc.)\n\n"},{"_id":"6ab091d7ed98f0258b0000ae","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7807928,"position":4,"parentId":"6a951bbd8d2d9ba1bf00005b","content":"**Expected Site**- Describe the site(s) from which you expect to draw your sample.\n\n"},{"_id":"6ab09235ed98f0258b0000af","treeId":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","seq":7807932,"position":5,"parentId":"6a951bbd8d2d9ba1bf00005b","content":"**Site Permission**- Who is authorized to provide permission to use this site? Does the site have an IRB? What do you need to do to obtain permission?\n\n*Additional Information*\nIs there anything else you want your Instructor to know about your proposed study? If so, include that here. "}],"tree":{"_id":"6a9511418d2d9ba1bf000054","name":"Thesis Proposal Outline","publicUrl":"thesis-proposal-worksheet-outline"}}