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  • title

  • EN abstrac 1

  • Abstract版面1

  • Abstract版面2

  • Introduction版本2

  • back ground2

  • methord

  • hongkong case study

  • Discussion and future work

  • conclusion

  • Acknowledgments

  • THE interactive SPATIAL ARRANGEMENT and 分析的 model for ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE 布局优化
    Casestudy: hongkong socail housing building

  • This paper is motivated by the fact that in Hongkong, approximately 460,000 units are demand for Complexity and high-density social housing from 2015 to 2025, and Hongkong Authority upgrades strategies for adopting a new library of Modular Flat Design for mass customization in social housing.however traditional space layout methods rely heavily on the static and sectoral approaches, which can’t fully fulfill the satisfaction of fast Variety generation and Optimization of complex and extensive adjacency requirements. To this end, we developed an interactive 3d spatial layout method for the fast automatic social housing space planning layout and optimizing tool can help architect and citizens to collaborate on complex statistical adjacency requirements for fast prototype generation. users can modify both architectural elements and topology relation iteratively based on real-time visualization of the sustainable performance. It can be used to Different geometries and social conditions to fit different projects.
    For the generation of 3D social housing layout, the designer can start the planning layout process by entering the spatial model data recorded in excel and the architectural framework designed by the architect, and then defining the interconnection of various model spaces And generate the 3d prototypes by the physical model which simulating the analogy of force based on architecture’s adjacency requirements. At the same time Offering real-time space feedback on spatial performance. A novel index Spatial proximity average distance was jointly proposed to evaluate the obtained results. The system produces the output within 10 seconds, which is drastically faster than the conventional manual workflow.The algorithm is designed for Grasshopper, physics engine Kangaroo, spiderweb, all running in the Rhino 3D environment.
    The algorithm was designed for Grasshopper, the physics engine Kangaroo, and spiderweb, all running in the Rhino 3D environment.
    Finally, we demonstrate how the designs can be compared based on various performance analysis measures and discuss the limitations that arise when our approach is applied in Hongkong.
    The results indicate that the tool can quickly generate various spatial prototypes and reduce the distance of modular with adjacent needs. The interaction of the analytic and generative process reduced the time and cost of the initial design stage
    The project helped architects and non-professionals to work in synergy to optimize strategies for the arrangement of social housing units in a way that coordinated a top-down activation of the urban regeneration process at the neighborhood scale

  • 版本1

  • This paper is motivated by the fact that in hongkong, approximately 460,000 units demand for Complexity and high-density social housing from 2015 to 2025 and hongkong Authority upgrade strategies for adopting a new library of Modular Flat Design for mass customization in socail housing.

  • however traditional space layout methods rely heavily on the static and sectoral approaches , which canotfully fulfill satisfaction of fast 多样性gneration and optimize the Complex and 大量的 adjacency requirements .

  • To this end, we developed an interactive 3d spatial layout method for the fast automatic social housing space planning layout and opitimzing

  • tool can help architect and cityzens 协作with 统计复杂相邻需求 for fast 原型gnernation. people can 修改 both architectural elements and topology relation in a inerative way based on realtime visualiztion of the susnable performance .It can be used to 不同几何形态和社会条件 to fit different project.

  • For a generation of 3d social housing layout, designers can start the planning layout process by inputting space modulardata which recorded by excel and architecture element , then drafting how moudlers are interconnected. And generate the 3d prototypes by physical model which simulating the analogy of force based on architecture’s adjacency requirements. At the same time Offering real-time space feedback on spatial performance.

  • A novel index 平均距离 was jointly proposed to evaluate the obtained results. The system produces the output within 10 seconds, which is drastically faster than the conventional manual workflow.

    The algorithm is designed for Grasshopper, physics engine Kangaroo, spiderweb, all running in the Rhino 3D environment.

  • Finally, we demonstrate how to compare designs based on various performance analysis measures and discuss the limitations that arise when we apply our method in hongkong

  • Results indicate that this tool requalify and 优化了 the 空间邻近距离 和 复杂关系 of socail housing in hongkong to improve social cohesion with a view to sustainability and densification and save a lot of time and cost

  • the project helps architects and non-professionals optimize social housing unit arrangement strategies to 协调 自上而下的 activate urban regeneration processes at the neighborhood scale.

  • 版本2

  • the arrangement of Modular Flat Design for mass customization in social housing is a complax task

    The synergy between the top-down design strategies of architects and the unique bottom-up spatial adjacency requirements of the public takes time and costs.

  • Fast integration of space layout and performance in the early design stages facilitates design enhancement.

  • However, the classical approach is independent rather than holistic, and it is based on a very limited number of observations and sectoral approaches.

  • To this end, we developed an interactive 3d spatial arrangement method for the fast automatic social housing space planning and analysing

  • The tool helps architects and citizens collaborate to count the adjacency requirements of complex spatial relationships for fast generation

    People can interactively modify architectural elements and topological relationships to suit different projects based on real-time visualization of space performance.

    It can be used in a different geometric and social context

  • For the generation of 3D social housing layout, the designer can start the planning layout process by entering the spatial model data recorded in excel and the architectural framework designed by the architect, and then defining the interconnection of various model spaces And generate the 3d prototypes by the physical model which simulating the analogy of force based on architecture’s adjacency requirements. At the same time Offering real-time space feedback on spatial performance.

    A novel index Spatial proximity average distance was jointly proposed to evaluate the obtained results.

    The system produces the output within 10 seconds, which is drastically faster than the conventional manual workflow.

    The algorithm is designed for Grasshopper, physics engine Kangaroo, spiderweb, all running in the Rhino 3D environment.

  • a case study is Hongkong Authority upgrade strategies for adopting a new library of Modular Flat Design for mass customization in social housing.

  • Finally, we demonstrate how to compare designs based on various performance analysis measures and discuss the limitations that arise when we apply our method in hongkong

  • The results indicate that the tool can quickly generate various spatial prototypes and reduce the distance of modular with adjacent needs. The interaction of the analytic and generative process reduced the time and cost of the initial design stage

  • The project helped architects and non-professionals to work in synergy to optimize strategies for the arrangement of social housing units in a way that coordinated a top-down activation of the urban regeneration process at the neighborhood scale

  • promblem

  • object

  • automatic Space layout planning for complex issue

  • visualiztion of spl ajanceny requirement

  • SPL interactive phisical model

  • frame

  • software implacation

  • 输入模块

  • 决策和关系面板

  • 生成器

  • 评估和修正模块

  • 代理具体的物理模型

  • our tool was the application to test application high complexity in spatial relationships and

    This Archiford LLC archiford.com architectural studio designed social housing concept design and merge the data according to Hongkong authority specifications in 2018. With this expertise, we have used data source of Hongkong client interviews about spatial relationships and social-spatial unit requirement posted by Archiford 2018.6. using x units with different characters shows in excel and adjacency matrix for Hongkong social housing project (Table 1), a site in Hongkong with an irregular boundary volume and five height floor which is the part of social housing was chosen to test interactive space arrangement tool in physical engine Kangaroo.
    Figure

  • This Archiford LLC archiford.com architectural studio designed social housing concept design and merge the data according to Hongkong authority specifications in 2018. With this expertise, we have used data source of Hongkong client interviews about spatial relationships and social-spatial unit requirement posted by Archiford 2018.6. using x units with different characters shows in excel and adjacency matrix for Hongkong social housing project (Table 1), a site in Hongkong with an irregular boundary volume and five height floor which is the part of social housing was chosen to test interactive space arrangement tool in physical engine Kangaroo.
    Figure

  • 图展 x-x depict the Grasshopper definition for this specific 情况的参数设定,and 生成计算过程,using the steps outlined in Section 2.2.

  • 图 运行过程

  • 图 一个方案

  • 平均距离图 多个方案 。 space distance value

  • reslut x shows the x

  • Recursive Shadow Casting - Preforms recursive shadow casting on a visual graph grid and outputs the visual graph. (Turner, Doxa, et al. 2001)

  • The definition creates a line connecting the origin points for every adjacency requirement. A lower value indi- cates a closer proximity and more optimized adjacency. The definition adds up the total distance of all adja- cency lines, which can be weighted to create greater attraction or repulsion in order to prioritize certain adja- cencies over others or ensure two program elements are isolated from one another. The Galapagos evolutionary solver will try to minimize this total distance to improve fitness.

  • 作为该工具的延展 把楼全局做了户型得到相应的方案

  • We feel that our prototype system provides a convincing demonstration of the attractiveness of the responsive design approach and the use of physically based methods in implementing this approach. its spend 20s for genrating

    交互的 3d methods 不但能fast gnerate space layout also交互的方式 优化 方案原型based on Real-time visualization of space performance

  • The fact that the physically based objectives do most of the work allows one to easily explore many design possibilities

  • Design solutions are created automatically from a small set of design objectives, and the system is very flexible in that design objects can be easily manipulated, allowing new designs to emmerge.

  • Our current implementation is highly interactive and results are produced in real time, but whether or not this will hold for more complicated designs is an open question.

  • From the results shown in the case study, the requirements from the social housing in Hongkong project can be fulfilled with our tool and showing the muti performance parameter in real time. The arrangement layouts can be automatically generated based on the ajanctive need and units characters record in excel . Moreover, the designers can interactively modify the space arrangement layout by changing individual unit to achieve satisfying results.

  • advantage

  • limited and future work

  • From our case study, it has been proved that our physically-based tool can efficiently and effectively implement automatic space arrangement and performance feedback process in practice. Cooperation of designers in different fields can benefit from the interactive 3d prototyping space arrangement which saves a lot of manual work and requalify the synthesis of 3D units arrangement destined and Complexity in 3dspace to improve social cohesion with a view to sustainability and densification.

    However, it has also been found in Hongkong case study, that the physical gravitational structure and range of gravitational values have their own limitations to implement the needs of More accurate space arrangement the problem. Although all errors can be adust by manual optimisation as intermediate solutions, a better mechanics hierarchy and parameters range is required to solve the fully automatic problem.

    In future, more systematic mechanical architecture and accurate weighting parameters for optimization methods and holistic evaluation strategies should be developed to better fulfil the space arrange synthesis.

  • We have introduced the concept of responsive designdeveloped. We have also demonstrated, with a simple prototype system, that the concepts of physically based modeling provide concrete principles around which to construct such tools. O

  • This work was supported in part by an architecture design company archiford ltd .

  • Despite being regarded as a thriving international city, housing crisis remains a serious problem for Hong Kong.

  • As one of the most densely populated cities around the world, the population density of Hong Kong has reached 7,140 people per square kilometer in 2020. There are about 3.3 million people as 44.7 percent of the population living in the social houses. According to the report by the LTHS Annual Progress Report 2015, 460,000 units are estimated to be required from 2015 to 2025.

  • Currently, there are about 720,000 families as 30 percent of the population living in the rental housing units. The targets of Hong Kong Housing Authority are providing approximate 15,000 new rental housing units per year, and maintain the waiting time around 3 years for the applicants on the Waiting list of the rental units. (2011 Hong Kong Housing Authority)

  • With the increasing demand for housing, in 2008 the Authority adopted a new design strategy based on design principles of “Functional and Cost Effective”, which is massy customizing public rental housing.

  • This new library covers a whole spectrum of small modular flats (1-Person / 2-Person and 2-Person / 3-Person flats) and family modular flats (1- Bedroom and 2- Bedroom flats). Individual project architects are to adopt these standard modular flats to make up their building blocks to suit individual site configurations.

  • however

  • socail housing 模块 arrangment process 中 ,协调architect 的自上而下的 修改 design strategy 和 自下而上的独特的民众空间邻近需求是个long and 复杂的work .

  • 快速的gnerating space lay out with performance during the early design stage can be beneficial to design enhancement and help architect and 非专业人员协作

  • The sustainability factors, such as social relations, public demand, environmental factors, economic, and sustainable mobility are challenging to be simultaneously considered with space layout planing requirements together to make the smart city decision

  • but classical approaches are based on very limited observations and sectoral methods.

  • 近几年 There has been much research and discussion regarding which computeral automatic space layout programme in 2d , but lack of 交互的 3d methods 不但能fast gnerate space layout also交互的方式 优化 方案原型based on Real-time visualization of space performance

  • To this end, we developed an interactive 3d spatial layout method for the fast automatic social housing space planning layout and opitimzing in initial design stage

  • object is that

  • tool can help architect and cityzens 协作with 统计复杂相邻需求 for fast 原型gnernation. people can 修改 both architectural elements and topology relation in a inerative way based on realtime visualiztion of the susnable performance .It can be used to 不同几何形态和社会条件 to fit different project.

  • the model attempts to combine the gnerating supported by phical parametric model and visulazing Real-time sustainable performance indicators as an Integrated tool for fast generating prototypes and 优化

  • object

    1 共同的平台协调建筑师和非专业者can record the data of socail housing 数量和不同模块种类 by excel and 自动化生成几何体。并且统计处理the 几何体之间的邻近和相关的空间拓扑关系

    2 generate space layout by stumilating in automatic and an interactive way which designers can not only modify the geomerty but also the relation of space adjection

    3 计算all component to all component 路径average disatance visualising the performance which shows the acessbility and 特定空间的相邻关系

  • in design process computeral method automatic space layout play an important role in ealy stage for complex issue
    (aslp) 核心观点

  • The complexity of spatial planning has been one of the major issues, which has plagued researchers for a long period. The complexity of design and construction is increasing while the duration of the initial design step is significantly decreasing, which change the activity of the space planning design (Donato 2017).

  • Space layout planning can itself be broken down into two problems, determining topological or qualitative properties, and determining geometric or quantitative properties (Jo and Gero, 1998; Flemming, 1989).

    拓扑关系和定量

  • The traditional urban design methods have a significant drawback, which heavily relies on the static and sectoral approaches, which cannot fulfil the complex and dynamic SLP requirement. However, optimization of the traditional method is important (Miao, Yufan,2017).

  • aslp 可以解决复杂的 社会关系问题 There is a strong relationship between social relations and space plan. There are 3 sustainable facets which are connected tightly with the space plan: social, economic and environmental. Hillier and Hanson (1983) presented “space syntax” as a concept which is associate with social relation.

  • aSLP is not only deal with the relationship between geometrical and topological but also includes merging the co-working units, minimizing material costs and transport distances, improving productivity, satisficing the residents and maximizing the daylight using.

  • Monjur MOURSHED PhD said the optimization of SLP aims to minimize the consumption of the energy used (the sum of heating, lighting and cooling energy requirements) and increase the compactness of planning. He also mentioned the implementation of the genetic algorithm aims to optimize the size, scale and the relative position of the units. A mature algorithm should minimize energy consumption and satisfice the requirement of topology and geometry in the design process.

  • 核心

    近几年 There has been much research and discussion regarding which computeral automatic space layout programme in 2d for 抽象模型解决complax issue ,

  • Due to the combinatorial nature (the size of the solution space grows exponentially with the size of the problem considered) of SLP problem (Jo and Gero 1996), the solution space becomes large and complicated for a human designer to find solutions (Liggett 1981). 解决方案复杂

    单独的spl tool 很难让人找到满足现状的lay out ,realtime of performance能帮助我们以动态的方式设计最好的方案

  • 快速的gnerating space lay out with performance during the early design stage can be beneficial to design enhancement.

  • adjancency and requirement was 广泛的used to analysing and asseing the 空间relationship performance

  • Based on Boutabba, H. and Farhi, A. (2011), importance is incorporated into the process of generating the spatial configuration and building space and is necessary in its social organization and intrinsic components.
    空间分布很重要

  • During schematic building design, an architect develops an overall aesthetic motivation for the building, while trying to arrange individual spaces so they meet the adjacency and area requirements specified in the functional program@1999Arvin, Scott A. 相邻性

  • This article explores the utilization of Grasshopper (a Rhino plugin) as an analytical tool to graphically repre- sent a three-dimensional analysis of adjacency require- ments in space layout planning. @2015Boon, Christopher 相邻关系满组

  • 优化邻近医院的距离总和可视化

  • SPL genrating part and analysiing 拓扑空间关系performance 是individual和静态的。 分析基于成果of空间或者是成果的position 功能等简单 factor进行 优化,

    howerver 在真实的architecture设计流程中 , 建筑空间需求,建筑功能,社会空间关系connect, 建筑geometry 形态 建筑师策略等物理以及非物理影响因素共同作用于结果。

    visualiztion of 一个动态的实时的复杂影响因素的系统是之后要做的工作

  • 交互的 3d methods fast gnerate space layout also交互的方式 优化 方案原型based on Real-time visualization of space performance \

  • interactive phisical model as a parametric tool connect the SLP fast generation part and 动态 modifition based on realtime feedback of space 拓扑 ajancey perfomance

  • The interaction with aimed users is important which cannot be ignored. Although researchers have developed many researched to implement automating design process, most of these researched lack the direct interaction with aimed users and go against the design language that architects used. This interaction process need be shown at the initial design stage. 交互很重要

  • Physically-based space planning is a means to automate the conceptual
    design process by applying the physics of motion to space plan elements.

    Baraff uses that method to model the realistic behavior of rigid bodies in resting (non-colliding) contact (Baraff, 1989) and building objects by dynamic constraints (Barzel & Barr, 1988).

  • Some approaches to automated space layout planning use an iterative process of constructive initial placement, in which spaces are positioned one at a time (Liggett and Mitchell, 1981; Flemming and Chien, 1995). In these approaches, an ordering function is needed to determine which space to position first.

  • Physically based modeling has been used to model the realistic behavior of rigid bodies (Barzel and Barr, 1988; Baraff, 1989) as well as deformable models (Terzopoulos et. al., 1987)

  • Arvin & House work. They applied
    the mechanical metaphor technique to the generation of architectural floor plans by using the analogy of mechanical springs and dampers to model a variety of design objectives (Arvin & House, 2002)

  • The tool introduces an algorithm that simulates the analogy of mechanical springs through an interactive simulation of a parametric model.@2016ElSayed,

    Mohamed

    automatic multi-stories space planning tool that helps low-income citizens to modify their prototype housing provided by the government.

  • but lack of consideration about Integrity space reqiurement.

    自下而上的居民的需求part and architect strategy of genrating part and analysiing 空间关系performance 是individual和步骤式的。 it is a chanllange of 建造一个整体的platform

  • the space arrangement framework has been designed in 4 modular components, namely (a) input, (b)design and decision components, (c)space layout planner (d) performance evaluator

  • The theoretical approach that authors use is the simulation of the analogy of mechanical springs and boxes collision to reorganize and amend architectural spaces proximity.

  • The authors developed the algorithm in the generative design tool Grasshopper and the live physics engine Kangaroo,Topological and spatial syntax visualization tool spiderweb, all working within the Rhino 3D environment

  • “SpiderWeb”enables the use of Space Syntax in parametric

    modelling and its pursuit in computational design

    2013 Richard Schaffranek

  • 这个我截图的要模仿的和文字没有关系

  • Prototype information modelling

  • Qualifying inputs for the main building structure and boundaries.

    Determination of the operation areas start by input the geometry in Rhino
    (a)Determination of the operation area. the main structure remains the structure gathering point will be set as a gravitational origin such as a building core, which later modular will make automatic space planning layout and they will be arranged around it.
    (b)Prepared a 3d volume initial position modular. The range of distribution of the prototype space, the initial position will affect the final arrangement result
    (c)Result. After calculating the 3D arrangement volume. The tool will automatically fill in the shapes with a three dimensional, 3d box grid that can also be adjusted to match the main structure and boundary as desired. The demation of 3d box gird will be defined as the smallest multiple of a constituent modular.

  • Prototype information modelling

    Utilizing the lunch box in Rhino and enter the parameter specifying the design intent in Excel. Parameter transforms information into a 3d physical model. Modifications appear instantly on the software screen as a 3D-colored model, users can change the parameters which are Rome name, Function, Spaces information, Number of charts, 3d scale (Area and height can be defined by designers) (which should be considered dependent on minimax factor of 3dgrid )The module space will be modelled automatically and randomly assigned within the volume. The designer can adjust the initial position of the module according to a vague intention, in this step the architect can optimize and adapt the spatial prototype to any shape and initial position as long as the scale modulus of the prototype matches the 3d gird.

  • Adjacency relations input to physical models of mechanics.

    Macroscopically, the architect needs to input factors such as the main structure of the building, sunlight, orientation, boundaries, main gathering points, etc. into the linkage and gravitational weights of a particular spatial unit. First, the design requirements and sustainable elements will be abstracted into a rigid body of suitable objects static, which will then attract dynamic units with specific weights. The result of the operation will be close to the side of the old people’s room that gets more sunlight (similarly cases such as commercial units close to the main street, greenery units close to public spaces, etc. can be freely defined and taken into account in the design).

    The physical gravitational relations of the system are defined according to the adjacency relations and specific design requirements. The algorithm is based on the GH platform of the universal modelling software rhino which specifies the links and adjacency weights between units, which facilitates specific model modifications for architects faced with specific needs for various building situations. The authors divided the spring forces link into groups to achieve the hierarchy in the desired space relations. (a) Micro-relationships refer to the adjacency between the unit and the unit (b) Macro-relationships refer to the adjacency of all unit groups to the main body of the building and to the environment.

    (a) Microscopic adjacency between units and unites This program adjacency matrix was introduced to assist in defining complex relationships and weights between units and unites. The architect can complete the matrix based on client interviews and smoothly define complex unit-unit relationships. The numbers on the charts represent the various needs of the client. The matrix forms a hierarchy of space in terms of priority and ranks the adjacency requirement of each element in relation to all other elements in the chart. There are three different levels of importance indicated by tones.

    (b) At the macro level, the architect needs to input factors such as the structure of the building body, sunlight, orientation, boundaries, major gathering points, etc. into the linkage and gravitational weights of a particular spatial unit. First, the design requirements and sustainable elements will be abstracted into a rigid body of suitable objects static, which will then attract dynamic units with specific weights. The result of the operation will be close to the side of the old people’s room that gets more sunlight (similarly cases such as commercial units close to the main street, greenery units close to public spaces, etc. can be freely defined and taken into account in the design).

  • Simulation and interactive adjustment

    Run the simulation. Based on Kangaroo, simulation can be implemented of the analogy of mechanical springs and unit collision to fast generate the unit combination by inputting spaces proximity relationship. The definition creates a line connecting the units for every adjacency requirement. A higher value attractiveness indicates closer proximity and more optimized adjacency. The result is caused by Various gravitational forces in space for spacesuit attraction and repulsion.

    users can modify the result in a ineractive way by changing the architecture elements or adjacency requirementThe

    simulation goes mainly in two steps.

    a. Topological adjacency operations

    unit and unit archive the space proximity relations by using ‘spring force’ mechanical simulation to generate the initial location of individual units and affects how units relate to each other.
    The forces were abstraction into axial forces, one point at the centre of the unit connect to another point with the line, the physics engine Kangaroo simulates the spring force physics. box-collide was defined to make sure the results of the operations are closely linked and orthogonal.

    b. Calculations between groups

    For the global all-unit attraction by the building space, meeting the objective of filling the building boundary. By using another Kangaroo engine. The vertical traffic space is generally set up as a core of attraction to ensure the realization of traffic in the multi-storey arrangement. The centre points of the unit connect with architecture geometry centre point. architecture volume boundary plays a role as a big box-collide as a container to full will with units. The design of the built form will be translated into rigid volume boundaries and spaces will meet unique spatial forms while satisfying topological adjacencies. Users can add or delete any design factor which can be defined as a geometry for interacting with units, such as sunshine, wind direction, preferences of floor level, etc., which can be abstracted as physical gravity models.

    c. Parameter requirements

    The range of force value designed as a slider bar component of grasshopper from 0-1000N.users need to consider the weight of various demand factor to make a decision.

  • Spatial layout modifition and real-time visualisation of average 路径distance performance

  • average distance and spcae adjecnt value were jointly proposed to evaluate the obtained results.

  • 空间邻近 fitness(realtime)

    The definition creates lines between program units connecting the each units for every adjacency requirement. the lines total distance will add up and average processing, which can be weighted to the average distance A lower value indicates closer proximity and more optimized adjacency. users can consider and try to minimize this total distance to improve fitness.

  • space 路径average distance (slow)

    when 确定了space layout , input 空间交通联通路径,计算每个空间节点到每个空间的路径平均距离(非欧空间距离). showing accessbility of each space .low value repsent a better accessbility and 公共性

  • Utilizing the plugin named spiderweb in GH, which provides functionality for preforming calculations on graphs. The library is created with a special focus on the integration of graphs and graph-related theories (e.g. SpaceSyntax) in parametric design environments. develop an algorithm to generate a visualization of sustainable performance factors.

  • Space Syntax can be used to predict, qualify and quantify aspects of human behaviour of
    different design proposals and the impact on their neighbourhoods.

  • Evaluation and Revised design

    After stimulation is completed, users will get resulting solution with visualization performance showing spaces proximity value, accessibility. If the prototype is accepted by considering the performance of space character in Realtime, users can bake the model to Rhino. If not, users can modify inputs factor by 1 changing the modular or architectural elements position 2 changing the force value of different step string 3changing the architecture form volume.
    If the simulation step was wrong, the system will send warning messages to guide them.

  • After calculating the layout of the unit boundry, designers make a choice of plan,

  • the designed modular with detail will be proxied to the appropriate location.

  • 如图表展示部分香港楼的了空间unit数量和的需求

  • gh 显示 一个梯形类似的不规则边界被设定

  • programme的参数定义了units 属性,引力相邻关系 ,图

  • 1.The advantages of this tool, particularly with social housing, are that the system uses multiple layers of the gravitational system as a holistic simulation result. This allows critical spatial relationships to be arranged in an adaptive way to simultaneously consider the requirements of multiple factors solutions. For example, the elders’ space in figure x always is placed based on rules of Closing to the stairs and closer to the south side for the light at the same time. The adaptability of the system can help designers solve the more complex actual situation

  • People from multiple directions can collaborate

  • are that the system is simulated with multiple layers of gravitational system holistic results

  • 2 Regular and orthogonal space-filling calculations are implemented in literature such as xxx and xxx. In this system figure x shows irregular physical forms can also be filled in, the logical of filling logic need to be defined by manual to fulfil the vertical traffic, but this system makes a contribution for free automation of built form space arrangement. even for complex building designs, in the reasonably near future.

  • 3.the major advantages in using this system for space arrangement for social housing is the fact that the visualization of the result performance would be modified and decided for the architect in the conceptual design stage when they are facing a large number and complexity of initial problems. From section x to x ,designers can generate the final space prototype and the plan characteristics in a few seconds.

  • 4 People from multiple fields can collaborate based on Building information model. The model not only records the physical geometry but also the information such as the weight of adjacent space, space dimensions, complex unit characters and relationship, and the performance corresponds to the generation of each programme. Using general language for cross-platform collaboration,especially in hongkong case using excel as the input of data, it can save time costsand for enhancing management of the lifecycle.

  • In this case, a lot of manual work is required

  • There are several limitations to this script.

  • In some results, solutions were loose and not compacted in setback (Figure 4:b, c, d and f). This script currently treats units as dynamic gravity element in Kangaroo during the Calculation process. For many cases, too much mechanics act together and the whole system does not reach a steady-state to give results. This could lead to units gradually become disconnected with each other at a long time Mechanical interference. Further development of the script would be necessary to put more mechanics control structural optimisation on programs for generating a stable result.

  • Some spaces were not accessible (Figure x ,because the unappropriate values were set for the spring constants. In this case, a lot of manual work is required to adjust the force value to fix to unit single-unit accessibility. In future work, finding a range of mechanics values that apply to more range design situations is necessary. For a systematic mechanics value range, data experiments need to be carried out in large numbers

  • The building design is concerned with satisfying various assessment objectives, which are sometimes in conflict with each other. The performance data showed in figure x space performance with the good shadow casting but a long traffic flow, when faced with a large number of this kind of units, its a challenge for People to globally optimize. Performance of various indicators, therefore, needs to be assessed as a whole rather than in isolation in the near future step. The palapas multi-factor optimisation systems or ai data learning would be a scalable direction for global holistic assessment of space to calculate fitness rankings

  • 1不同项目物理形式的特异性需求 不同的建筑结构和建筑形式都可以快速自动的安排填充模块,

  • 2复杂和更多元的unit组合 arrange 满足邻近需求by 社会关系。模块的组合以力学为基础

  • 3.实时的反馈并且可供后人延展的bim 讯息工作平台 ,收录讯息用于可持续建筑发展

  • adjacency and requirement

  • “运算区域的确定 start by input the geometry in Rhino(a)the main structurenremain structure聚集点将会被设定成引力原点如建筑核心筒等 which 之后modular will make automatic space planning layout 会围绕着它展开安排(b) prepared 3d体积\ninitial position modular 原型空间的分布范围,初始的位置会影响到最后的安排结果\n\n(c) result 运算后3d arrangement volume. The tool will automatically fill in the shapes with a three dimensional, 3d box grid that can also be adjusted to match the main structure and boundary as desired. the \n\n3d box gird 的demation will be 定义成组成modular的最小倍数

  • 利用rhino中lunch box 的功能 在Excel 输入规定设计意向的讯息。 讯息transform information into a 3d physical model. Modifications appear instantly on the software screen as a 3D colored models ,users can change the 讯息是 name,function,spaces information chart 数量 3d尺寸(面积和高度可以自由定义)(which should be considered dependent on minimax 倍数 of 3dgrid )模块空间将会被automatic 建模并且随机的分配在 volume内.设计者可以根据模糊的意向去调整模块的初始位置, 在这个步骤建筑师可以优化和调整空间原型任意形态和初始位置只要只要确保原型的尺度模数与3d gird匹配。

  • 宏观上 ,建筑师需要输入, 建筑主体结构,阳光,朝向,边界,主要聚集点,等因子对特定空间unit的链接和引力权重 。首先设计需求和可持续要素将会被抽象成合适的物体staic的刚体,然后刚体将会以特定权重吸引动态的unit。例如南向阳光可以被抽象为一个box在south,如果它老人房间与他相连接并且给于足够的引力权重。运算的result就会接近于老人房间在获得更多阳关的一面(同样case如商业体unit接近主要街道,绿色植物unit接近公共空间,等等空间相邻问题都可以被自由的定义和考虑进设计中

  • 定义系统的物理引力关系根据相邻关系和特殊设计需求。算法基于普遍建模软件rhino 的gh platform 明确unit 之间的链接和相邻的权重关系,这方便建筑师面临特殊的各种建筑情况需求进行特异性的模型修改。 The authors divided the spring forces link into groups to achieve the hierarchy in the desired space relations. (a)微观关系指unit 和unit 之间的相邻关系(b)宏观关系指所有unit group和建筑主体以及环境的相邻关系

  • (a)微观上 unit 和unit 之间的相邻关系 This program adjacency matrix was 引入 to assist 定义复杂的unit和unit之间关系和权重。 建筑师可以根据client interviews 完成矩阵,并且顺利的定义复杂的unit和unit之间的关系 。如图The numbers on the charts represent the various needs of the client. The matrix forms a hierarchy of space in terms of priority and ranks the adjacency requirement of each element in relation to all other elements in the chart. There are three different levels of importance indicated by tones

  • (b)宏观上 ,建筑师需要输入, 建筑主体结构,阳光,朝向,边界,主要聚集点,等因子对特定空间unit的链接和引力权重 。首先设计需求和可持续要素将会被抽象成合适的物体staic的刚体,然后刚体将会以特定权重吸引动态的unit。例如南向阳光可以被抽象为一个box在south,如果它老人房间与他相连接并且给于足够的引力权重。运算的result就会接近于老人房间在获得更多阳关的一面(同样case如商业体unit接近主要街道,绿色植物unit接近公共空间,等等空间相邻问题都可以被自由的定义和考虑进设计中

  • run the simulation. 基于 kangaroo 我们能够实现simulation of the analogy of mechanical springs and unit collision to fast generate the unit combination by inputting spaces proximity relationship.The definition creates line connecting the units for every adjacency requirement. A higher value 引力indicates a closer proximity and more optimized adjacency。result是空间各种引力对于空间unit吸引和排斥的综合结果
    The simulation goes mainly in two steps.
    1.Step one 拓扑相邻运算

    unit and unit archive the space proximity relations by using ‘spring force’ mechanical simulation to generate the initial location of individual units and affects how units relates to each other.

    The forces was 抽象成轴向的力, one points at the center of unit connect to another point with line ,The physics engine Kangaroo simulates the spring force physics. box-collide was defined make sure 运算结果是紧密相连和正交的。

    2.Step two unit group
    second step 针对全局所有的unit被建筑空间吸引 ,满足填充满足建筑边界目标。by using another kangroo engine。垂直交通空间一般会被设定成吸引的核心,以保证多层arrangement的交通实现。the center point of unit connect with architecture geometry center point . architecture volume boundary play a role as a big box-collide as a 容器 to fullwill with units. 建筑形式的设计将会被转化为刚体体积边界,空间将会在满足拓扑相邻关系的同时,满足独特的空间形式。users can add or delete any design factor which can be defined as a geomerty for ineracting with units.如阳光,风向,楼层上下的偏好等因子都可以抽象为物理引力模型

    3.参数要求
    the range of force value designed as a slider bar componate of grasshopper from 0-1000N.users need consider weight of various demand factor to make decision

  • 计算完unit的排布之后,Generate 每一个细化的space 布局,根据相邻性权重和建筑师手工单元体隔墙的删减增加优化之后得到更完整的空间模型。利用gh平台的spiderweb 插件SpiderWeb provides functionality for preforming calculations on graphs. The library is created with a special focuse on the integration of graphs and graph related theroies (e.g. SpaceSyntax) in parametric design envoirnments. develop agorithm to generate visualization of susnable performance factors .

    (a)average disatances
    The definition creates lines between program units connecting the origin points for every adjacency requirement.the lines total distance will be adds up and 平均处理, which can be weighted to the average distacne A lower value indicates a closer proximity and more optimized adjacency. users can consider and try to minimize this total distance to improve fitness.
    (b)shadow casting
    (c)longth of boundary

    {"cards":[{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153c","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22088904,"position":1.5,"parentId":null,"content":"title"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153d","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22088857,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153c","content":"THE interactive SPATIAL ARRANGEMENT and 分析的 model for ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE 布局优化\n Casestudy: hongkong socail housing building "},{"_id":"3f335ba767de6a13a50002c6","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22136854,"position":1.625,"parentId":null,"content":"EN abstrac 1"},{"_id":"3f335b3267de6a13a50002c7","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22136855,"position":1,"parentId":"3f335ba767de6a13a50002c6","content":"This paper is motivated by the fact that in Hongkong, approximately 460,000 units are demand for Complexity and high-density social housing from 2015 to 2025, and Hongkong Authority upgrades strategies for adopting a new library of Modular Flat Design for mass customization in social housing.however traditional space layout methods rely heavily on the static and sectoral approaches, which can't fully fulfill the satisfaction of fast Variety generation and Optimization of complex and extensive adjacency requirements. To this end, we developed an interactive 3d spatial layout method for the fast automatic social housing space planning layout and optimizing tool can help architect and citizens to collaborate on complex statistical adjacency requirements for fast prototype generation. users can modify both architectural elements and topology relation iteratively based on real-time visualization of the sustainable performance. It can be used to Different geometries and social conditions to fit different projects.\nFor the generation of 3D social housing layout, the designer can start the planning layout process by entering the spatial model data recorded in excel and the architectural framework designed by the architect, and then defining the interconnection of various model spaces And generate the 3d prototypes by the physical model which simulating the analogy of force based on architecture’s adjacency requirements. At the same time Offering real-time space feedback on spatial performance. A novel index Spatial proximity average distance was jointly proposed to evaluate the obtained results. The system produces the output within 10 seconds, which is drastically faster than the conventional manual workflow.The algorithm is designed for Grasshopper, physics engine Kangaroo, spiderweb, all running in the Rhino 3D environment.\nThe algorithm was designed for Grasshopper, the physics engine Kangaroo, and spiderweb, all running in the Rhino 3D environment.\nFinally, we demonstrate how the designs can be compared based on various performance analysis measures and discuss the limitations that arise when our approach is applied in Hongkong.\nThe results indicate that the tool can quickly generate various spatial prototypes and reduce the distance of modular with adjacent needs. The interaction of the analytic and generative process reduced the time and cost of the initial design stage \nThe project helped architects and non-professionals to work in synergy to optimize strategies for the arrangement of social housing units in a way that coordinated a top-down activation of the urban regeneration process at the neighborhood scale"},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22096730,"position":1.75,"parentId":null,"content":"Abstract版面1 "},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c075494","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22088879,"position":1,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"版本1 "},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c075495","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097283,"position":2,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"This paper is motivated by the fact that in hongkong, approximately 460,000 units demand for Complexity and high-density social housing from 2015 to 2025 and hongkong Authority upgrade strategies for adopting a new library of Modular Flat Design for mass customization in socail housing."},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c075496","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22136857,"position":3,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"however traditional space layout methods rely heavily on the static and sectoral approaches , which canotfully fulfill satisfaction of fast 多样性gneration and optimize the Complex and 大量的 adjacency requirements . "},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c075499","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097284,"position":6,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"To this end, we developed an interactive 3d spatial layout method for the fast automatic social housing space planning layout and opitimzing "},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c07549a","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097057,"position":7,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"tool can help architect and cityzens 协作with 统计复杂相邻需求 for fast 原型gnernation. people can 修改 both architectural elements and topology relation in a inerative way based on realtime visualiztion of the susnable performance .It can be used to 不同几何形态和社会条件 to fit different project.","deleted":false},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c07549b","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137335,"position":8,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"For a generation of 3d social housing layout, designers can start the planning layout process by inputting space modulardata which recorded by excel and architecture element , then drafting how moudlers are interconnected. And generate the 3d prototypes by physical model which simulating the analogy of force based on architecture’s adjacency requirements. At the same time Offering real-time space feedback on spatial performance.\n\n"},{"_id":"3f30e1e867de6a13a50002c8","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137337,"position":8.5,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":" A novel index 平均距离 was jointly proposed to evaluate the obtained results. The system produces the output within 10 seconds, which is drastically faster than the conventional manual workflow.\n\nThe algorithm is designed for Grasshopper, physics engine Kangaroo, spiderweb, all running in the Rhino 3D environment."},{"_id":"3f8061402a0653e8d30005e8","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097164,"position":9.5,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"Finally, we demonstrate how to compare designs based on various performance analysis measures and discuss the limitations that arise when we apply our method in hongkong "},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c07549d","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097166,"position":10,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"Results indicate that this tool requalify and 优化了 the 空间邻近距离 和 复杂关系 of socail housing in hongkong to improve social cohesion with a view to sustainability and densification and save a lot of time and cost "},{"_id":"600ca876d18a06047c07549e","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097169,"position":11,"parentId":"600ca876d18a06047c075493","content":"the project helps architects and non-professionals optimize social housing unit arrangement strategies to 协调 自上而下的 activate urban regeneration processes at the neighborhood scale. "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22096733,"position":2,"parentId":null,"content":"Abstract版面2 "},{"_id":"3f8170b02a0653e8d300050f","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22096760,"position":0.328125,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"版本2 "},{"_id":"3f7f9c4d2a0653e8d30006dc","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137360,"position":0.330322265625,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"the arrangement of Modular Flat Design for mass customization in social housing is a complax task\n\nThe synergy between the top-down design strategies of architects and the unique bottom-up spatial adjacency requirements of the public takes time and costs."},{"_id":"3f7f2f042a0653e8d30006e2","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137263,"position":0.3306865096092224,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"Fast integration of space layout and performance in the early design stages facilitates design enhancement."},{"_id":"3f7f4fb72a0653e8d30006e1","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137280,"position":0.33068838715553284,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"However, the classical approach is independent rather than holistic, and it is based on a very limited number of observations and sectoral approaches.","deleted":false},{"_id":"3f9a4ad2cb8db250c50006f7","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101805,"position":0.3358154296875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"To this end, we developed an interactive 3d spatial arrangement method for the fast automatic social housing space planning and analysing"},{"_id":"3f7f6bd02a0653e8d30006e0","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137331,"position":0.336181640625,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"\nThe tool helps architects and citizens collaborate to count the adjacency requirements of complex spatial relationships for fast generation \n\nPeople can interactively modify architectural elements and topological relationships to suit different projects based on real-time visualization of space performance.\n\n\nIt can be used in a different geometric and social context "},{"_id":"3f30ddfb67de6a13a50002ca","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137342,"position":0.34588623046875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"For the generation of 3D social housing layout, the designer can start the planning layout process by entering the spatial model data recorded in excel and the architectural framework designed by the architect, and then defining the interconnection of various model spaces And generate the 3d prototypes by the physical model which simulating the analogy of force based on architecture’s adjacency requirements. At the same time Offering real-time space feedback on spatial performance. \n\nA novel index Spatial proximity average distance was jointly proposed to evaluate the obtained results. \n\nThe system produces the output within 10 seconds, which is drastically faster than the conventional manual workflow. \n\nThe algorithm is designed for Grasshopper, physics engine Kangaroo, spiderweb, all running in the Rhino 3D environment."},{"_id":"3f9a64b7cb8db250c50006f4","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137344,"position":0.375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"a case study is Hongkong Authority upgrade strategies for adopting a new library of Modular Flat Design for mass customization in social housing."},{"_id":"3f819e062a0653e8d300018e","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097165,"position":0.65625,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"Finally, we demonstrate how to compare designs based on various performance analysis measures and discuss the limitations that arise when we apply our method in hongkong "},{"_id":"3f9a2e2ccb8db250c50006f8","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137351,"position":0.875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"The results indicate that the tool can quickly generate various spatial prototypes and reduce the distance of modular with adjacent needs. The interaction of the analytic and generative process reduced the time and cost of the initial design stage"},{"_id":"3f999de87ddd460f8d000170","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137355,"position":0.9375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153e","content":"The project helped architects and non-professionals to work in synergy to optimize strategies for the arrangement of social housing units in a way that coordinated a top-down activation of the urban regeneration process at the neighborhood scale"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041553","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097265,"position":3,"parentId":null,"content":"Introduction版本2"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081960,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041553","content":" promblem "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041555","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081080,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":" Despite being regarded as a thriving international city, housing crisis remains a serious problem for Hong Kong."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041556","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081081,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"As one of the most densely populated cities around the world, the population density of Hong Kong has reached 7,140 people per square kilometer in 2020. There are about 3.3 million people as 44.7 percent of the population living in the social houses. According to the report by the LTHS Annual Progress Report 2015, 460,000 units are estimated to be required from 2015 to 2025."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041557","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081082,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"Currently, there are about 720,000 families as 30 percent of the population living in the rental housing units. The targets of Hong Kong Housing Authority are providing approximate 15,000 new rental housing units per year, and maintain the waiting time around 3 years for the applicants on the Waiting list of the rental units. (2011 Hong Kong Housing Authority)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041558","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081903,"position":3.6875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"With the increasing demand for housing, in 2008 the Authority adopted a new design strategy based on design principles of “Functional and Cost Effective”, which is massy customizing public rental housing."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041559","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081084,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041558","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/0fGVUIVRv2Jw95GPwGIW)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04155a","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081085,"position":5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"This new library covers a whole spectrum of small modular flats (1-Person / 2-Person and 2-Person / 3-Person flats) and family modular flats (1- Bedroom and 2- Bedroom flats). Individual project architects are to adopt these standard modular flats to make up their building blocks to suit individual site configurations.\n"},{"_id":"3f9978257ddd460f8d000175","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097256,"position":5.25,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"however "},{"_id":"3f7ee51f2a0653e8d30006ea","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22137570,"position":5.3125,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"socail housing 模块 arrangment process 中 ,协调architect 的自上而下的 修改 design strategy 和 自下而上的独特的民众空间邻近需求是个long and 复杂的work ."},{"_id":"3f7ee4712a0653e8d30006eb","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097272,"position":5.34375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"快速的gnerating space lay out with performance during the early design stage can be beneficial to design enhancement and help architect and 非专业人员协作"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04155d","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097301,"position":5.359375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"The sustainability factors, such as social relations, public demand, environmental factors, economic, and sustainable mobility are challenging to be simultaneously considered with space layout planing requirements together to make the smart city decision"},{"_id":"3f7ee7232a0653e8d30006e9","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097280,"position":5.375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"but classical approaches are based on very limited observations and sectoral methods. "},{"_id":"3f7e9eb02a0653e8d30006ee","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097296,"position":6.25,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041554","content":"近几年 There has been much research and discussion regarding which computeral automatic space layout programme in 2d , but lack of 交互的 3d methods 不但能fast gnerate space layout also交互的方式 优化 方案原型based on Real-time visualization of space performance "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04155f","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081961,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041553","content":" object "},{"_id":"3f7eab4a2a0653e8d30006ec","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097288,"position":1.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04155f","content":"To this end, we developed an interactive 3d spatial layout method for the fast automatic social housing space planning layout and opitimzing in initial design stage "},{"_id":"3f7ea9332a0653e8d30006ed","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097290,"position":2.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04155f","content":"object is that "},{"_id":"3f7eebc82a0653e8d30006e7","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097293,"position":2.75,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04155f","content":"tool can help architect and cityzens 协作with 统计复杂相邻需求 for fast 原型gnernation. people can 修改 both architectural elements and topology relation in a inerative way based on realtime visualiztion of the susnable performance .It can be used to 不同几何形态和社会条件 to fit different project."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041562","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097305,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04155f","content":"the model attempts to combine the gnerating supported by phical parametric model and visulazing Real-time sustainable performance indicators as an Integrated tool for fast generating prototypes and 优化"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041563","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097311,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04155f","content":"object \n\n1 共同的平台协调建筑师和非专业者can record the data of socail housing 数量和不同模块种类 by excel and 自动化生成几何体。并且统计处理the 几何体之间的邻近和相关的空间拓扑关系\n\n2 generate space layout by stumilating in automatic and an interactive way which designers can not only modify the geomerty but also the relation of space adjection\n\n3 计算all component to all component 路径average disatance visualising the performance which shows the acessbility and 特定空间的相邻关系"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041564","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081095,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041563","content":" 1不同项目物理形式的特异性需求 不同的建筑结构和建筑形式都可以快速自动的安排填充模块,"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041565","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081096,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041563","content":"2复杂和更多元的unit组合 arrange 满足邻近需求by 社会关系。模块的组合以力学为基础"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041566","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081097,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041563","content":"3.实时的反馈并且可供后人延展的bim 讯息工作平台 ,收录讯息用于可持续建筑发展"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041567","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081098,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041563","content":""},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041569","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22097312,"position":5,"parentId":null,"content":"back ground2"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120586,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041569","content":"automatic Space layout planning for complex issue"},{"_id":"3f998f007ddd460f8d000172","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101810,"position":0.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":" in design process computeral method automatic space layout play an important role in ealy stage for complex issue\n(aslp) 核心观点"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156b","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101812,"position":0.625,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":"The complexity of spatial planning has been one of the major issues, which has plagued researchers for a long period. The complexity of design and construction is increasing while the duration of the initial design step is significantly decreasing, which change the activity of the space planning design (Donato 2017)."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156c","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081103,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156b","content":"#complexity "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041580","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120651,"position":0.6875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":"Space layout planning can itself be broken down into two problems, determining topological or qualitative properties, and determining geometric or quantitative properties (Jo and Gero, 1998; Flemming, 1989). \n\n\n拓扑关系和定量"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041576","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120653,"position":1.34375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":"The traditional urban design methods have a significant drawback, which heavily relies on the static and sectoral approaches, which cannot fulfil the complex and dynamic SLP requirement. However, optimization of the traditional method is important (Miao, Yufan,2017)."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041577","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081114,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041576","content":"#traditional"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156d","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120856,"position":2.171875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":"aslp 可以解决复杂的 社会关系问题 There is a strong relationship between social relations and space plan. There are 3 sustainable facets which are connected tightly with the space plan: social, economic and environmental. Hillier and Hanson (1983) presented “space syntax” as a concept which is associate with social relation."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156e","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081105,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156d","content":"#social relation "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156f","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120859,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":"aSLP is not only deal with the relationship between geometrical and topological but also includes merging the co-working units, minimizing material costs and transport distances, improving productivity, satisficing the residents and maximizing the daylight using.\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041570","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081107,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156f","content":"#susbility fator add to slp"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041573","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120660,"position":5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":"Monjur MOURSHED PhD said the optimization of SLP aims to minimize the consumption of the energy used (the sum of heating, lighting and cooling energy requirements) and increase the compactness of planning. He also mentioned the implementation of the genetic algorithm aims to optimize the size, scale and the relative position of the units. A mature algorithm should minimize energy consumption and satisfice the requirement of topology and geometry in the design process."},{"_id":"3f717077f3fdd9189200036c","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22121068,"position":6,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":"核心 \n\n近几年 There has been much research and discussion regarding which computeral automatic space layout programme in 2d for 抽象模型解决complax issue , \n\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041578","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22140666,"position":7,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":" \n \nDue to the combinatorial nature (the size of the solution space grows exponentially with the size of the problem considered) of SLP problem (Jo and Gero 1996), the solution space becomes large and complicated for a human designer to find solutions (Liggett 1981). 解决方案复杂\n\n单独的spl tool 很难让人找到满足现状的lay out ,realtime of performance能帮助我们以动态的方式设计最好的方案 "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041579","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081116,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041578","content":""},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04157a","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081117,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041578","content":"#complexity"},{"_id":"3f52d86730d35fcceb000127","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22121094,"position":8,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04156a","content":"快速的gnerating space lay out with performance during the early design stage can be beneficial to design enhancement."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120860,"position":1.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041569","content":"visualiztion of spl ajanceny requirement\n"},{"_id":"3f53fa1630d35fcceb000123","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120613,"position":0.78125,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","content":"adjancency and requirement was 广泛的used to analysing and asseing the 空间relationship performance "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04157f","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120835,"position":0.984375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","content":"Based on Boutabba, H. and Farhi, A. (2011), importance is incorporated into the process of generating the spatial configuration and building space and is necessary in its social organization and intrinsic components. \n 空间分布很重要"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04157b","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120861,"position":1.1875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","content":"During schematic building design, an architect develops an overall aesthetic motivation for the building, while trying to arrange individual spaces so they meet the adjacency and area requirements specified in the functional program@1999Arvin, Scott A. 相邻性"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04157c","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081119,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04157b","content":"adjacency and requirement"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04157d","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120864,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","content":"This article explores the utilization of Grasshopper (a Rhino plugin) as an analytical tool to graphically repre- sent a three-dimensional analysis of adjacency require- ments in space layout planning. @2015Boon, Christopher 相邻关系满组\n"},{"_id":"3f993e377ddd460f8d000176","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120868,"position":6.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","content":"优化邻近医院的距离总和可视化"},{"_id":"3f714f8df3fdd9189200036d","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22121067,"position":7.75,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","content":"SPL genrating part and analysiing 拓扑空间关系performance 是individual和静态的。 分析基于成果of空间或者是成果的position 功能等简单 factor进行 优化,\n\nhowerver 在真实的architecture设计流程中 , 建筑空间需求,建筑功能,社会空间关系connect, 建筑geometry 形态 建筑师策略等物理以及非物理影响因素共同作用于结果。 \n\nvisualiztion of 一个动态的实时的复杂影响因素的系统是之后要做的工作"},{"_id":"3f5331c930d35fcceb000126","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22121086,"position":8.375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","content":"交互的 3d methods fast gnerate space layout also交互的方式 优化 方案原型based on Real-time visualization of space performance \\"},{"_id":"3f714ec4f3fdd9189200036e","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22121061,"position":9,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041575","content":""},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22121038,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041569","content":"SPL interactive phisical model "},{"_id":"3f998a547ddd460f8d000173","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22121059,"position":0.3125,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","content":"interactive phisical model as a parametric tool connect the SLP fast generation part and 动态 modifition based on realtime feedback of space 拓扑 ajancey perfomance "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041571","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22120904,"position":0.75,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","content":"The interaction with aimed users is important which cannot be ignored. Although researchers have developed many researched to implement automating design process, most of these researched lack the direct interaction with aimed users and go against the design language that architects used. This interaction process need be shown at the initial design stage. 交互很重要"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041572","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081109,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041571","content":"#interaction"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041582","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101857,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","content":"Physically-based space planning is a means to automate the conceptual\ndesign process by applying the physics of motion to space plan elements.\n\nBaraff uses that method to model the realistic behavior of rigid bodies in resting (non-colliding) contact (Baraff, 1989) and building objects by dynamic constraints (Barzel & Barr, 1988)."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041584","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22121077,"position":1.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","content":"Some approaches to automated space layout planning use an iterative process of constructive initial placement, in which spaces are positioned one at a time (Liggett and Mitchell, 1981; Flemming and Chien, 1995). In these approaches, an ordering function is needed to determine which space to position first."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041583","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081126,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","content":"Physically based modeling has been used to model the realistic behavior of rigid bodies (Barzel and Barr, 1988; Baraff, 1989) as well as deformable models (Terzopoulos et. al., 1987)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041585","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081128,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","content":"Arvin & House work. They applied\nthe mechanical metaphor technique to the generation of architectural floor plans by using the analogy of mechanical springs and dampers to model a variety of design objectives (Arvin & House, 2002)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041586","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081129,"position":5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","content":"The tool introduces an algorithm that simulates the analogy of mechanical springs through an interactive simulation of a parametric model.@2016ElSayed,\n\nMohamed\n\nautomatic multi-stories space planning tool that helps low-income citizens to modify their prototype housing provided by the government."},{"_id":"3f990bb87ddd460f8d00017a","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22122022,"position":6,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041581","content":"but lack of consideration about Integrity space reqiurement. \n \n自下而上的居民的需求part and architect strategy of genrating part and analysiing 空间关系performance 是individual和步骤式的。 it is a chanllange of 建造一个整体的platform \n\n\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041587","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100933,"position":6,"parentId":null,"content":"methord "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041588","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101850,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041587","content":"frame"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041589","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100742,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041588","content":"the space arrangement framework has been designed in 4 modular components, namely (a) input, (b)design and decision components, (c)space layout planner (d) performance evaluator"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158a","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081133,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041589","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/C4zxZZSSW2FexObQXvpQ)"},{"_id":"3f65ee63f3fdd9189200036f","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22106505,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041589","content":""},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158b","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081134,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041587","content":"software implacation"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158c","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081135,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158b","content":"The theoretical approach that authors use is the simulation of the analogy of mechanical springs and boxes collision to reorganize and amend architectural spaces proximity."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158d","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100745,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158b","content":"The authors developed the algorithm in the generative design tool Grasshopper and the live physics engine Kangaroo,Topological and spatial syntax visualization tool spiderweb, all working within the Rhino 3D environment"},{"_id":"3f73b9782a0653e8d30006f1","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22107597,"position":2.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158b","content":"“SpiderWeb”enables the use of Space Syntax in parametric \n\nmodelling and its pursuit in computational design\n\n2013 Richard Schaffranek"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158e","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081137,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04158b","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/lBf9DXZZTwGwF1s6I959) 这个我截图的要模仿的和文字没有关系"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041591","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081140,"position":5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041587","content":"输入模块"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041592","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081141,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041591","content":"Prototype information modelling"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041593","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081142,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041591","content":"Qualifying inputs for the main building structure and boundaries.\n\nDetermination of the operation areas start by input the geometry in Rhino\n(a)Determination of the operation area. the main structure remains the structure gathering point will be set as a gravitational origin such as a building core, which later modular will make automatic space planning layout and they will be arranged around it. \n(b)Prepared a 3d volume initial position modular. The range of distribution of the prototype space, the initial position will affect the final arrangement result\n(c)Result. After calculating the 3D arrangement volume. The tool will automatically fill in the shapes with a three dimensional, 3d box grid that can also be adjusted to match the main structure and boundary as desired. The demation of 3d box gird will be defined as the smallest multiple of a constituent modular.\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041594","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081143,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041593","content":"\"运算区域的确定 start by input the geometry in Rhino(a)the main structurenremain structure聚集点将会被设定成引力原点如建筑核心筒等 which 之后modular will make automatic space planning layout 会围绕着它展开安排(b) prepared 3d体积\\ninitial position modular 原型空间的分布范围,初始的位置会影响到最后的安排结果\\n\\n(c) result 运算后3d arrangement volume. The tool will automatically fill in the shapes with a three dimensional, 3d box grid that can also be adjusted to match the main structure and boundary as desired. the \\n\\n3d box gird 的demation will be 定义成组成modular的最小倍数"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041595","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081144,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041594","content":""},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041596","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081145,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041594","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/UU1t8MaBS2UTOKum6zof)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041597","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081146,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041591","content":"Prototype information modelling\n\nUtilizing the lunch box in Rhino and enter the parameter specifying the design intent in Excel. Parameter transforms information into a 3d physical model. Modifications appear instantly on the software screen as a 3D-colored model, users can change the parameters which are Rome name, Function, Spaces information, Number of charts, 3d scale (Area and height can be defined by designers) (which should be considered dependent on minimax factor of 3dgrid )The module space will be modelled automatically and randomly assigned within the volume. The designer can adjust the initial position of the module according to a vague intention, in this step the architect can optimize and adapt the spatial prototype to any shape and initial position as long as the scale modulus of the prototype matches the 3d gird."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041598","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081147,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041597","content":"利用rhino中lunch box 的功能 在Excel 输入规定设计意向的讯息。 讯息transform information into a 3d physical model. Modifications appear instantly on the software screen as a 3D colored models ,users can change the 讯息是 name,function,spaces information chart 数量 3d尺寸(面积和高度可以自由定义)(which should be considered dependent on minimax 倍数 of 3dgrid )模块空间将会被automatic 建模并且随机的分配在 volume内.设计者可以根据模糊的意向去调整模块的初始位置, 在这个步骤建筑师可以优化和调整空间原型任意形态和初始位置只要只要确保原型的尺度模数与3d gird匹配。"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c041599","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081148,"position":6,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041587","content":"决策和关系面板"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159a","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081149,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041599","content":"Adjacency relations input to physical models of mechanics.\n\nMacroscopically, the architect needs to input factors such as the main structure of the building, sunlight, orientation, boundaries, main gathering points, etc. into the linkage and gravitational weights of a particular spatial unit. First, the design requirements and sustainable elements will be abstracted into a rigid body of suitable objects static, which will then attract dynamic units with specific weights. The result of the operation will be close to the side of the old people's room that gets more sunlight (similarly cases such as commercial units close to the main street, greenery units close to public spaces, etc. can be freely defined and taken into account in the design).\n\nThe physical gravitational relations of the system are defined according to the adjacency relations and specific design requirements. The algorithm is based on the GH platform of the universal modelling software rhino which specifies the links and adjacency weights between units, which facilitates specific model modifications for architects faced with specific needs for various building situations. The authors divided the spring forces link into groups to achieve the hierarchy in the desired space relations. (a) Micro-relationships refer to the adjacency between the unit and the unit (b) Macro-relationships refer to the adjacency of all unit groups to the main body of the building and to the environment.\n\n(a) Microscopic adjacency between units and unites This program adjacency matrix was introduced to assist in defining complex relationships and weights between units and unites. The architect can complete the matrix based on client interviews and smoothly define complex unit-unit relationships. The numbers on the charts represent the various needs of the client. The matrix forms a hierarchy of space in terms of priority and ranks the adjacency requirement of each element in relation to all other elements in the chart. There are three different levels of importance indicated by tones.\n\n(b) At the macro level, the architect needs to input factors such as the structure of the building body, sunlight, orientation, boundaries, major gathering points, etc. into the linkage and gravitational weights of a particular spatial unit. First, the design requirements and sustainable elements will be abstracted into a rigid body of suitable objects static, which will then attract dynamic units with specific weights. The result of the operation will be close to the side of the old people's room that gets more sunlight (similarly cases such as commercial units close to the main street, greenery units close to public spaces, etc. can be freely defined and taken into account in the design)."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159b","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081150,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159a","content":"宏观上 ,建筑师需要输入, 建筑主体结构,阳光,朝向,边界,主要聚集点,等因子对特定空间unit的链接和引力权重 。首先设计需求和可持续要素将会被抽象成合适的物体staic的刚体,然后刚体将会以特定权重吸引动态的unit。例如南向阳光可以被抽象为一个box在south,如果它老人房间与他相连接并且给于足够的引力权重。运算的result就会接近于老人房间在获得更多阳关的一面(同样case如商业体unit接近主要街道,绿色植物unit接近公共空间,等等空间相邻问题都可以被自由的定义和考虑进设计中"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159c","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081151,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159b","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/2KcREX2ZTWKPmoxwn9q2)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159d","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081152,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159a","content":"定义系统的物理引力关系根据相邻关系和特殊设计需求。算法基于普遍建模软件rhino 的gh platform 明确unit 之间的链接和相邻的权重关系,这方便建筑师面临特殊的各种建筑情况需求进行特异性的模型修改。 The authors divided the spring forces link into groups to achieve the hierarchy in the desired space relations. (a)微观关系指unit 和unit 之间的相邻关系(b)宏观关系指所有unit group和建筑主体以及环境的相邻关系\n\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159e","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081153,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159d","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/G5gk1b7KTn6GOdKDZtfX)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159f","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081154,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159a","content":"(a)微观上 unit 和unit 之间的相邻关系 This program adjacency matrix was 引入 to assist 定义复杂的unit和unit之间关系和权重。 建筑师可以根据client interviews 完成矩阵,并且顺利的定义复杂的unit和unit之间的关系 。如图The numbers on the charts represent the various needs of the client. The matrix forms a hierarchy of space in terms of priority and ranks the adjacency requirement of each element in relation to all other elements in the chart. There are three different levels of importance indicated by tones"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a0","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081155,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159f","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/rMjLbaxeSJSM7XYTYLX4)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a1","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081156,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04159a","content":"(b)宏观上 ,建筑师需要输入, 建筑主体结构,阳光,朝向,边界,主要聚集点,等因子对特定空间unit的链接和引力权重 。首先设计需求和可持续要素将会被抽象成合适的物体staic的刚体,然后刚体将会以特定权重吸引动态的unit。例如南向阳光可以被抽象为一个box在south,如果它老人房间与他相连接并且给于足够的引力权重。运算的result就会接近于老人房间在获得更多阳关的一面(同样case如商业体unit接近主要街道,绿色植物unit接近公共空间,等等空间相邻问题都可以被自由的定义和考虑进设计中"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a3","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081158,"position":7,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041587","content":"生成器"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a4","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100922,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a3","content":"Simulation and interactive adjustment\n\nRun the simulation. Based on Kangaroo, simulation can be implemented of the analogy of mechanical springs and unit collision to fast generate the unit combination by inputting spaces proximity relationship. The definition creates a line connecting the units for every adjacency requirement. A higher value attractiveness indicates closer proximity and more optimized adjacency. The result is caused by Various gravitational forces in space for spacesuit attraction and repulsion.\n \nusers can modify the result in a ineractive way by changing the architecture elements or adjacency requirementThe\n\n simulation goes mainly in two steps.\n\na. Topological adjacency operations\n\nunit and unit archive the space proximity relations by using ‘spring force’ mechanical simulation to generate the initial location of individual units and affects how units relate to each other.\nThe forces were abstraction into axial forces, one point at the centre of the unit connect to another point with the line, the physics engine Kangaroo simulates the spring force physics. box-collide was defined to make sure the results of the operations are closely linked and orthogonal.\n\nb. Calculations between groups\n\nFor the global all-unit attraction by the building space, meeting the objective of filling the building boundary. By using another Kangaroo engine. The vertical traffic space is generally set up as a core of attraction to ensure the realization of traffic in the multi-storey arrangement. The centre points of the unit connect with architecture geometry centre point. architecture volume boundary plays a role as a big box-collide as a container to full will with units. The design of the built form will be translated into rigid volume boundaries and spaces will meet unique spatial forms while satisfying topological adjacencies. Users can add or delete any design factor which can be defined as a geometry for interacting with units, such as sunshine, wind direction, preferences of floor level, etc., which can be abstracted as physical gravity models.\n\nc. Parameter requirements\n\nThe range of force value designed as a slider bar component of grasshopper from 0-1000N.users need to consider the weight of various demand factor to make a decision.\n\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a5","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081160,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a4","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/gSkZhUxdRVuscnT0ZfI1)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a6","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081161,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a4","content":"run the simulation. 基于 kangaroo 我们能够实现simulation of the analogy of mechanical springs and unit collision to fast generate the unit combination by inputting spaces proximity relationship.The definition creates line connecting the units for every adjacency requirement. A higher value 引力indicates a closer proximity and more optimized adjacency。result是空间各种引力对于空间unit吸引和排斥的综合结果 \nThe simulation goes mainly in two steps. \n1.Step one 拓扑相邻运算\n\nunit and unit archive the space proximity relations by using ‘spring force’ mechanical simulation to generate the initial location of individual units and affects how units relates to each other.\n\nThe forces was 抽象成轴向的力, one points at the center of unit connect to another point with line ,The physics engine Kangaroo simulates the spring force physics. box-collide was defined make sure 运算结果是紧密相连和正交的。\n\n2.Step two unit group \nsecond step 针对全局所有的unit被建筑空间吸引 ,满足填充满足建筑边界目标。by using another kangroo engine。垂直交通空间一般会被设定成吸引的核心,以保证多层arrangement的交通实现。the center point of unit connect with architecture geometry center point . architecture volume boundary play a role as a big box-collide as a 容器 to fullwill with units. 建筑形式的设计将会被转化为刚体体积边界,空间将会在满足拓扑相邻关系的同时,满足独特的空间形式。users can add or delete any design factor which can be defined as a geomerty for ineracting with units.如阳光,风向,楼层上下的偏好等因子都可以抽象为物理引力模型\n\n3.参数要求\nthe range of force value designed as a slider bar componate of grasshopper from 0-1000N.users need consider weight of various demand factor to make decision"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a7","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081162,"position":8,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041587","content":"评估和修正模块"},{"_id":"3f739ed82a0653e8d30006f2","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100945,"position":0.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a7","content":"Spatial layout modifition and real-time visualisation of average 路径distance performance \n"},{"_id":"3f739ebc2a0653e8d30006f3","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22122106,"position":0.75,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a7","content":"average distance and spcae adjecnt value were jointly proposed to evaluate the obtained results."},{"_id":"3f736a97f3fdd91892000367","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101027,"position":0.875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a7","content":"空间邻近 fitness(realtime)\n\nThe definition creates lines between program units connecting the each units for every adjacency requirement. the lines total distance will add up and average processing, which can be weighted to the average distance A lower value indicates closer proximity and more optimized adjacency. users can consider and try to minimize this total distance to improve fitness.\n\n"},{"_id":"3f7358c8f3fdd91892000369","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22107598,"position":0.9375,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a7","content":"space 路径average distance (slow)\n\nwhen 确定了space layout , input 空间交通联通路径,计算每个空间节点到每个空间的路径平均距离(非欧空间距离). showing accessbility of each space .low value repsent a better accessbility and 公共性\n\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a8","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101021,"position":1.03125,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a7","content":"Utilizing the plugin named spiderweb in GH, which provides functionality for preforming calculations on graphs. The library is created with a special focus on the integration of graphs and graph-related theories (e.g. SpaceSyntax) in parametric design environments. develop an algorithm to generate a visualization of sustainable performance factors.\n\n\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a9","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081164,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a8","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/kf2rzE2QkmkXXRYybJht)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415aa","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100797,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a8","content":"计算完unit的排布之后,Generate 每一个细化的space 布局,根据相邻性权重和建筑师手工单元体隔墙的删减增加优化之后得到更完整的空间模型。利用gh平台的spiderweb 插件SpiderWeb provides functionality for preforming calculations on graphs. The library is created with a special focuse on the integration of graphs and graph related theroies (e.g. SpaceSyntax) in parametric design envoirnments. develop agorithm to generate visualization of susnable performance factors . \n\n(a)average disatances\n The definition creates lines between program units connecting the origin points for every adjacency requirement.the lines total distance will be adds up and 平均处理, which can be weighted to the average distacne A lower value indicates a closer proximity and more optimized adjacency. users can consider and try to minimize this total distance to improve fitness.\n(b)shadow casting\n(c)longth of boundary \n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415ab","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081166,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a8","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/kf2rzE2QkmkXXRYybJht)"},{"_id":"3f736226f3fdd91892000368","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100964,"position":1.1875,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a7","content":"Space Syntax can be used to predict, qualify and quantify aspects of human behaviour of \ndifferent design proposals and the impact on their neighbourhoods."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415ac","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22106648,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415a7","content":"Evaluation and Revised design\n\nAfter stimulation is completed, users will get resulting solution with visualization performance showing spaces proximity value, accessibility. If the prototype is accepted by considering the performance of space character in Realtime, users can bake the model to Rhino. If not, users can modify inputs factor by 1 changing the modular or architectural elements position 2 changing the force value of different step string 3changing the architecture form volume.\nIf the simulation step was wrong, the system will send warning messages to guide them.\n\n\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415ad","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081168,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415ac","content":""},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415af","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081170,"position":9,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c041587","content":"代理具体的物理模型"},{"_id":"3f7381862a0653e8d30006f4","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100987,"position":0.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415af","content":"After calculating the layout of the unit boundry, designers make a choice of plan, "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b0","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22100999,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415af","content":"the designed modular with detail will be proxied to the appropriate location."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b1","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081172,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415af","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/TzQU8KbQT6iK6w7X5d1V)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081174,"position":8,"parentId":null,"content":"hongkong case study"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b4","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22106012,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"our tool was the application to test application high complexity in spatial relationships and \n\n This Archiford LLC archiford.com architectural studio designed social housing concept design and merge the data according to Hongkong authority specifications in 2018. With this expertise, we have used data source of Hongkong client interviews about spatial relationships and social-spatial unit requirement posted by Archiford 2018.6. using x units with different characters shows in excel and adjacency matrix for Hongkong social housing project (Table 1), a site in Hongkong with an irregular boundary volume and five height floor which is the part of social housing was chosen to test interactive space arrangement tool in physical engine Kangaroo.\nFigure "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b5","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081176,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b4","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/AOAdK8kSrKEwGIu95yUH)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b6","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081177,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b4","content":" 如图表展示部分香港楼的了空间unit数量和的需求"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b7","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081178,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b6","content":""},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b8","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081179,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b4","content":"gh 显示 一个梯形类似的不规则边界被设定"},{"_id":"3f730f7cf3fdd9189200036a","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101051,"position":1.5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"This Archiford LLC archiford.com architectural studio designed social housing concept design and merge the data according to Hongkong authority specifications in 2018. With this expertise, we have used data source of Hongkong client interviews about spatial relationships and social-spatial unit requirement posted by Archiford 2018.6. using x units with different characters shows in excel and adjacency matrix for Hongkong social housing project (Table 1), a site in Hongkong with an irregular boundary volume and five height floor which is the part of social housing was chosen to test interactive space arrangement tool in physical engine Kangaroo.\nFigure "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b9","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081180,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"图展 x-x depict the Grasshopper definition for this specific 情况的参数设定,and 生成计算过程,using the steps outlined in Section 2.2.\n\n \n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415ba","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081181,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b9","content":"programme的参数定义了units 属性,引力相邻关系 ,图"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415bb","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081182,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b9","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/H5TXd0PgSaKdkDd9ZROO)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415bc","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081183,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/2GKmUlW0QrGPqAM01Cs0)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415bd","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081184,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"图 运行过程 "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415be","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081185,"position":5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/NUaAqqqSQuToVFGYu2BA)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415bf","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081186,"position":6,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"图 一个方案"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415c0","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081187,"position":7,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/1wG1aHkbQK9fKT85uSkH)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415c1","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101081,"position":8,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"平均距离图 多个方案 。 space distance value "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415c2","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081189,"position":9,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"reslut x shows the x"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415c3","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081190,"position":10,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/Dqo3nbyMSlu6HyQyOego)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415c6","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081193,"position":13,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"Recursive Shadow Casting - Preforms recursive shadow casting on a visual graph grid and outputs the visual graph. (Turner, Doxa, et al. 2001)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415c7","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081194,"position":14,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"The definition creates a line connecting the origin points for every adjacency requirement. A lower value indi- cates a closer proximity and more optimized adjacency. The definition adds up the total distance of all adja- cency lines, which can be weighted to create greater attraction or repulsion in order to prioritize certain adja- cencies over others or ensure two program elements are isolated from one another. The Galapagos evolutionary solver will try to minimize this total distance to improve fitness."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415c8","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081195,"position":15,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"作为该工具的延展 把楼全局做了户型得到相应的方案"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415c9","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081196,"position":16,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/EhBw1zhzTeWdfFczXJ2P)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415ca","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081197,"position":17,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415b3","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/xuWkiffqTROn6XfBwJ2g)"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cc","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081199,"position":10,"parentId":null,"content":" Discussion and future work"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cd","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22122107,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cc","content":"We feel that our prototype system provides a convincing demonstration of the attractiveness of the responsive design approach and the use of physically based methods in implementing this approach. its spend 20s for genrating\n\n交互的 3d methods 不但能fast gnerate space layout also交互的方式 优化 方案原型based on Real-time visualization of space performance "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cf","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101085,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cc","content":"The fact that the physically based objectives do most of the work allows one to easily explore many design possibilities "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d0","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101097,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cc","content":"Design solutions are created automatically from a small set of design objectives, and the system is very flexible in that design objects can be easily manipulated, allowing new designs to emmerge."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d1","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101069,"position":5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cc","content":"Our current implementation is highly interactive and results are produced in real time, but whether or not this will hold for more complicated designs is an open question. "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d2","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101079,"position":6,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cc","content":"From the results shown in the case study, the requirements from the social housing in Hongkong project can be fulfilled with our tool and showing the muti performance parameter in real time. The arrangement layouts can be automatically generated based on the ajanctive need and units characters record in excel . Moreover, the designers can interactively modify the space arrangement layout by changing individual unit to achieve satisfying results."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d3","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081206,"position":7,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cc","content":"advantage"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d4","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22101080,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d3","content":"1.The advantages of this tool, particularly with social housing, are that the system uses multiple layers of the gravitational system as a holistic simulation result. This allows critical spatial relationships to be arranged in an adaptive way to simultaneously consider the requirements of multiple factors solutions. For example, the elders' space in figure x always is placed based on rules of Closing to the stairs and closer to the south side for the light at the same time. The adaptability of the system can help designers solve the more complex actual situation\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d5","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081208,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d3","content":"People from multiple directions can collaborate"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d6","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081209,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d3","content":"are that the system is simulated with multiple layers of gravitational system holistic results"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d7","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081210,"position":4,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d3","content":"2 Regular and orthogonal space-filling calculations are implemented in literature such as xxx and xxx. In this system figure x shows irregular physical forms can also be filled in, the logical of filling logic need to be defined by manual to fulfil the vertical traffic, but this system makes a contribution for free automation of built form space arrangement. even for complex building designs, in the reasonably near future.\n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d8","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081211,"position":5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d3","content":"3.the major advantages in using this system for space arrangement for social housing is the fact that the visualization of the result performance would be modified and decided for the architect in the conceptual design stage when they are facing a large number and complexity of initial problems. From section x to x ,designers can generate the final space prototype and the plan characteristics in a few seconds."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d9","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081212,"position":6,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415d3","content":"4 People from multiple fields can collaborate based on Building information model. The model not only records the physical geometry but also the information such as the weight of adjacent space, space dimensions, complex unit characters and relationship, and the performance corresponds to the generation of each programme. Using general language for cross-platform collaboration,especially in hongkong case using excel as the input of data, it can save time costsand for enhancing management of the lifecycle. "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415da","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081213,"position":8,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415cc","content":"limited and future work"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415db","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081214,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415da","content":"In this case, a lot of manual work is required"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415dc","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081215,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415da","content":"There are several limitations to this script."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415dd","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081216,"position":3,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415da","content":"In some results, solutions were loose and not compacted in setback (Figure 4:b, c, d and f). This script currently treats units as dynamic gravity element in Kangaroo during the Calculation process. For many cases, too much mechanics act together and the whole system does not reach a steady-state to give results. This could lead to units gradually become disconnected with each other at a long time Mechanical interference. Further development of the script would be necessary to put more mechanics control structural optimisation on programs for generating a stable result."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415df","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081218,"position":5,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415da","content":"Some spaces were not accessible (Figure x ,because the unappropriate values were set for the spring constants. In this case, a lot of manual work is required to adjust the force value to fix to unit single-unit accessibility. In future work, finding a range of mechanics values that apply to more range design situations is necessary. For a systematic mechanics value range, data experiments need to be carried out in large numbers"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e0","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081219,"position":6,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415da","content":"The building design is concerned with satisfying various assessment objectives, which are sometimes in conflict with each other. The performance data showed in figure x space performance with the good shadow casting but a long traffic flow, when faced with a large number of this kind of units, its a challenge for People to globally optimize. Performance of various indicators, therefore, needs to be assessed as a whole rather than in isolation in the near future step. The palapas multi-factor optimisation systems or ai data learning would be a scalable direction for global holistic assessment of space to calculate fitness rankings"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e1","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081220,"position":11,"parentId":null,"content":"conclusion "},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e2","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081221,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e1","content":"From our case study, it has been proved that our physically-based tool can efficiently and effectively implement automatic space arrangement and performance feedback process in practice. Cooperation of designers in different fields can benefit from the interactive 3d prototyping space arrangement which saves a lot of manual work and requalify the synthesis of 3D units arrangement destined and Complexity in 3dspace to improve social cohesion with a view to sustainability and densification.\n\nHowever, it has also been found in Hongkong case study, that the physical gravitational structure and range of gravitational values have their own limitations to implement the needs of More accurate space arrangement the problem. Although all errors can be adust by manual optimisation as intermediate solutions, a better mechanics hierarchy and parameters range is required to solve the fully automatic problem. \n\nIn future, more systematic mechanical architecture and accurate weighting parameters for optimization methods and holistic evaluation strategies should be developed to better fulfil the space arrange synthesis. \n"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e3","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081222,"position":2,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e1","content":"We have introduced the concept of responsive designdeveloped. We have also demonstrated, with a simple prototype system, that the concepts of physically based modeling provide concrete principles around which to construct such tools. O"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e4","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081223,"position":12,"parentId":null,"content":"Acknowledgments"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e5","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081224,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e4","content":"This work was supported in part by an architecture design company archiford ltd ."},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e9","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081228,"position":14,"parentId":null,"content":"图"},{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415ea","treeId":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","seq":22081229,"position":1,"parentId":"600a1b40d18a06047c0415e9","content":"![](https://www.filepicker.io/api/file/ogfqhleRmeNVHdKvslC9)"}],"tree":{"_id":"600a1b40d18a06047c04153b","name":"z1","publicUrl":"z1"}}